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Towson - Geo 102 - Class Notes - Week 1

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Intro Chapter Notes 
5 Themes of Geography   1. Human Environment   2. Location  3. Place   4. Region   5. Movement   Geography ​- the science that studies the relationship and interdependence between natural  systems, geographic areas, society and cultural activities.   mental maps ​- allow you to navigate your activity space ( environment/surrounds) with  efficiency, predictability, and safety ​ (pg 4)   
Mapping Revolutions  
Cartography
​- process of making maps​ (pg6)  Geographic ​ Information System (GIS)- bringing geospatial data to a digital platform for  analyzation ​.(pg6)  ● Spatial Patterns 
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Geographers employ vocabulary like area, distance, directions, clustering, proximity, 
accessibility when referring to a space.  
 
Scale and Space  
Scale
​- representation of all or part of Earth’s surface @ at certain level of detail ( expressed as a  ratio).  ​(pg6)  ● Small scale - ratio between map distance and real-world distance 
● Operational scale- the scale  which social or natural processes operate.  
Geographic Realms ​- *global neighborhoods* (countries) each realm has its own traditional and  social attributes ​.(pg7)     ● 3 Main sets of criteria apply to all realms  (pg9)  1. Physical & Human  
background image - ex. South America is physically and continent that comprises comparable societes         2.   Functional   - Geographic realms are the result of natural environments and human interaction ex: 
farms, mines, fishing ports, transport routes, dams, bridges, villages etc ( Antarctica is not 
a geographic realm) 
      3.   Historical  - Geographic realms are generally defined on the basis of physical features, but they are 
also the  product of historical evolution.  
 
Boundaries & Transition Zones  
● Oceans and seas are the most common natural boundaries of the world’s realms   Transition zones ​- where  geographic realms meet ​(pg9)  ● The world's geographic realms can be divided into 2 categories.   (pg9)  1. Monocentric realms -  territory or populated controlled by government   - Ex: North America ( United States), Middle America ( Mexico), East Asia (China)         2.   Polycentric- the organization of realms are controlled by equal power of countries.   - Ex: Europe, Sub Saharan Africa  Regions Within Realms  Region ​- the organization of countries within realms​. (pg10)  ● Criteria for Regions   1. Area- the space they occupy on Earth   2. Boundaries- physical or imaginary indications of separate space   3. Location- name of region   4. Homogeneity - regions that can be identified by sameness.   Absolute location ​- coordinates on a map​ (pg10)  Relative Location ​- its location in reference to surrounding regions ​(pg10)  Formal regions- ​ region can be measured and identified by sameness ​(pg10)  Spatial Systems ​- regions defined by the way they operate.​ Pg 10 

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School: Towson University
Department: Geography
Course: World Regional Geography
Professor: Professor Strong
Term: Spring 2019
Tags: geography
Name: Intro Chapter Notes.
Description: World Regional Geography: A Global Perspective
Uploaded: 01/28/2019
4 Pages 43 Views 34 Unlocks
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School: Towson University
Department: Geography
Course: World Regional Geography
Professor: Professor Strong
Term: Spring 2019
Tags: geography
Name: Intro Chapter Notes.
Description: World Regional Geography: A Global Perspective
Uploaded: 01/28/2019