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UO - CLAS - Class Notes - Week 3

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UO - CLAS - Class Notes - Week 3

School: University of Oregon
Department: Classical Studies
Course: Classical Mythology
Term: Winter 2019
Tags:
Name: Week 3 notes
Description: These notes cover more of the titans and more characters in Classical Mythology
Uploaded: 01/25/2019
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background image 1/23 The Origins Chaos, the abyss,void From Chaos: Earth, Tartaros, Eros(attraction) o Not created o Eros(love) necessary to create and multiply Compare with Enuma Elish: o Tiamat “marries” Apsu and together generate divinities Erebos (darkness), night from chaos(lighter than darkness) “Mating” (Eros) of Erebos + Night = air + day o Earth’s parthenogenetic (Grk parthenos = unmarried woman, + genos =birth, 
origin) production:
mountains , sea Ouranos (sky): Son and mate, stretches over Earth completely no division  Egypt: sky and Earth separated by air Eros’ attraction: Earth + sky = titans  Cyclops ( one eyed) 1. Sky’s(oronos) dislike of his children: o Fears their strength o Prevents their birth o Earth’s maternal womb as a prison 2. Mother and son against oppressive Father/King
background image o Earth, Kronos and the sickle (obsidian­volcanic glass)  o Earth produces a weapon in her body so that son can castrate father when he  comes home o Giants pop out of ground 3. Children of Sky’s blood: o Erinyes (Furies): vengeance and retribution o Crimes against blood relations o Kronos’ own demise Giants, fully armed o Ash tree nymphs (grk Nymphe = young girl of marriage age) o Ash tree wood for spears (greek use ash tree to make weapons)  Erinyes ­ snakes in their hair, blood coming out of their mount From Sky’s severed genitals: Aphrodite o Motherless (alt. Version in Homer: Zeus + Dione) o Aphrodite’s entourage Eros: “limb loosener” i.e. weakening power over body + mind, men and 
gods
Love, beautiful, but potentially deadly  Dangers of sexuality  Sumero­ Babylonian model: Inanna­ Ishtar (sexuality/war) Fates to punish gods and means transgressions Nemesis: punishes excess(hybris) maintains the distance between gods and men Eris (Discord)
background image o Apple of discord: Eris not invited to wedding, brings gift to 
wedding(apple), for the most beautiful, main goddesses fight for apple bc 
they want to be most beautiful  Human is going to be judge of competition Eris’ children o Toil,pains,battles,fights,oath (punitive sense) The cycle of Nemesis o 1. The dysfunctional family of Chronos and Rhea Children as prospective rivals o 2. Chronos swallows them Reverse of birth process; trapped in father's body ( previously : 
trapped in mother’s womb; Earth + Sky)
o 3. The one that got away: Zeus, the youngest Zeus liberates the Cyclopes: the gift of his weapons ( thunderbolt, 
lightning)
1/24 Discussion Oronos, Earth , Eros, tatarus, nix Gyos (earth)  Tatarus far beneath the Earth Athena pops out of Zeus’s head Hephaestus is married to Aphrodite  o Aphrodite has an affair with Ares 1/25 Chronos disgorges Zeus fights and overpowers the titans with help of the 100­handers ( kottos, Briareos, 
Gyges)

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School: University of Oregon
Department: Classical Studies
Course: Classical Mythology
Term: Winter 2019
Tags:
Name: Week 3 notes
Description: These notes cover more of the titans and more characters in Classical Mythology
Uploaded: 01/25/2019
10 Pages 81 Views 64 Unlocks
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