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UB / Psychology / PSY 341LEC / What is an evidence for memory limitations?

What is an evidence for memory limitations?

What is an evidence for memory limitations?

Description

School: University at Buffalo
Department: Psychology
Course: Cognitive Psychology
Term: Spring 2019
Tags: Cognitive Psychology
Cost: 50
Name: Cog Psy
Description: Short term memory
Uploaded: 04/03/2019
2 Pages 81 Views 1 Unlocks
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Chapter Five: STMWe also discuss several other topics like What are the paradox of world war i?

  • Storage, process, thing
  • Encoding: transfer
  • Storage: maintain
  • Retrieval: process → recall and recognition
  • Ebbinghaus (savings curve) and serial position curve

Don't forget about the age old question of What is telophase mitosis?

Modal Model

  • External stimuli, sensory storage, STM, encoding LTM

Don't forget about the age old question of What are the six principles of planning a healthy diet?
Don't forget about the age old question of What are the typical characteristics of a child having autism spectrum disorder?

Atkinson and Shiffron

  • Controlled by person
  • Digit span, how many #’s one can store in STM
  • STM capacity → chunk and recording
  • Sensory memory → whole and partial
  • Sperling → evidence for memory limitations
  • Sensory memory → Iconic and echoic
  • Peterson and Peterson → test of 3 letters

- Duration of STM based on capacityDon't forget about the age old question of What are the 5 phases of language development?

- Interrupts ability to rehearse

  • Decay: face of STM because time duration after and other stimuli competing
  • Recall
  • Serial - Order and names
  • Free - all items previously seen
  • Cued - cue given for certain words (items)

  • Proactive (Interference with new info)
  • Retroactive (New info interferes with info)
  • Semantic coding - concepts related to one another

                            - CategorizationIf you want to learn more check out Give examples of a form in neurodegenerative diseases?

  • Working memory

- Workspace

- Process of manipulating

  • Baddeley Ulrich area

- Phonological

- Visual spatial

Working memory and Neural dynamics

Individual capacity - Vogel’s stimuli study

  • Res: high capacity subject were better at ignoring distractions

Working Memory (WM)

  • Baddeley Hitch
  • Phonological loop
  • Visual spatial sketchpad (VSP)
  • Central executive
  • Phonological Similarity Effect:
  • Similar sounding words get confused easily
  • Evidence for rehearsal use/tactive
  • Words length Effect
  • Shorter words - easy to remember
  • Longer words - hard to remember
  • Visual spatial sketchpad
  • Evidence - mental rotation / shapes compared in delayed response task from different angles to test how long subjects take to decipher whether shapes match or not
  • Delayed response task - lesions reduce function
  • Brook’s experiment - harder to point than speak

                                        - overload of visual spatial tasks

Central Executive

  • Supervisory system/controller
  • Regulates loop and sketch pad

Baddeley's Model

  • Cent. Exec. - Ploop, Visual SP, and Episodic Buffer
  • Episodic Buffer - storage works with WM LPM long term memory
  • Epis. B. > PL VSP

Capacity

  • Prefrontal Cortex processes visual and audio info
  • Activity state - info to be stored fires neurons
  • Synaptic state - firing stops, neural connections strengthened

Chapter 6: Long Term Memory

  • Archived info/storage - encoded, stored, retrieved
  • Atkinson and Shiffrin's model
  • Sensory memory - momentarily
  • STM - 1 to 30 seconds
  • LTM - 30 sec. To as far as one's memory goes
  • Encoding - creation of LTM from processing information
  • Retrieval - Info from LTM to STM
  • LTM works closely with working memory (WM)
  • Recap - Episodic buffer oversees WM and LTM of VSP and LP

        STM                                        LTM

* Duration - short                        * Semantic knowledge

* Cap: 7 items, 3-18 sec.                * Events through life

*Very limited cap                        * Duration - long

* Dynamic processes                        * Vast capacity, indefinite

* Baddeley’s working                        *Personal experience, facts

memory model components                  how to do things

Primary and Recency

  • Serial Position Curve - distinction between LTM and STM
  • Memory better immediately and after time

Serial Position Curve:

  • Rundus
  • Rehearsal alaid
  • Evidence for SPC
  • Baddeley Warrington
  • Anterograde amnesia VS. Controls
  • AA smaller primary effect
  • Support for SPC
  • Glanzer Cunitz
  • No recency effect counting backward by 3’s
  • Counting back after list shown parents STM and recency effect is disabled
  • Support hyp that STM leads to Recency
  • Wickens and Coworkers
  • Visual, auditory, and semantic encoding in LTM and STM
  • Interference of stimuli processing is enhanced by meaning of words
  • Encoding Examples:
  • STM
  • Visual - reproduce recent pattern
  • Auditory - repeating words just presented
  • Semantic - Categorizing words by meaning
  • LTM
  • Visual - picture life event
  • Auditor - repeating word heard for years
  • Semantic - (dominates) recalling novel plot

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