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UGA - CLAS - Study Guide

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UGA - CLAS - Study Guide

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background image Myth- a traditional story about gods or heroes (mythos=story) 
Pantheon- all the gods 
Anthropomorphism- human shaped, gods were shown in this way 
Hesiod- a poet, wrote Theogony and Works and Days 
9 Muses- daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne/Memory 
Mt. Helicon 
3 Graces- Love, Beauty, Festivity 
Chaos/Chasm- in the beginning, there was the chasm 
Cosmos- brought order to the universe 
Gaia- Mother Earth 
Tartarus- hell/underworld 
Eros- Cupid 
Erebus- darkness, shadow, Gaia’s brother 
Aether- light, Gaia’s brother 
Ouranos/Uranus- Sky, father of the Titans 
12 Titans, 3 Cyclopes, 3 100-handers- children of Earth and Ouranos 
Neurus- Sea 
Nemesis- attacks those who are arrogant to the gods 
Nereids- nymphs 
Iris- rainbow goddess 
Hecate- sorcery and witchcraft goddess 
Rhea and Cronus/Saturn 
Metis- mother of Athena, oceanid 
Leto- mother of Apollo and Artemis, daughter of Phoebe and Kois 
Maia- Zeus’ cousin, mother of Hermes 
Atlas- holds up the earth, son of Gaia and Ouranos 
Prometheus- creator of humanity, chained to a mountain so an eagle can eat his liver every day 
by Zeus 
Epimetheus- brother of Prometheus, means afterthought 
Pandora- woman created by gods to punish humans 
River Styx- sacred river to the gods, they swore oaths on this river and if they broke them they 
had to sleep without moving (death) for a year 
Titanomachy- battle between Olympians and Titans 
Typhaeon- husband of Echidna, revolts against Zeus, has 100 heads 
Themis- Titan, Zeus’ aunt, mom of law, justice, peace, 3 Fates, Horai 
Horai- 4 seasons 
3 Fates- decide when everyone’s life begins and ends, Clotho, Lachesis, Atropos 
Hebe- cupbearer for the gods, served ambrosia 
Eileithyia 
Pathogenesis- Hera gives birth to Hephaestus by herself, single-sex reproduction 
Chthonic- underground monsters (Echidna, Typhaeon, Medusa) 
Triton- Poseidon’s son 
Helios- sun god 
background image Asclepius- Apollo’s son, god of medicine, disease, and healing, carries snake staff 
Olympians- know who each of their parents are!- see Clas 1020 Notes 2 
● Zeus/Jupiter/Jove- king of the gods, associated with lightning, justice 
● Poseidon/Neptune- king of the sea 
● Hades/Pluto- god of the underworld, husband of his niece Persephone 
● Hera/Juno- queen of the gods, 
● Demeter/Ceres- grain goddess 
● Hestia/Vesta- no myths, goddess of home and hearth 
● Aphrodite/Venus- goddess of love and sexuality, cheats on Hephaestus with Ares 
● Ares/Mars- war god 
● Athena/Minerva- wisdom, warrior goddess 
● Apollo- sun god, head of 9 Muses, reason 
● Artemis/Diana- goddess of hunting and virginity 
● Hephaestus/Vulcan- blacksmith god, Ugly and lame 
● Hermes/Mercury- messenger god 
● Dionysus/Liber- wine god, celebration 
Persephone- daughter of Demeter, Hade’s kidnapped niece-wife 
4 Panhellenic games- Olympic (Zeus), Isthmian at Corinth (Poseidon), Pythian at Delphi 
(Apollo), Nemean (Zeus) 
Five Ages of Man- Gold, Silver, Bronze, Heroes, and Iron 
Hawk and Nightingale- tale representing fate is inevitable and life is hard, no one can fight 
against someone more powerful 
Perseus- killed Medusa, son of Zeus and Danae 
Great Dionysia in Athens- the festival of theater for Dionysus 
Thespis- playwright 
Machina, skene, proscenium, cavea, orchestra, prologue, parados, episodes, stasima, (strophe 
and antistrophe), kommos, exodos 
Protagonist- main sufferer 
Catharsis- pity and fear 
Hubris- arrogant pride 
Hamartia- fault, crime, sin 
Anagnorisis- recognition 
Peripetia- reversal 
Aeschylus- playwright 
● Prometheus trilogy- heroic wily trickster, savior of human race 
● Hephaestus- forged adamantine chains to tie Prometheus up 
● Io ravaged by Zeus as a cloud, turned into a cow 
● Lo Bosphorus- named after Io, her crossing place to flee Hera 
● Argus- guards Io, has 100 eyes, ghost is a gadfly 
● Hermes- kills Argus 
● Thetis- destined to have a son greater than Zeus if he marries her 
Ovid  ● Metamorphoses- creation-Julius Ceaser, love poetry 

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School: University of Georgia
Department: Classical Studies
Course: Classical Mythology
Professor: John Nicholson, Robert Harris
Term: Spring 2019
Tags:
Description: Myth- a traditional story about gods or heroes (mythos=story) Pantheon- all the gods Anthropomorphism- human shaped, gods were shown in this way Hesiod- a poet, wrote Theogony and Works and Days 9 Muses- daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne/Memory Mt
Uploaded: 01/31/2019
5 Pages 77 Views 61 Unlocks
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