Study guide 1
Test 1-Narmar Palette c.3000Bce -Narmer is the king’s name.
-It is basically a makeup palette. The are circles above the palate are covered with unique images which convey a message from where the palette came from. The parts and the images that was carved into the palette was very expensive at the time.
The upper kingdom king had a crown, a whip, and a she shepherds hook.
The bigger the image in the sculpture the most important the person is. (since the king is the bigger of them all meaning he is the most important.)
King’s identification: The king always had a head dress, legs always spread out standing tall in a stride feeling pride.
Test 1- palette of nanmu
*there was and allegory(things that looks weird and fake indicates allegories) about the hawk.
Hawk- connects with the people and the form of the Egyptian god; Horus
Bull is the allegory of the king running and ramming into his enemies on the bottom of the palette.
Indication of the bull and the king: The king has the same tail as the bull to indicate the relations. If you want to learn more check out What happened when there was excess sodium?
Top palette seen as the gods.
Namur name is written as catfish and chisel tip.
Test 1- Hesires panel c.2650 BCE
-elite person, not king
-has a skirt makes him elite
-has hair higher than a common
-stuff of office high rankings
-does not have a crown
Old kingdom 2600-2100 BCE
Test 1- Maenkaure and Khamerebty 2500 BCE
Nemies is a headdress for the Egyptian king.
-kings have long beards and legs stride frontal head. We also discuss several other topics like Why do we breathe?
-The bodies were meant to show actual ranks.
-The women which represents khamerebty shows that she has a queen headdress and Egyptian art wear neck clothing and the bodies shaped as females to the exposure of the chest and the privates being closed by her legs seeing a gap in between her legs.
-Important always going to be bigger and in front. The higher males normally have their fist balled up and always step in front of the female to hierarchy and pride. The high rankings would follow by the king and queen steps.
Test 1- great sphinx
-The roads was gaured from the everyday people temple to the late kings chapel. -it was there to protect his son
-This was the fall of the upper and lower kingdom as it came to an end of the old kingdom
-in the Gizeh quarry, the largest in the Egypt Mesopotamia or Persia.
-a sphinx is a combination of a lion body and a human head it fits well the Egyptian king.
-associated with the son god (probably Khafre)Don't forget about the age old question of Differentiate hydrophilic and hydrophobic.
Test 1-Hasheput We also discuss several other topics like What are the five stages of humanistic?
-cant if she was male or female(due to the king head dress)
-she had personally and feelings of a male presence.
-she royalty the next king was to young to rule so she took his place.
-she was known as a male when she claimed the throne. -she didn’t step down when the young king got older Test 1- Monetary temple of Hasheput, deir el bahri
-The tomb chapel had public access to the people. -The temple gave its dedication to the god Amen -It created for it to be seen from the front only. -the deeper you go the more the images doses off -They were three gods that was inside.
Don't forget about the age old question of What are the critical acid/base reaction equations?
Test 1- Temple of Ramses 2 Abu Simbel 1250 -Between the 4 giants statues is the sun god “Ra” Ramses 2 *There is a pylon in the courtyard -The courtyard is the hypostyle hall
-walking down the hall is a temple which inside is ka statues of Ame and the rest of ramses.
-2 culture Egypt and Mesopotamia do develop over time.
-Was not unified states
-Mesopotamia has two rivers which are Euphrates and Tigris Rivers. (Important Rivers)
Sumerian 3500-2300 BCE Period
*Naturalism-It is easy to identify and it is way of depicting the details. -Conventional Signs- symbols or codes that is able to break down and understand.
-Political System-divided by 3 city statues, ruled by gods and Poly religious( believe is more than one god) culture.
*Cuneiform- A new form of writing that was invented by the Sumerians.
(Test 1) * White Temple, Uruk 3200 BCE We also discuss several other topics like What indicates a healthcare professional knows if a patient is deaf?
>The twin city is known as Uruk
> Ziggurat is a temple on a mound for Anu selection. Temple of the gods that rules the city.
>Bend Across Approach-You must walk around the temple first before entering it.
>Cellas- a large room with a pedestal in the room for the cult statue, It has big human figure throne for the god of the temple. Waiting rooms for the Gods and will sit there and wait for the gods patiently. Then once the gods have come down
the priest would be first to hear the message from the gods. They created mountains to make easier for the gods to come down.
(Test 1) The Warka Vase, Uruk c 3200
>The vase it huge and cant be hold due to its heaviness. The stones that made up the vase is it very expensive and they were was some art carved into the vase.
>This represent the circle of life for them.
