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UCD - MUS 011 - Study Guide - Midterm

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UCD - MUS 011 - Study Guide - Midterm

School: University of California - Davis
Department: Music
Course: Musics of the World
Professor: J Diaz
Term: Winter 2019
Tags: Music
Name: Musics of the World, Study Guide #1
Description: This study guide covers chapters 3-6 of the textbook "World Music, Traditions and Transformations" by Michael Bakan. This study guide will help student review for the upcoming quiz that focuses on material covered in these chapters.
Uploaded: 01/23/2019
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background image Study Guide #1  This will cover Chapters 3-6 of the textbook “World Music, Traditions and Transformations” by  Michael Bakan.   Chapter 3: How Music Works (Part 1)    •  The Four Properties of Tones  o  Duration: how long or short a tone is 
o  Frequency: how high or low a tone is  
o  Amplitude: how loud or soft tones are 
o  Timbre: the actual sound quality or “tone color” of tones   
Rhythm   •  Rhythm: how the sounds and silences of music are organized in time  o  Includes  notes  (individual musical tones)  and  rests  (a pause between notes)    o  There are sixteenth notes (faster-moving) 
o  There are eighth notes (medium speed ones)  
o  There are quarter notes (slower ones) 
  Beat   •  Beat: the lengths of different notes    Subdivision   •  Subdivision: beats are divided into smaller rhythmic units  o  Duple subdivision: two evenly spaced notes per beat 
o  Triple subdivisions: three evenly spaced notes 
o  Quadruple subdivision: four evenly spaced notes 
Meter  •  Measure: the grouping of beats 
•  Meter: the number of beats in a measure 
•  Metric Cycle: used for longer types of meters 
EX: The song “Cielito Lindo” (Mexican Mariachi)     Accent and Syncopation   •  Accents: produced by simply playing one notes more loudly than the notes surrounding it  
background image •  Syncopation: an accented note that falls between beats  EX: The song “I Got You” by James Brown, which has an abundance of syncopated music    Tempo  •  Tempo: the rate at which the beats pass in music   EX: The song “Zorba the Greek”     The Free Rhythm   •  Metric music has a discernible meter and tempo  •  Free Rhythm: has no discernible beat, it tends to float across time     Review Questions: (From Michael Bakan Textbook)   1.  Rhythm is closely related to   a.  Amplitude 
b.  Duration  
c.  Frequency  
d.  Timbre 
2.  The underlying pulse of music is known as  a.  Accent 
b.  Beat  
c.  Subdivision  
d.  Tempo 
3.  The number of beats in a measure defines the music’s  a.  Rhythm  
b.  Meter 
c.  Tempo 
4.  When the meters are longer and more complex, we use the term   a.  Metric Cycle 
b.  Syncopation  
c.  Quadruple Meter 
5.  An accented note that falls between beats is called a   a.  Subdivision  
b.  Syncopation  
c.  Free Rhythm 
6.  When music is nonmetric, we call it  a.  Tempo 
b.  Free Rhythm 
c.  Syncopation  
background image Chapter 4: How Music Works (Part 2)    Pitch and Melody   •  Melody: sequence of pitches that unfolds 
•  Melody range: the distance in pitch from the lowest note to the highest note 
•  Melodic direction: the upward and downward movement of the melody as it progresses 
from note to note   •  Melodic contour: the overall “shape” of the melody    The Western Pitch System and the Octave   •  In the Western system, there are 12 determinate pitches that make up the chromatic scale  
•  Scale: an ascending and/or descending series of notes of different pitch  
•  Octave: a musical phenomenon that is nearly universally recognized in the world’s music 
traditions   •  Ranges (registers): men and women have different ranges     Common Scales in Western Music   •  The octave is divided into 12 pitches of the chromatic scale  Major Scale : produced using the white keys of the piano only, it starts at C and  has 7 pitches per octave   o  Tonic: the first scale degree 
o  Key: music that tends to have “happy” connotations for Western listeners 
Pentatonic Scale : has only 5 pitches per octave (it is mussing the 4 th  and 7 th  scale  degrees)    Minor Scale : has 7 pitches per octave   o  Interval: the distance between two notes 
Blues Scale : combines features of major, minor, pentatonic, and traditional  African scales (it has 6 main pitches)      Pitch and Scales in Non-Western Musical Systems   •  Every country or region has a different pitch system 
•  Microtones: systems of tiny intervals  
•  Ornamentalism: decoration of the main notes of the melody 
•  Articulation: diverse styles of music  
•  Staccato: short notes 
•  Legato: long notes 

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Join more than 18,000+ college students at University of California - Davis who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: University of California - Davis
Department: Music
Course: Musics of the World
Professor: J Diaz
Term: Winter 2019
Tags: Music
Name: Musics of the World, Study Guide #1
Description: This study guide covers chapters 3-6 of the textbook "World Music, Traditions and Transformations" by Michael Bakan. This study guide will help student review for the upcoming quiz that focuses on material covered in these chapters.
Uploaded: 01/23/2019
7 Pages 76 Views 60 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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