Culture and Gender thru Film EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE The Anthropological Perspective
Readings: *Abu-Lughod, "Do Muslim Women Really Need
Films: Hijabi World
Kottak: Chapter 1
According to Kottak (Chapter 1), people share SOCIETY - organized life in groups - with other animals, including baboons, wolves, and even ants, but culture is more distinctly human.
According to Kottak (Chapter 1), as human history has unfolded, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL means of adaptation have become increasingly important.
According to Kottak (Chapter 1), CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY is the subfield that describes, analyzes, interprets, and explains social and cultural similarities and differences.
According to Abu-Lughod, after the events of September 11, 2001, a focus on the "culture" of the Middle East and particularly its religious beliefs and treatment of women: artificially divided the world into separate spheres - West versus East, us versus Muslims, cultures in which First Ladies give speeches versus others where women shuffle around silently in burqas, avoided the history of development of repressive regimes in the region and the U.S. role in that history, prevented the serious exploration of the roots of human suffering in the region
According to Abu-Lughod, which of the following is NOT true of veiling among Muslim women in Afghanistan? veiling stands for a lack of agency: it is a public sign that women are not free Don't forget about the age old question of allan carlsen
According to Abu-Lughod, Western feminists and other supporters of women in Afghanistan should: accept the possibility of difference
The Concept of Culture
Readings: “Shakespeare in the Bush” by Bohannon, “On the Phenomenon of Bullshit Jobs” by Graeber
Films: The Pearl Button (watch second half at home)
Kottak: Chapter 2
According to Kottak (Chapter 2), our own cultural learning depends on the uniquely developed human capacity to use SYMBOLS, signs that have no necessary or natural connection to the things they stand for or signify.
According to Kottak (Chapter 2), the nuclear family, a kinship groups consisting of parents and children, is an example of: A GENERALITY
Don't forget about the age old question of exam 2 win
According to Kottak (Chapter 2), the term GLOBALIZATION encompasses a series of processes working to promote change in a world in which nations and people are increasingly interlinked and mutually dependent.
In "Shakespeare in the Bush," which of Shakespeare's plays does Bohannan attempt to tell the Tiv men in the homestead. HAMLET
Among the Tiv people, who is expected to marry a man's widow and become the father of his children? (Much to Bohannan's dismay, this custom eliminated one of the most important elements of the play.) A YOUNGER BROTHER If you want to learn more check out uf fycs
According to the Tiv people, what is the cause of the madness of the main character in the play? WITCHCRAFT
According to Graeber, the usual explanation - the standard line - for why technological advances did not deliver the promised utopia of the 15-hour work week is that Keynes did not factor in: THE GROWTH OF CONSUMERISM
According to Graeber, the greatest increase in (pointless) jobs has been in: THE ADMINISTRATIVE SECTOR If you want to learn more check out How do genes we inherit and a wide range of environments shape our development?
According to Graeber, if capitalist economics cannot explain why there are so many bullshit jobs, what does? the ruling class benefits from the feeling that work is a moral value in itself, the ruling class benefits from the idea that anyone not willing to submit themselves to some kind of intense work discipline for most of their waking hours deserves nothing, the ruling class has figured out that a happy and productive population with free time on their hands is a mortal danger Don't forget about the age old question of pfw finals schedule
Readings: "Eating Christmas in the Kalahari" by Lee,
"The Uses of 'Ex-centricity'" by Comaroff
Films: District 9 (watch second half at home), Off the Verandah (Australian Natives history) Kottak: Chapter 3
According to Kottak (Chapter 3), which of the following is NOT a field technique in anthropology? LABORATORY EXPERIMENTS
According to Kottak (Chapter 3), THE GENEALOGICAL METHOD is a well-established ethnographic technique to deal with the complexities of kinship, descent, and marriage by using a system of notations and symbols.
According to Kottak (Chapter 3), who is considered to be the founder of ethnography? Bronislaw Malinowski
In "Eating Christmas in the Kalahari," what gift does Lee try to give his Juhoansi hosts for Christmas? AN OX
In "Eating Christmas in the Kalahari," how do the Juhoansi people react to Lee's gift? THEY COMPLAIN THAT IT IS TOO MEAGER TO PROVIDE FOR THE GROUP
In "Eating Christmas in the Kalahari," which of the following is NOT a lesson that Lee learns? in an economy based on sharing, one totally generous act per year is sufficient Don't forget about the age old question of interdependence alveoli
In "The Uses of Ex-centricity," in a review of what film does Comaroff argue for the importance of ex-centric perspectives in any quest for critical self-understanding? DISTRICT 9
In "The Uses of Ex-centricity," according to Comaroff, which of the following is NOT similar to the concept of alienation? IDEOLOGY
In "The Uses of Ex-centricity," Comaroff compares which of the following to ethnography? boundary-crossing and exile, H.G. Wells' War of the Worlds, science fiction
Documentary and Ethnographic Film
Readings: "Defining the Documentary" by Aufderheide,
"Manufacturing Vision" by Tomas
Films: Nanook of the North (comedy documentary), Man with a Movie Camera (silent film) and compare both to each other
Kottak: Chapter 9 “Religion”
According to Kottak (Chapter 9), MANA is a sacred impersonal force existing in the universe, which can reside in people, animals, plants, and objects.
According to Kottak (Chapter 9), LIMINALITY is the opposite of "normal social life," a ritual state characterized by homogeneity, communitas, equality, and the minimization of distinctions?
According to Kottak (Chapter 9), in peasant communities, people who stand out economically, especially if they seem to be benefitting at the expense of others, often face accusations of WITCHCRAFT. In this case, the accusations reduce status differences and bring standouts in line with community norms - they are a form of social control.
According to Aufderheide, which of the following is NOT true of documentary film? viewers of documentary film demand that the things they are told be portrayed objectively and that they are the complete truth
According to Aufderheide, who coined the term documentary? John Grierson
According to Aufderheide, documentary film conventions: command attention, facilitate storytelling, and share a maker's perspective with audiences, disguise the assumptions that makers bring to the project, include narrative structure
In "Manufacturing Vision," Tomas structures much of his article around which of the following anthropological concepts? RITE OF PASSAGE
According to Tomas, which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the kino-eye? the kino-eye copies the work of the human eye
According to Tomas, Vertov's vision of documentary film is closely associated with: POETRY The Eagle Huntress: Cultural Appropriation (week of exam)
Readings: "The Eagle Huntress: how a Mongolian teenager..." by *Patterson, "Teenage 'Eagle Huntress' Overturns 2000 Years of..." by *King,
"Is the Eagle Huntress really a documentary?" by *Mulvey,
Films: The Eagle Huntress