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FSU - CLP - Abnormal Psychology Week 2 Notes - Class Notes

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FSU - CLP - Abnormal Psychology Week 2 Notes - Class Notes

School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Term: Spring 2019
Tags: Psychology, abnormal, assesments, and clinical
Name: Abnormal Psychology Week 2 Notes
Description: Covers: Assessments and Diagnosis, and Clinical Research
Uploaded: 01/25/2019
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background image III.  Assessments and Diagnosis   A. Assessments:  gathering information about symptoms and causes of symptoms. All of the  time it considers the broader picture such as family history or social history. We do this  constantly throughout treatment. Whenever diagnosis is the goal we use assessment. Also
whenever treatment is the goal we use assessment. Why? To find out what, if anything is 
wrong. And to see whether or not treatment is working. System cluster together to make 
syndromes. 
B. Validity vs. Reliability   a. Validity:  does a test measure the behavior, thought, or feeling that is supposed to  measure? It is accurate? b. Reliability:  does the test provide consistent info about behavior, thought, or  feelings. There are a few ways to test reliability: i. Test­retest : a measure yields similar results upon 2 or more  administrations.  ii. Alternate form : questions are slightly reworded or questions are presents  in a different order.  iii. Internal : test is split in half but both halves shows the same results.  iv. Interrater:  two people independently score the assessment and research  similar conclusions.  C. The Clinical Interview:  This is the “gold standard”. It is collaborative (between the  assessor and the person being interviewed). The client is the assessor on themselves and  the assessor assesses the diagnosis which is why it is collaborative. It is also 
comprehensive. It can take a long time, especially if there are a lot of symptoms. 
a. Structured vs. Unstructured:  there are a few pros and cons to the structured  approach: you can ask everyone the same questions. Cons are if someone is not  clear on what to say it could be putting words in their mouth. If you are only 
asking structured questions you can only be getting certain answers. 
D. Intelligence Testing : measure intellectual strengths and weaknesses. Measures fluid  thinking which is like abstract thinking. Useful for assessing: intellectual disability  (retardation), giftedness, learning disorders, and occupational aptitude. 
background image a. Pros: high validity in measuring some abilities. Predict sometimes job  performances. High reliability: norms are based on huge sample. b. Cons: are these the best things to measure? There is a cultural bias. They are time  consuming to minister and to get trained on. They also require well­trained 
assessors. 
E. Personality Inventories:  questionnaires meant to assess people’s typical ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving. These usually have a lot of questions (200­500). Really good at  telling high­functioning from low­functioning people. These also have cultural biases.  F. Projective Tests:  ambiguous picture or sentence stem. People are projecting their inner  state onto the stimulus. Problems with validity and reliability.  G. Behavior Observations:  clinician collects information by observing client. Very useful  with people with poor introspection (children, people with lower intellectual functioning).
Observer effects. 
a. Pros: it is a natural assessment. There is no interference. And there is no lies. No  Hawthorne Effect: people act differently when someone is observing.  b. Cons: reliability can be a problem because they are very subjective.  H. Self­Monitoring : Client collects data themselves. Can be done before treatment, during,  and after. You can see how much insite people have on themselves. Usually asks about 
the events and when it was happening. Also asks how they coped with it and the 
intensity. Extremely useful for behavior change. This will not give you full symptom info
and can also be very overwhelming
I. Symptom Questionnaire : usually get at a specific syndrome that the client may or may  not meet criteria for. Can get a lot of info very quickly. Good for a specific “slice” of  problems. You can not get a full diagnosis from these questionnaires.  J. Putting it all together : diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: codifies the  way symptoms cluster together into syndromes. This helps us get reliable diagnoses 
(More reliable).
a. Controversies: comorbidity­two disorders coexisting. Someone can have two  disorders at the same time. There is also the issue of cultural sensitivity. There  might be some disorders that exists in a culture but not in another one. Politics 

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School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Term: Spring 2019
Tags: Psychology, abnormal, assesments, and clinical
Name: Abnormal Psychology Week 2 Notes
Description: Covers: Assessments and Diagnosis, and Clinical Research
Uploaded: 01/25/2019
4 Pages 45 Views 36 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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