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UT / Geography / GEOG 101 / What are some examples of state devolution?

What are some examples of state devolution?

What are some examples of state devolution?

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GEOGRAPHY 101 EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE


What are some examples of state devolution?



This study guide includes anything Dr. Norrell said was important over these chapters

WEEK 2: 

Different climate types:  

Type A: tropical or equatorial (South America, Central Africa, New  Zealand)  

Type B: dry or arid (Western United States, Northern and Southern  Arica, Australia)

Type C: moderate temperature (Eastern United States, SE South  America, SE Asia)

Type D: cold or continental (Canada and most of Russia)

Type E: polar extreme climates (Antarctica, Greenland, far North  Russia)

Ethnicity:

Traits that people are born with, things that do not change over time  (genetics, birthplace, and physicality)

Culture:  

Things that tend to change as a person grows and gets older. Culture  is based on things people learn and adopt into their ever day lives  (language, religion, customs, and traditions)  


What political and economic changes occurred in russia after the fall of communism?



WEEK 2 cont: 

Nation­State and Devolution: 

Political revolution that transformed Europe laid ground work for a sense of nationalism that began the transition to Nation­States. Dictatorship and Monarchial rule were  beginning to diminish with this revolution due to the increased amounts of treaties that  shifted power more towards the people instead of the royal. 

Nation­a group of people that share a same language, heritage, religion, and/or political  views

State­ refers to the government of a particular area Don't forget about the age old question of What is the most abundant dissolved element in seawater?

When both come together it is referred to as a Nation­State because most of the populace  shares the characteristics of a nation and has the same governmental views.

Devolution: “refers to the process whereby regions or people within a state demand  independence and autonomy at the central government’s expense” this refers to when an  ethnic group wants to separate from a larger state.


Who started ethnic cleansing in serbia?



Don't forget about the age old question of What is the function of a biological membrane?

Centrifugal and centripetal forces:

Centrifugal: are forces that pull/put negative pressure on a country

Centripetal: are forces that bring a nation together

table 2.9 in our book shows examples of both forces Language: Don't forget about the age old question of What are the 3 types of intermolecular forces?

Germanic language is found mainly in Northern Europe

Romance is Latin based and found in Southern Europe

Slavic is found primarily in Eastern Europe

Benelux Countries:

Some of the most densely populated countries, sitting right below sea level. They are collectively known as the Low Countries. There are many cultural differences among these countries, but  they have overcome them and excelled in creating a common economic objective. 

WEEK 3: 

Reforms in Europe after the fall of the Soviet Union: Communism to Democracy

Central Planning to Open Market

Government Control to Private Citizens

Soviet Union to European Union

Perestroika- allowing multiparty elections and encouraged  economic reform

Glasnost- societal openness  

Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, encouraged both of these  principals when he began to transition the Soviet Union into a  capitalist society, although his efforts were strong, the Soviet  Union still collapsed.  

Ethnic Cleansing by Serbia:  

After the Soviet Union collapsed and Tito died, the former Yugoslavia  began to break apart. Those two forces were the only thing keeping  Yugoslavia together and once both were gone, civil war broke out  between Serbia, Croatia, and Bosnia. This led to ethnic cleansing  initiated by the Serbs and the teaming up of Bosnia and Croatia to  stop Serbia. Now, the Balkan Islands are called the shatterbelt because of the conflicts that divided them.  We also discuss several other topics like What guest speaker noted that influencers are a great tool for brands on social?

WEEK 3 cont: 

Russian Borders: 

Ural Mountains and the Volga River are the most important boundaries because  they separate European Russia and Asian Russia Don't forget about the age old question of What are the parts of personality and how do they relate?

The Volga River is where the majority of the population lives. 

Southern border: Caucasus Mountains with Georgia and Azerbaijan

Black Sea and the Caspian Sea create natural boundaries on either side of the Caucasus  Mountains

Main borders with Eastern Europe are the countries of Ukraine and Belarus To the north, Russia borders Latvia, Estonia, Finland, and Norway

Pacific Ocean is to the east with the Bering Strait separating Russia from North America

Arctic Ocean creates the entire northern boundary of Russia stretching all the way from  Norway to Alaska

Governance Issues: 

Because of Russia’s massive size, it has always been difficult to govern for both the  Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. Both have had troubles with ethnic and cultural  quarrels

SUPER IMPORTANT: 

Outline of Russia’s Historical Geography 

21st century Russia is pseudo capitalist which replaced social, political, and economic system of  the communist era We also discuss several other topics like What are the different chemical processes?

During Putin’s “reign” the economy grew

After the USSR collapsed, Russia’s population began to decline rapidly, falling from 149 million to 143 million in 14 years

Life expectancy is between 50 & 60 because of alcoholism, pollution and other health  boundaries

After the economic collapse that followed the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia has began  rebounding by rebooting trade of natural resources with Europe and the rest of the world once  more

VIDEO NOTES: 

Trans-Siberian Railway:

Longest railway in the world

It runs from Moscow to Vladivostok, it is double tracked, and runs  through the Ural Mountains, Moscow, Beijing, and Vladivostok (which  are the most important cities because of their economic standing)  

European waterways:  

Mediterranean Sea, Baltic sea, and Atlantic Ocean act as outside  water borders for Europe

Rhine River divides France and Germany

Danube River flows from the Black Sea to Germany

Volga River runs west of the Ural Mountains and is the source of the  majority of water for European Russia, it is where the highest  concentration of Russians is located

Oresund Bridge was built on a continental shelf, it connects Sweden  and Denmark

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