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University of Memphis - PSYC 3103 - Class Notes - Week 1

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> > > > University of Memphis - PSYC 3103 - Class Notes - Week 1
background image Chapter 1 History, Theory, and Applied Directions The Field of child Development Understanding constancy and change from conception through adolescence o Applied importance o Interdisciplinary o Dynamic Domains of Development Physical Cognitive Emotional and Social Periods of Development Prenatal Conception to Birth Infancy and Toddlerhood Birth to 2 years Early Childhood 2 to 6 years Middle Childhood 6 to 11 years Adolescence 11 to 18 years Emerging Adulthood 18 to 25 years Theory An orderly, integrated, evidence­based set of statements that: o Describes o Explains o Predicts behavior Basic Issues in Development Continuous or discontinuous? One course of development or many? Nature or nurture? Contexts of Development Unique combinations of personal and environmental circumstances o Results in different developmental paths Factors: o Heredity and biological makeup o Environment (home, child care, school, neighborhood) o Circumstances (community resources, social values, historical time period)
background image Nature and Nurture Nature Nurture Inborn, biological givens Physical and social world Based on genetic inheritance Influence biological and psychological 
development
Stability vs. Plasticity Stability: usually associated with heredity o Lifelong characteristics o Early experiences establish patterns Plasticity: responsive to experience Balanced view embraces continuous and discontinuous change For Discussion: What Is Your Stance on the three Basic Issues of Human Develoment? Directions: The following four pairs of statements relate to basic issues about human 
development. Read each statement carefully. Then write down the number and letter of the 
statement in each pair that more closely reflects your own view.
1A. Development is a continuous, gradual progression, with new abilities, skills, and  knowledge gradually added at a relatively uniform pace. 1B. Development occurs at different rates, alternating between periods of little change and  periods of abrupt, rapid change. 2A.  All humans follow the same general sequence of development. 2B.  Each individual has a unique course of development. 3A.  Children respond to the world in much the same way as adults. The main difference is  that children’s thinking is less sophisticated and complex than adults’. 3B.  Children have unique ways of thinking about and responding to the world that are very  different from those of adults. 4A.  An individual’s personality is mostly determined by heredity. 4B.  An individual’s personality can be modified through caregiving experiences. Resilient Children Ability to adapt effectively in the face of threats to development What factors offer protection? o Personal characteristics, including temperament

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School: University of Memphis
Department: Psychology
Course: Child Psychology
Term: Spring 2019
Tags:
Name: PSYC 3103 Week 1
Description: These notes cover the history of child psychology
Uploaded: 01/21/2019
6 Pages 33 Views 26 Unlocks
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School: University of Memphis
Department: Psychology
Course: Child Psychology
Term: Spring 2019
Tags:
Name: PSYC 3103 Week 1
Description: These notes cover the history of child psychology
Uploaded: 01/21/2019