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Tulane - ANTH - Class Notes - Week 3

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Tulane - ANTH - Class Notes - Week 3

School: Tulane University
Department: Evolutionary Anthropology
Course: Bioarchaeology of Mummies
Term: Spring 2019
Tags: bioarchaeology, Mummies, Egypt, and Mummification
Name: Bioarchaeology of Mummies Week 3 Notes
Description: These notes cover historic mummy cases and methods of studying mummies. These notes also include the my notes and analyses of all the assigned readings.
Uploaded: 02/04/2019
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background image Bioarchaeology of Mummies Week 3 Notes 1/28/19 • Continuing the tradition • Joseph Stalin (1878-1953) • 1953-62: displayed next to Lenin
• 1962: buried
• Ho Chi Minh
• Mao Zedong
• Eva Perón (1919-1952)
• embalmed twice; construction go huge monument begins
• body is seized by military in 1955 after overthrow of Juan Perón
• 1957: secretly shipped to Italy, buried in Milan
• 1971: body taken to Perón’s home in Spain
• 1974: laid to rest next to Juan Perón
• 1976: body buried by family in Buenos Aires
• *common threads • political use of bodies: long history that has continued into modern times
• Lenin and Perón didn’t want to be preserved
• trend continues, but maybe not forever
• Modern mummies: modern anatomical prep. and renewed debate on display, etc. • Bodyworlds (1995) • Gunther von Hagens- plastination • plastination- replacement of water and fats by plastic to preserve animal or plant tissue • embalming (formaldehyde)
• replacement of body fluids by acetone
• forced impregnation by plastics
• hardening
• platinates for teaching anatomy • 3D
• have organs
• education the public • fascination of authenticity • source of bodies • donated bodies specifically for plastination
• unclaimed bodies
• old anatomical collections
• Dalian University in China (Institute of Plastination)
• Bodies (2005)
• continuing issues
• Maori tattooed heads from New Zealand on display (trophies and ancestors) 1/30/19 • Mummies: methods of study • general issues • permissions
• museum/lab infrastructure
background image Bioarchaeology of Mummies Week 3 Notes • *conservation
• curation/long term care
• what will happen with the mummy? • first step: non-destructive imaging (plain film x-rays or CT scans); external exam and  measurements • second step: before body can be examined, burial shrouds and other textiles must be  removed
• *shifting of mummies may occur
• anatomical dissection/autopsy • “the Gold Standard”
• purpose/selection
• extent: how thorough?
• critiques
• display/conservation issues
• ethical issues
• alternatives • endoscopy: visualization of internal cavities and sampling of tissue
• minimally destructive sampling
• autopsy methods must be adapted to mummies • positioning=challenging • dissection procedure depends on mummy • dry mummies (saw and chisel)
• wet mummies/bog bodies (scalpels)
• freeze-dried=Iceman (must be defrosted)
• dissection • challenges=recognizing organs
• instruments (Aufderheide’s field dissection kit)
• collected samples (whirlpack bags)
• don’t blow into sample bag or put hair in cotton
1/31/19 Atherosclerosis in ancient Egyptian mummies Reading Notes
• whole body, multislice computed tomography
• 52 mummies
• ID cardiovascular structures and arterial calcifications
• almost half ID mummies had def. or prob. atherosclerosis
• earliest documentation found: 1550-1580 BCE
• *huge disease burden in 21st c.
• multifactorial etiology
• *study uses CT as nondestructive
• adult mummies from multiple historical eras
• bio. anth.: sex, age at death and specific age
• contemporary CT images with atherosclerosis used for comparison
• accepted risk factor applied to mummies > 40 y.o.
• 1981 BCE-364 CE
• 25 mummies had high SES (10 priests/priestesses)
• mummies with definition or prob. atherosclerosis= older

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School: Tulane University
Department: Evolutionary Anthropology
Course: Bioarchaeology of Mummies
Term: Spring 2019
Tags: bioarchaeology, Mummies, Egypt, and Mummification
Name: Bioarchaeology of Mummies Week 3 Notes
Description: These notes cover historic mummy cases and methods of studying mummies. These notes also include the my notes and analyses of all the assigned readings.
Uploaded: 02/04/2019
6 Pages 70 Views 56 Unlocks
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  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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