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WMU - MUS 1700 - Class Notes - Week 3

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background image Music History Notes Weeks 1-3  By Abbie Zimmerman Musicology- the scientific study of music Musicians- People who dedicate their lives to creating music and expressing 
themselves through it\
Melisma- giving extra notes to one syllable Chant- music with one line of melody Polyphonic- music with multiple lines of melody Greek music -focuses on words, later turns into opera, doesn’t have many musical 
rules
Ancient music- open chords Renaissance- introduction of triadic harmony (3 note chords) Baroque- started by opera, includes composers like Bach and Handel Classical- came after baroque  Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) One of the greatest composers in western tradition Regarded himself as a craftsman (not some huge composer or rockstar) Played organ, keyboard, violin, and composed a lot Came from a large family of musicians in Thuringia, Germany Born in Eisenach, Germany and attended Latin school there Learned violin from his dad who died before 10 th  birthday  Studied and lived with big brother Johann Christoph Bach who taught JSB 
organ. He lived in Ohrdruf
1700-1702 went to school at Luneburg, met Georg Bohm (organist) and 
learned about French music
1703- was a church organist at Arstadt (18 years old) 1707- church organist at Mulhausen, married his second cousin Maria Barbara
Bach, has 7 kids with her
1720- Maria dies 1721- married Anna Magdalena Wilcke (court singer) , had 13 kids with her 
( 7 died in infancy)
From 1707 on, he tutored private students in performance and compositions 
(some were his own sons)
1708- became a court musician for Duke of Weimar, first organist, then as 
concertmaster 
background image During his work with the Duke, the Duke went broke and Bach tried to leave 
(gets in trouble because he was kind of a servant and gets put into the 
Duke’s jail for a little bit)
1717- appointed Kapellmeister (music director) at court of Prince Leopold of 
Anhalt in Cothen ( stayed 6 years)
1723 ish- moved back to Liepzig to become cantor for St. Thomas school and 
civic music director (one of the most prestigious positions in Germany). He 
was the third choice, the top two that were offered the position said no
Last two years of his life he struggled with disease: likely diabetes, vision 
issues, severe eye pain
He died of a stroke Left small estate to his surviving 9 kids and wife Wife died in poverty 10 years later Works identified by their number in Wolfgang Schmieder’s catalogue of his 
works, abbreviated BWV for Bach-Werke- Verzeichnis (Bach Works Catalogue)
Invented the chorale  All of his work was contrapuntal  Major Works:  St. Matthew Passion St. John Passion Mass in B minor 200 church cantatas 200 secular cantatas 200 organ chorales 70 other organ works Brandenburg concertos Well-tempered clavier Clavier-Ubung Musical offering The Art of Fugue Etc.    George Frideric Handel   (1685-1759) Recognized since his own time as one of the greatest composers of his era Master of all types of vocal and instrumental music Best known for English oratorios (a genre he invented) for his Italian operas Born in Halle, Germany (son of a barber-surgeon at local court) His father wanted him to study law- but he studied music secretly His organ playing at age 9 impressed the duke, who persuaded his father to 
let him study with Friederich Wilhelm Zachow (composer, organist, church 
music director in Halle)
Learned more organ, harpsichord, violin, oboe, mastered counterpoint, and 
learned about German and Italian composers by copying scores

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School: Western Michigan University
Department: Music
Course: Intro to music history
Professor: Daniel Jacobsen
Term: Spring 2019
Tags: Bach, Handel, Baroque, Classical, opera, castrato, and enlightenment
Name: Music History notes week 1-3
Description: This covers Bach, Handel, baroque, classical, the enlightenment, and some of the Italian opera traditions.
Uploaded: 01/22/2019
6 Pages 124 Views 99 Unlocks
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School: Western Michigan University
Department: Music
Course: Intro to music history
Professor: Daniel Jacobsen
Term: Spring 2019
Tags: Bach, Handel, Baroque, Classical, opera, castrato, and enlightenment
Name: Music History notes week 1-3
Description: This covers Bach, Handel, baroque, classical, the enlightenment, and some of the Italian opera traditions.
Uploaded: 01/22/2019