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GSU - PSY 1101 - Week 2 Notes - Class Notes

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GSU - PSY 1101 - Week 2 Notes - Class Notes

School: Georgia Southern University
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Psychology
Professor: Steirn
Term: Spring 2019
Tags:
Name: Week 2 Notes
Description: These notes are from Chapter 2.
Uploaded: 01/24/2019
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School: Georgia Southern University
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Psychology
Professor: Steirn
Term: Spring 2019
Tags:
Name: Week 2 Notes
Description: These notes are from Chapter 2.
Uploaded: 01/24/2019
48 Pages 49 Views 39 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!

Unformatted text preview: Chapter 2: Science of Behavior ayrience, u ystematic, organized approach to understanding the physical world Scientific method treo tive off mpiricol! Observation that could demonstrate * Falsifiability: Ability to test a hypothesis algam ooctrote the hypothesis to be incorrect - Institutional Review Board (IRB) : committee of scientists and administrator oversee all human research e profect rights of participants astatistics: type of mathematics u sed to describe and evaluate data - Four General Goals of Science, (0) Description providing clear understanding of when and where (2) Prediction Asks when t under which conditions (3) Explanation: Why? (4) Control How? p How De We Study Behavior? operational statement that clearly explains what's being measured and how to measure it. (clear statement of target behavior. (2) statement about how to measure target behavior e Reactivity: changes in behavior that occur because of being obrerved/recorded e Experimental control. Ability of researcher to control the environmentNe Environmental Realism: Degree to which the testing environment is similar to real world contexto * Internal validity. Ability to minimize i those involved in roc arche auch her than the meaning a fluence Otvariables Other * External validity: Degree to which finding to from study can be applied to pituations outside of original e Behavioral Observations. * Passive : not manipulated, texperimental manipulated Naturalistic Observation. Behavior is observed and recorded in natural context without interferance case study: Detailed observation of ringle individual or group of individuals Generalizability: Degree to which, findings from one context oon bev applied to a different Context Ex. Does, one chimp's preference for apples mean that aitchimps prefer appler * Correlational study o measure two or more variables (2) Evalua t degree of relationship between the variables correlation coefficient i summarizes degree of related mess between two continuous variables Ranges from land + Vanables increase and decrease together inverse relationship means negativeControl canal Experimontal Research is Expeamental condition Group given treatment group not given treatment The Place 00 Fffect participants report even when drug therapy, is ineffective Had third condition (sugar pill measure mood compare + contrast independent variable(tri manipulated by researcher * Dependent variabler D measured and observed can founding vanables variables Other th n IV that can influence results Indirect measurements -J rvey Methods cobit report Don't require access to behavior in context compartive research astudy of behaviorin non-human epecies se observations of animal behavior in order to better understand human beingviin - International Animal care and uses committee Non-human subjecti r segich

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