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UCLA - CHICANO 10 - week 5 notes - Class Notes

Created by: Nicole Elite Notetaker

UCLA - CHICANO 10 - week 5 notes - Class Notes

School: University of California - Los Angeles
Department: Chicana and Chicano Studies
Course: Chicano/ a 10B
Professor: G.T. Lauren
Term: Winter 2019
Tags: Chicano Studies
Name: week 5 notes
Description: lecture notes from week 5
Uploaded: 02/11/2019
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background image ● Following the march, the NWFA merged with AWOC and ame under the auspices of the  AFL-CIO and call their new union United Farm Workers (UFW)   ● This allowed them to win a decisive union election with Di Giorgio grape growers in 1966  
● They now targeted more growers and their grape boycott went national  
●  Grape growers imported non-union workers 
● Unionists were frustrated, engaged in violence 
● Chavez embarked on a hunger strike which gained national attention and brought 
widespread support   ● Robert F. Kennedy met with Chavez on the final day of the strike, the leading contender  for president   ●  Boycott committees reinforced the grape boycott  
● By 1970 the largest producer, Giumarra gave in  
● UFW demanded all grape producers agree 
●  COmpeting union the Teamsters was undercutting the UFW and negotiating bad deals, 
just for power  ● UFW called for a lettuce boycott, and Teamsters supported a anti-boycott initiative Prop  22   ● Next UFW targeted Julio Gallo Wineries, Teamsters largest contract, with second march  to Sacramento   ● CA Gov Jerry Brown signed  
● In quest of a homeland : 
● While the UFW leaned more on non-violence, and public events to gather empathy 
● Other Chicano activists wanted to take a more aggressive approach  
● Reis Lopez Tijerina in New Mexico created a movement to regain lost or stolen land 
●  Based on the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which guaranteed Mexicans all the 
rights of citizens  ● Rights to property, right to cultural institutions  
● The idea that Anglo-America had violated the spirit of the treaty became an organizing 
principle of the Chicano Movement  ● Tijerina movement was militant, bold and had the goal of establishing an independent  community   ● Basis was that community and culture were rooted in land that stayed in family  possession  ● Land grants were honored going back to spanish rule in which villages were self-  governed around a system of land plots and central plazas   ● Tijerina gre up as a migrant farm worker from Texas eventually became a Pentecostal  revivalist  ● Moved to Northern New Mexico and became charismatic leader of the land grant  movement US   ● Forest service slowly started acquiring more and more land in New Mexico  
● Tijerina grew the cause into a civil rights movement  
● Tijerina hosted large civil rights rallies and conferences that featured Chicano movement 
activists  
background image ● Early on Tijerina followed UFW methods: 
● March from ABQ to Santa Fe July 1966 
● However NM government completely dismissed Tijerina claims  
● Oct 1966 they occupied an original land grant in Kit Carson national forest  
● Armed occupation kicked out park rangers 
● After winter, increased events included fires, property damage, theft, sabotage  
● Federal and Local government cracked down significantly to block Tijerina 
● Alianza planned an event in May, but they were intercepted and 8 group members 
arrested   ● June 5 they led an armed takeover of the Rio Arriba Courthouse to free their comrades 
● Resulted in hostages being taken, and escaping to the mountains where the acting 
Governor dispatched 400 national guards to find them   ● Tijerina eventually served 2 years in jail, but became a legend in the Chicano Movement  
● Tijerina was invited by MLK to the Poor People’s March on Washington 
● Despite King assassination (april 4) the March went forward in May 1968 with Tijerina 
playing a major role  ● Returned to New Mexico as one of the leading national voices in Chicano movement  
● TIjerina interacted with and hosted many of the leaders of the Chicano movement, his 
movement became a training grounds for ideas and actions   ● While they did not achieve their specific goals of restoring the land grants, he did  influence the Nixon administration to restore 18,000 acres to the Taos Pueblo Indians   ● Following school integration by the courts, and a growing Mexican American and African  American population, white families rapidly left cities   ● Zoning laws and racial covenants were banned  
● By the 1960s central cities were predominantly minority while outer areas had more 
affluent white populations   ● with a growing Mexican AMerican population and calls for social justice in the fields and  TIjerina’s activism in New Mexico, young MAs- esp in CA- were now poised to call for 
equality and justice 
● Access to education remained an important battle cry and also provided a space for  organizing, both at college campuses and in High Schools  ● Brown Berets were growing in California, protested educational neglect, police brutality  (East L.A)  ●  Increasing number of MA youth attending college and became exposed to dramatic  inequality  ● Across the state of california , MA college students were increasingly rejecting  mainstream and establishment views of their own trajectory  ● Ralph Guzman was lead research assistant (RA) on the Mexican American Study  Project at UCLA  ● Cal State LA, San Jose State, SF State, Berkeley all had vibrant chapters of chicano  students clubs  ● USC hosted a major conference in 1970 to bring together hundreds of Chicano activists 
●  Activists believed the 2 major political parties were completely ignoring Chicano interest 

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School: University of California - Los Angeles
Department: Chicana and Chicano Studies
Course: Chicano/ a 10B
Professor: G.T. Lauren
Term: Winter 2019
Tags: Chicano Studies
Name: week 5 notes
Description: lecture notes from week 5
Uploaded: 02/11/2019
3 Pages 34 Views 27 Unlocks
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  • 24/7 Homework help
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