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Purdue - HDFS 22000 - Class Notes - Week 5

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Purdue - HDFS 22000 - Class Notes - Week 5

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background image 2/4 social development in infancy part A
Communicating with others
To be effective, one needs to  o Take turns alternating between speaking and listening 
o Construct a clear message 
o Listen well 
Emotions  Feelings  Physiological reactions  Cognitions (thoughts)  Goals Basic emotions universal emotions such as joy, anger, fear, interest, 
disgust, distress, sadness and surprise 
Positive emotions Birth- reflects contentment  2 months- social smiles  3-6 months- big social smiles  6-7 months- more selective with smiles  Negative emotions  Anger and sadness increase by 6 months of ager o Cognitive abilities growing
o React to goals 
Fear  6-7  months of age  Stranger wariness/anxiety  o Wary/fretful reaction to being approached by unfamiliar person  Separation anxiety o Fretful reaction when separated from persons to whom they are  attached 2/6 Social development in infancy part B  Theory of mind children’s understanding about others thoughts, beliefs, 
intentions and behavior 
Understanding intention, desires, and understanding that others have 
different thoughts and beliefs
Understanding desires 12 months-infants understand someone looking with positive face at 
object as desire
14 months – give own preference  10 months- give experimenters preference 
background image Understanding intention  Requires knowledge that mental states guide action  14 months- differentiate intentional from accidental acts Temperament patterns of arousal and emotionally that are consistent and 
enduring characteristics of an individual 
Refers how children behave as opposed to what they do or why they do
Displays differences in general disposition from birth due to genetic 
Tends to be fairly stable well into adolescence  o Activity level
o Approach/withdrawal
o Quality of mood
Categorizing temperament Babies can be described according to one of several temperament 
o Easy babies
o Difficult babies
o Slow-to-warm babies 
o Inconsistently categorized babies
Regulating emotions  Emotional self-regulation capacity to control emotions and to adjust 
emotional arousal to an appropriate level of intensity to achieve one’s 
Involves managing  o Feelings 
o Physiological responses 
o Emotional-related cognitions and behavior 
6-12 months  start to initiate self-regulation  18-24months  try to control the actions of people or objects; better at 
distracting themselves 
24 months+ use cognitive strategies; talk about emotions  Emotional codes of conduct  Emotional display rulesculturally defined rules specifying which 
emotions should or shouldn’t be expressed under which circumstances 
Involves hiding true feelings as well as faking false feelings  Starts around 3 years  School age- becomes increasingly aware of display rules  Temperamental differences in response to stimuli and in regulation 

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School: Purdue University
Department: Human Development
Course: Human Development in Children
Professor: Andrzej Thomas J Moffett
Term: Spring 2019
Name: HDFS 210 weekly notes
Description: weekly notes will be on exam!!
Uploaded: 02/06/2019
6 Pages 49 Views 39 Unlocks
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