School: University of California Riverside
Department: Evolutionary Anthropology
Course: Cultural Anthropology
Term: Winter 2019
Tags: Anthro, Anthropology, Introd to Cul Anthro, Introduction to Cultural Anthropology, Culture, Cultural, sociolinguistics, and Language
Name: ANTH001 Class Notes w3
Description: Notes on the relationship between culture & power, and notes on language.
Unformatted text preview: AN 23 Notes I pefining Culture Adoes not have set traits Culture is dynamialwe Inculturation def) : learn - authority ents ware of 1. Norms (def) Our work nd? ure is dynamis, always evolving borrowing ideas B eople can con test norms they don't agree w/ Learned in formal informal situations ration (def) learning how to think how to act Culture is symbolic material as (def): ideas or rules about how people should behave in certain situations toward certain people valves (def) beliefs about what is important; what makes a good life, what is true 4) They are abstract things can vary across cultures 2. Symbols (def) anything that represents something else 4. Mental maps (def) : classifications of what kinds of people things exist assigning meaning to those classifications I. How the concept of Culture Developed Over Time A Early evolutionary frameworks 1. People believed in Unilinear evolution from less evolved to more evolved a) Start off primative, evolve to become more western European B.American Historical Particularism 1. Cultures develop because of unique histories 2. Looks @ cultures in broader historical context 5. Practices are adapted to the places they developed C. British Structural Functionalism Examines how structures function to keep system balanced a) Things come together to perpetuate culture Culture Meaning 1. Interpretivist approach a) People look @ the same behavior, but interpret it diffcently 2. "Thick description" : experiencing fieldwork helps understand cultural context Culture Power Power (def) : the ability to bring about change through action or influence Reflects stratistication inequalities 2. Ex: consider cultural institutionsagreement D. Hedgemony (def): power to create consent w/in a population w/o the use of threat or force 1. "I should be doing that" a) Don't know where the compulsion came from 2. EX: Western Standards of beauty C. Human agency (def) free will, agency, Contestation 1. Brings social change 2. Contest big ideas V. Nature vs Nuture A Human beings are 99.9% identical All humans have the same biological needs D Epigenetics 1. Epigenetics is a biocultural approach to anthropology 2. Epigenetics (def) : examines the way the enviorment one was born into affects genes a) Factors determine how much or whether genes are expressed 3. Genome (def) : all of an organism's hereditary info 4. Markers may change in response to nutrition, stress, disease or social inequality 4) These can be inherited across generationsJAN 25 Notes 1. what is Language A Language (def) a system of communication that uses symbols, such as words, Sounds' gestures, organized according to certain rules Language, Culture Thought A.2 major lines of thought 1. Noam Chomsky a) Believed all humans Share similar language ability, so we have similar ways of thinking b) Human brain is hardwired for language 2. Sapir. Whorf Hypothesis a) Language creates different ways of thinking b) Language classifies the world c) Hopi tribe 1) 2 tenses combined for past present, seperate for future 2) Hopi have different construction of time Language, Culture Power A. Sociolinguistics 1. Sociolingustics (def) : the study of ways culture shapes language language Shapes culture 2. Intersection of language w/ cultural categories 1 systems of power D. Due to westernization, many people speak English 1.8 languages spoken by 40% of humanity 2. Losing indigenous languages Standard Version of language Spelling, pronunciation gramar are codified ?: Standard Version of language is a statement of power 2. Prestige language is associated w/ wealth, success, education power E.Dialect 1. Dialect (def) - non standard version of a language a) Must have a standard version to have a dialect