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MSU - FNH - Study Guide

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MSU - FNH - Study Guide

School: Mississippi State University
Department: Nutrition and Food Sciences
Course: Indiv & Family Nutri
Term: Spring 2019
Tags:
Name: FNH Test 1
Description: These notes cover what's mostly going to be on the next exam.
Uploaded: 01/31/2019
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background image Optimal nutrition-refers to the best possible nourishment for children o Nutrients-substances found in foods that are essential
o Nutrition-relationship b/w nutrients found in foods and their influence 
on the body o Also involve eating food that provide: Phytochemicals: natural compounds found in plants that may 
protect against disease and support good health
Antioxidants: natural compounds found in plants that may 
protect cells from damage, decrease risk of cancer
Hungry-free Kids Act-2010: provides additional funding to improve access to 
healthy foods 
Malnutrition-imbalance of one or more vital nutrients in the diet that support 
appropriate growth and development, results in:
o Undernutrition: not consuming enough protein, calories or other  nutrients Insufficient calorie intake resulting in  Failure to thrive: when growth rate slows down and comes
to a halt
Iron deficiency common among children in the US Vitamin D deficiency: may cause rickets Programs addressing undernutrition: National School Lunch Program School Breakfast Program Child and Adult Care Food Program Summer Food Service Program Fresh Fruit Vegetable Program o Overnutrition: compromised well being by excessive calorie  consumption compared to calories needed for growth and activity Obesity consequences Heart risk Cancer risk Gastrointestinal risk Lungs risk Orthopedic risk Mental risk Food insecurity: lack of access to enough food to prevent hunger at all times 
due to lack of financial resources
Dietary reference intakes: assess diets for adequate nutrient levels, lists daily
estimated nutrient requirements, forms the basis for diet recommendations 
made by health and government authorities
Nutrients o Macronutrients: needed in large amounts, provides fuel/energy, supply  food energy measured as calories, used as energy for physical activity 
and repair and replacement of cells
Proteins 4 cals per gram (building blocks for other nutrients) Necessary for growth and repair
background image Control body functions Can be used for energy if necessary Break down into amino acids and categorized as needed: o Essential amino acids o Nonessential amino acids o Conditionally essential amino acids Carbohydrates 4 cals per gram Provide body's most abundant source of energy Found in grains, fruits, vegetables, milk products, and 
sweets
Types: o Sugars (monosaccharides and disaccharides)
o Complex carbohydrates
Starch Dietary fiber (insoluable fiber, soluable fiber) Fats 9 cals per gram Provide essential fatty acids that can only be obtained 
from the diet
Help control inflammation and blood clotting Are important in promoting good vision and maintaining a 
healthy immune system
Types of dietary fat: o "Good" fats (polyunsaturated fats and  monounsaturated fats) o "Bad" fats (saturated fats and trans fatty acids) o Micronutrients: needed in smaller amounts, needed to utilize the  energy found in macronutrients, helps transport oxygen, fight 
infections, prevent chronic disease
Vitamins: essential to process and use energy from the 
consumed proteins, carbohydrates and fats
Water soluble (Vitamin B and C): cannot be stored in body
and must be consumed daily
Fat soluble (Vitamin A, D, E, K): dissolve in fat and stored 
in body until needed
Minerals Originate from Earth Initiate and regulate process w/in the body Are part of the body structures (bone and teeth) o Groups  macrominerals mircrominerals o Water Regulates body temperature through perspiration Transport nutrients and oxygen as a component of blood Helps all chemical reactions of the body Helps remove waste products from the body

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School: Mississippi State University
Department: Nutrition and Food Sciences
Course: Indiv & Family Nutri
Term: Spring 2019
Tags:
Name: FNH Test 1
Description: These notes cover what's mostly going to be on the next exam.
Uploaded: 01/31/2019
5 Pages 68 Views 54 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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