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UCLA - CHICANO 10 - week 4 chicanos - Class Notes

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UCLA - CHICANO 10 - week 4 chicanos - Class Notes

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background image Week 4 
Lecture Notes 
 
● Chapters 4 and 5: In defense of Mexico lindo 
● The rise of cultural nationalism:
​ for mexican immigrants, nationalism lied in their  attachment to homeland, to mexico  ● for many mexican americans they did not have as easy a time finding a nationalist  identity in 30s/40s  ● Eventually, the chicano movement helped create a sense new and mestizo nationalism  
● The rise of mexico lindo: 
​early revolutionary migrants crafted an identity of mexico lindo  drawing on cultural symbols of the homeland   ● Eventually the identity and nationalism spread to colonias across the southwest  
● Nationalism becomes an important response to discrimination and civil rights abuses 
and slowly created a sense of commonality  ● The spread of mexico lindo nationalism: ​ segregation and discrimination were rampant  across the southwest and midwest  ● Mutual aid societies or hometown associations created linkages of people of mexican  ancestry  across race, class, generation divide   ● Communities often settled in the US in relation to their hometown or state in mexico  
● While within region alliance was strong, these associations also led to a stronger sense 
of self defense and nationalism for all mexicans in the us   ● In the early 1920s there was a collective movement to stop/reduce the negative portrayal  of mexicans in the media   ● La opinion in Los Angeles became a leading voice  
● Criminal justice and capital punishment  
● Individuals and mexican ancestry were at heightened risk of execution, alongside 
Blacks, across the southwest   ● Struggles against capital punishments became a unifying effort in colonias and raised  nationalism   ● Spanish-language newspapers were strong opponents of capital punishment  
● Americanization and schools  
● School segregation was a significant challenge to most mexican communities in the U.S. 
●  1st pushed to “Americanize” spanish speakers, segregation continued for bilingual 
students   ● A strong tradition of desegregation existed in Mexican communities across the  southwest    ● Tempe 1925; Lemon Grove, CA 1930) 
● Mexico lindo and the Great depression  
● The great depression nearly wiped out Mexico Lindo general mobilization efforts 
● Almost all efforts focused on food drives and general plight of the homeless 
● Despite considerable and fewer resources during this era, the sense of solidarity and 
nationalism persisted  ● Mexico Lindo roots of Chicano Movement  
background image ● Mexican AMericanization gained ground by the 1930s and---  
● The chicano movement ideologies of the 1960s, in essence, shared the nationalist 
ideology of their Mexico Lindo grandparents and the passion for equal rights as citizens 
of the U.S, which their parents had taught them  
● Organizing el México de Afuera  
● Mexican government involvement in trying to shape mexico de afuera served to plant 
strong seeds of cultural affinity and national pride   ● 1928 the foreign minister issued a report outlining the mistreatment of Mexicans in the  U.S.  ● The typical response from the U.S was to brush Mexico aside, but the pressure was  important  ● The roles of Mexican consuls  
● Mexican consults across the U.S. provided assistance, legal services, and nationalism  
● During the revolutionary period consul offices were also political and often took sides  
● Post- carranza and post WW1 the Mexican consults expanded and became more 
important in providing services and protections to Mexicans abroad   ● Impacts on citizenships  
● Because of the lack of legal representation and services in the U.S. many mexicans 
registered with consuls to maintain Mexican citizenship   ● It was seen as their only viable option for rights and representation, including of their  children   ● U.S discouraged naturalization  
● Resulting in a legacy of avoiding full naturalization  
● Organizing el México de Afuera 
● Mexican Ministry of Education set up a system of escuelitas across the Southwest to 
provide educational services to those excluded   ● Mexican consuls often worked with Anglo and Mexican American attorneys to defend  immigrants   ● Created exposure to civil rights legal experience for the next generation of chicano  lawyers   ● Mexico de afuera during the depression  
● During the great depression the mexican government felt the need to cooperate in the 
repatriation of mexicans in the U.S   ● However support for relocation to one's hometown varied dramatically and most  immigrants were left in northern Mexico near the border  ● The bracero program  
● Mexican labor conditions were deplorable  
● High needs for mexican labor following the world war  
● Mexican government negotiated the Bracero Program in 1942 to promote better labor, 
working, living conditions   ● Guaranteed living conditions, food, minimum wage, equal rights  
● From 40k per year to 200k to 400k per year  
● Braceros were eventually contracted by U.S government, not employers 

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School: University of California - Los Angeles
Department: Chicana and Chicano Studies
Course: Chicano/ a 10B
Professor: G.T. Lauren
Term: Winter 2019
Tags: Chicano Studies
Name: week 4 chicanos
Description: lecture notes, book summaries week 4 including discussion notes
Uploaded: 02/04/2019
5 Pages 63 Views 50 Unlocks
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