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GSU - NURS - NURS 2080 Concepts of Nursing Care - Class Notes

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background image Concepts of Nursing Care 
Week 1
Promote Health and Prevent Illness Promote Health o Identifying, analyzing, and maximizing each patient’s individual  strengths as components of preventing illness, restoring health, 
and facilitating coping with disability or death
o Primary: directed toward promoting health and preventing the  development of disease processes or injury Examples are immunization clinics, family planning 
services, poison-control information, and accident-
prevention education.
o Secondary: focus on screening for early detection of disease with prompt diagnosis and treatment of any found  Examples are assessing children for normal growth and 
development and encouraging regular medical, dental, and
vision examinations
o Tertiary: begins after an illness is diagnosed and treated, with the goal of reducing disability and helping rehabilitate patients to a 
maximum level of functioning
Examples include teaching a patient with diabetes how to 
recognize and prevent complications, using physical 
therapy to prevent contractures in a patient who has had a 
stroke or spinal cord injury, and referring a woman to a 
support group after removal of a breast because of cancer
Prevent Illness o Educational programs in areas such as prenatal care for pregnant women, smoking-cessation programs, and stress-reduction 
seminars
o Community programs and resources encouraging healthy  lifestyles o Literature, TV, radio, or Internet information on healthy diet,  exercise, and good health habits o Health assessments in institutions, clinics, and community  settings that identify areas of strength and risks for illness Restoring Health Performing assessments to identify illness/condition Referring questions and abnormal findings to other health care 
providers, as appropriate
Providing direct care to a person who is ill Collaborating with other health care providers in providing care Planning, teaching, and carrying out rehabilitation for illnesses such as 
heart attacks, arthritis, and strokes
background image Working in mental health and chemical-dependency program Facilitating and Coping with Disability and Death Maximizing person’s strengths and potentials o Patient teaching
o Referral to community support systems
Providing end-of-life care o Palliative and hospice programs ANA definition of Nursing Provision of a caring relationship that facilitates health and healing Attention to the range of human experiences and responses to health 
and illness within the patient’s physical and social environments
Integration of assessment data with knowledge gained from an 
appreciation of the patient or group’s subjective experience
Application of scientific knowledge to the processes of diagnosis and 
treatment through the use of judgment and critical thinking
Advancement of professional nursing knowledge through scholarly 
inquiry
Influence on social and public policy to promote social justice Assurance of safe, quality, and evidence-based practice  10 Guided Principles of Person-Centered Care All team members are considered caregivers. Care is based on continuous healing relationships. Care is customized and reflects patient needs, values, and choices.  Knowledge and information are freely shared between and among 
patients, care partners, physicians, and other caregivers.  
Care is provided in a healing environment of comfort, peace, and 
support.
Families and friends of the patient are considered an essential part of 
the care team.
Patient safety is a visible priority.   Transparency is the rule in the care of the patient.  All caregivers cooperate with one another through a common focus on 
the best interests and personal goals of the patient.   
The patient is the source of control for one’s care.  Three things make a professional Nurse: Personal attributes: know yourself and what your abilities are  Knowledge Base: use all of your knowledge that you have gathered Blended Competencies o Developing cognitive competencies. 
background image Developing the method of critical thinking: Purpose of thinking  Adequacy of knowledge Potential problems Helpful resources Critique of judgment/decision Developing the personal attributes to think critically o Developing interpersonal competencies: Promoting human dignity and respect Establishing caring relationships Enjoying the rewards of mutual exchange o Developing ethical/legal competencies.  Skills Needed Technical: working with equipment, performing procedures Interpersonal: establish caring relationship, respect, communication Ethical/Legal: accountability, practice guidelines and protocols Cognitive/Critical Thinking: decision making, reasoning, knowledge of 
facts
Question: match the following choices with the appropriate skill. “A client 
who has been admitted to the hospital for the treatment of a GI bleed 
requires a transfusion of packed red blood cells.”
1. Starting a new, large-gauge intravenous site on the client, and priming  the infusion tubing
Answer: Technical
2. Understanding the Rh system that underlies the client's blood type Answer: Cognitive 3. Ensuring that informed consent has been obtained and properly filed in the client's chart
Answer: Legal
4. Explaining the process that will be involved in preparing and  administering the transfusion.
Answer: Interpersonal
Quality Safe Evidence-based Nursing Competencies includes: Person centered care Teamwork and collaboration Evidence-based practice Quality improvement Safety Informatics Potential Errors in Decision Making

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School: Georgia State University
Department: Nursing and Health Science
Course: Concepts of Nursing Care
Term: Spring 2019
Tags: Nursing and NursingCare
Name: NURS 2080 Concepts of Nursing Care
Description: These notes cover what was important in class from her powerpoint in addition to what she said and questions she included.
Uploaded: 01/26/2019
11 Pages 134 Views 107 Unlocks
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School: Georgia State University
Department: Nursing and Health Science
Course: Concepts of Nursing Care
Term: Spring 2019
Tags: Nursing and NursingCare
Name: NURS 2080 Concepts of Nursing Care
Description: These notes cover what was important in class from her powerpoint in addition to what she said and questions she included.
Uploaded: 01/26/2019