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UCD - MUS 011 - Class Notes - Week 3

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UCD - MUS 011 - Class Notes - Week 3

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background image Lecture 4: Timbre, Form, and Texture   This will encompass chapters 5 and 6 of the readings of the textbook “World Music, Traditions 
and Transformations” by Michael Bakan 
Dynamics:   •  Refers to the volume of the music 
•  Volume can be maintained in an entire section  
•  Volume can change gradually or suddenly from loud to soft or vice versa  
o  Crescendo: gradual increase in the volume 
o  Diminuendo: gradual decrease in the volume 
o  Dynamic Range: the range between the softest and loudest notes 
EX: “Requiem, Dies Irae” by Giuseppe Verdi  EX: Balinese Gamelan Music    Timbre   •  Timbre is the quality or “color” of tones 
•  It is what makes a musical sound recognizable  
•  Each instrument can have various timbres  
o  For instance, acoustic guitar is unamplified and electric guitar is amplified   •  Ensembles: music groups  
•   
Music Instruments  •  Music instrument: any sound-generating medium used to produce tones in the making of  music   •  Instrumentation: the types of instruments and the number of each (this dictates the  timbral landscape of music)      Instruments: Classification    •  Culture specific systems of classification   o  Each tradition has its own ways of classifying instruments 
o  Some diverse criteria include: the role in each ensemble, size, level of difficulty 
of the pieces   •  There is a Universal system of classification    
background image Hornbostel-Sachs System of Instrument Classification (1914)    •  Idiophones : the body of the instrument vibrates (the triangle or spoons)    •  Membranophones : a membrane vibrates (drums)    •  Chordophones : vibration of strings (guitar or violin)   •  Aerophones : air passing through a tube (clarinet or trumpet)    •  Electrophones  (created in the 1940s)    o  Two types (pure and hybrid)  
o  Digital Sampling: allows for a sound to be recorded and reproduced 
o  Multitrack recording: produce multitrack sequences 
o  Overdubbing: layer tracks 
  Texture  •  Texture: the kind of relationships between the different instruments or voices in a piece  of music   •  This usually changes over the course of a piece    Kinds of Musical Textures   1.  Monophony: a single person sings or plays a melody  ~Unison: perform the same sequence of pitches in the same rhythm  EX: The song “Purisma”   2.  Homophony: all parts sing the same rhythm but at different pitches  ~Can also be a single melody accompanied by non-melodic harmonic accompaniment  EX: The song “Desafinado” (this shows a singer with background instruments)   3.  Heterophony: melodic instruments play their own versions of the same melody  ~Heterophony is like a complex monophony  EX: “Iraqi Café"   4.  Polyphony: at least 2 parts play independent melodies  EX: The song “Tale as Old as Time” (Duet)    Call and Response  •  This means that there is an alternation between two parts that complement each other 

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School: University of California - Davis
Department: Music
Course: Musics of the World
Professor: J Diaz
Term: Winter 2019
Tags: Music
Name: Musics of the Worlds, Chapter 5 and 6 Class notes
Description: These notes cover chapters 5 and 6 from the textbook "World Music, Traditions and Transformations" by Michae Bakan.
Uploaded: 01/23/2019
3 Pages 46 Views 36 Unlocks
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