> So it tells a story on how the world works and it how it started in its own way. The vase was meant from bottom to top. Because it started it way to the bottom and worked it way up to the top. The Bottom. Bottom: wavy line on the vase represented water> then plants and soil was underneath the water> It showed animals on top of plants eating the grass form the earth> Human on top of animals as they were carrying meat, water, and veggies> it showed them mean walking in a line half of them with beards and long skirts the other half with no beards a short skirt.:Top.
> the rankings of the men on the vase determines on how much clothes and facial hair they have on them. On top of the vase, The king with ring wrapped around his head as a long bear and a long shirt was giving the food and water to the goddess (gods and goddesses was depicted to the horns on their heads).
*Allegories- They are stories that hidden meaning in them. For example, The lion, The witch, and The wardrobe.
Test 1- Akhenaton Statue, temple of Aton,Karnak,Egypt 1353-1335 BCE *details of the image
-It is a colossal statue
-the shape is body has curve like a female and comes with a pot belly. His face is very long for an average human being is not very naturalistic. His shoulders are crossed over as his arms were weak. His has a long beard and a headdress to identify he is king. We know he is male because of the skirt.
-due to his pot belly figure physicians and other doctors argues on if it just his illness or was the artist who proceeded him their culture.
* other info about Akhenaton
-He cleared away the great temples, made the priest very mad, and moved the capital river from Thebes to present day Amarna. He named the site horizon of Aton.
-The son and sole is claimed as the pharaoh profit of aton
-Painters and Sculptor seen Akhenaton’s god as the same disk life giving rays.
Test 1- death mask of king tut(Tutankhamen)
-the mask was made of gold and stones
-dress in his official regalia and had his head dress and fake beard to let other know the death of a king.
-hawk on his shoulder watching over him-horus
-Egyptian power, wealthness, pride, and limes.
Test 1- Dipylon Vase from Athens c. 740 Bce
Folk practice and common in Georgia and is a dispay of Georgian grave market pot Explains the imagery on the pot
Horizontal bands. This is a geometric period.
Flat silloute of a man and the figure hand over their hand showing emotions and mourning of the dead man
One bump on the groan= males
Two bumps on the chest= female.
The figures are simply flat
Fear of empty of plain surfaces-Horror vaculi
Test -Corithian Vase, 625
-the blackness is both play / scratch the lines to go trough the black -Multi color and a theme more
-Horror Vaculi looks flows
-the subject matter this one is mostly animals and weird hybrid in the othe pot -producing Orientalizing pottery
-the Orientalizing period. Shape of flowers and colorful desigbs
Test 1- Exskias Vase 540-530 BC
-the asthenias wanted to do better/ black solutes and that black clay and scratches are revealed to expose more lights
-on the right is the Greek version on the left is more naturalistically only the eyes are frontal.
Body portions pinhead long bodies unnaturals.
Exekias is the most famous black painter in the Greek period.
Vase painted by the androcides painter
-black figure is a copy from the eskias.
He is flattering by imitating him
Every painter switch to the red figure
Black figure are early and red figure are later
Red figures-they were looking for naturalism.
-the red figure vase is more naturalistic
-leg viewed from the front and the toes are sticking out
Test 1 Ethynides vase 510
Older males have beards. Three men
Ancient Greeks society is very sexist against females. Woman left at home and getting dance while a crazy adopt new clothes/ see a lot of anatomy of the one torso coming out at us.
Test 1- The Metropolitan Korus 500 BCE Started making statues and stones
Got the idea from Egypt
They were copying the Egyptian statue
Made of stone, Fists are clenched, and they are the same poses/ the body apportions and the narrow hips
Nudity mean Greek
Painted would have made it more naturalistic
Greeks giving a smile and archaic smile for Greeks pretty abstract the eyes are simple almond shapes
Test 1- Lady of Auxerre, Crete or Eleutherna,Greece,650-625
-she is way more covered
-we can’t see the gap in between her legs, can’t see the bulge of her knees or her stomach.
-Greek women are more clothed
-he hair is more 2-D not really naturalistic.
-so abstract: made of Limestone
Test 1-Peplos Kore, From the Acropolis, Athens Greece. 530 BCE -her hair looks more naturalistic as it lays there on her shoulder drapping down. -he has a archaic smile
-she is wearing a peplos (a long woolen belted garment.)
-she has a missing left hand
-her hair in braids (same thing for the lady of Auxerre)
Sound Box of the bull-headed harp from royal cementary, Ur,Iraq 789
-There two-man bulls in th first section and there is a scorpion man in the lower panel.
-The animals doing their own thing and having a purpose in each panel.
-The dog wearing a dagger and carrying a table.. The gazelle bearing the goblets. The bear playing the harp. The scenes doesn’t follow to us or don’t really connect with us. This connects with the land of the dead and has a narrative significance.