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WSU / Geology / GEL 1010 / What are the two common stream channel patterns?

What are the two common stream channel patterns?

What are the two common stream channel patterns?

Description

School: Wayne State University
Department: Geology
Course: Geology: The Science of the Earth
Professor: Jeffrey howard
Term: Winter 2019
Tags: Geology
Cost: 50
Name: Geology study guide- final exam
Description: - streams - glaciers - climate change - fossil fuels
Uploaded: 04/22/2019
6 Pages 64 Views 3 Unlocks
Reviews


Practice Test – Streams and Glaciers


What are the two common stream channel patterns?



1. What are the two common stream channel  patterns?

a) Straight, curvy

b) Meandering, Braided

c) Braided, Oxbow

d) Meandering, Straight

e) None of the above

2. When a meandering stream goes around  a curve, where is sediment deposited? a) On the outside edge of the curve b) On the straightest part

c) On the inside edge of the curve d) Where the water moves fastest

e) None of the above

3. In the image below, what is the arrow  pointing to? We also discuss several other topics like What is a narrow band of electromagnetic radiation that can be conceptualized as a wave or a stream of electrically charged particles called photons?

a) Oxbow lake b) Impact crater


What are the two largest continental glaciers on earth?



c) C­shaped channel

d) Broken meander

e) None of the above

4. What conditions favor formation of  braided streams over meandering? a) Large variations in water flow  volume

b) High sediment load

c) Banks that are easily eroded

d) Steeper gradients

e) All of the above

5. What is a divide?

a) A sediment bar in the middle of a  stream

b) Ridge of high ground separating two  drainage basins

c) A fault cutting across a river

d) Sediment isolating an oxbow lake e) All of the above

6. Which of the following is NOT a  watershed in the Detroit area?

a) Rouge River Watershed


If accumulation is greater than ablation, what will happen at the front of the glacier?



If you want to learn more check out On a tissue level, what makes up the heart?

b) Clinton River Watershed

c) Huron River Watershed

d) Columbia River Watershed

e) None of the above

7. What is the triangular network of  distributaries at the mouth of a river  called?

a) Deposition zone

b) Delta

c) River opening

d) Roots

e) None of the above

8. How is bed load sediment different from suspended load sediment?

a) Bed load is coarser grained

b) Bed load makes contact with the  river bed

c) Bed load moves slower

d) All of the above

9.  True or False: For a single river, a 100­ year flood is bigger than a 50­year flood. a) True

b) False

10. Which of the following defines a  glacier?

a) A large mass of ice formed by  compacted snow

b) A large mass of ice that moves under the force of gravity

c) A large mass of ice that doesn’t melt  in the summer

d) A large mass of ice that carries  sediment

e) All of the above

11.

12.  What are the two largest continental  glaciers on Earth?

a) Antarctica, Arctic circle

b) Antarctica, Greenland

c) Arctic circle, Greenland

d) Nova Scotia, Antarctica

e) None of the above If you want to learn more check out What shifts the demand for bonds?

13.  What is the snow line? We also discuss several other topics like What caused the great oxygenation event of the early proterozoic?

a) Elevation above which snow does  not completely melt in the summer b) The lowest­latitude for snow 

precipitation

c) The line of snow at the front of a  glacier

d) None of the above

14. In what direction do continental glaciers  move?

a) Downhill

b) Towards the water

c) Away from the thickest part

d) Towards the middle

e) None of the above

15. True or False: Firn is more dense than  snow. We also discuss several other topics like In what chromosome customarily found when you have down syndrome?

a) True

b) False

16. Which will contribute more to glacier  growth?

a) Short, cool summers

b) Lots of snowfall

c) Very little calving

d) None of the above

17. What are the two main mechanisms of  glacial flow?

a) Plastic flow, Sliding

b) Plastic flow, Breaking

c) Plastic flow, Basal slip

d) Plastic flow, Floating

e) None of the above

18.  During plastic flow in a valley glacier,  where are velocities the highest?

a) In the middle at the surface, farthest  from the valley floor and walls

b) Right along the valley floor and  walls

c) At the front of the glacier

d) At the top of the glacier

e) Velocities are equal throughout for  plastic flow

19. Which of the following characterizes  glacial till?

a) Very poorly sorted with wide range  of particle sizes

b) Very well sorted with limited range  of particle sizes

c) Very poorly sorted with limited  range of particle sizes

d) Very well sorted with wide range of  particle sizes We also discuss several other topics like Where does the money come from?

e) None of the above

20. If accumulation is greater than ablation,  what will happen at the front of the  glacier?

a) The glacier will retreat

b) The glacier will remain steady c) The glacier will advance

d) None of the above

Practice Test – Climate Change and Fossil  Fuels

21. What greenhouse gases have been  dramatically increasing in the atmosphere  since the industrial revolution?

f) CO2

g) CH4 ­ methane

h) N2O – nitrous oxide

i) All of the above

22. What causes the greenhouse effect? f) Increased incoming solar radiation g) Increased albedo

h) Increased reflection of infrared  radiation back to Earth’s surface

i) Increased reflection of radiation from Earth’s atmosphere back into space j) None of the above

23. Which of the following feedbacks might  explain the snowball Earth hypothesis? f) Water vapor feedback

g) Albedo feedback

h) Plant growth feedback

i) Radiative damping feedback

j) All of the above

24. Which of the following is NOT an effect of global climate change?

a) Increase in intensity of Atlantic  hurricanes

b) Increase in acidity of the oceans c) Increase in extreme precipitation  events

d) Decrease in polar ice caps

e) None of the above

25. What do we call environmental changes  that are caused by human activities? f) Human­induced

g) Anthropogenic

h) Reversible

i) Industrial

j) None of the above

26. What will happen to global sea level if  sea­ice melts and continental ice 

remains?

f) Global sea level will rise

g) Global sea level will go down h) Global sea level will not change

27. True or False: Even if all carbon  emissions are stopped now, global  average temperature will still go up by  1­2 ˚C.

f) True

g) False

28. What does surface cooling in the mid­ to north Atlantic indicate?

f) Global warming must not be real g) Weakening thermohaline circulation h) Increased sea­ice

i) Strengthening thermohaline 

circulation

j) None of the above

29. Where will we find temperate climates  in the future?

e) Closer to the poles

f) Closer to the equator

g) Only in the northern hemisphere h) Only in the southern hemisphere i) None of the above

30.  Which of the following will NOT help  stabilize CO2 in the atmosphere?

c) Develop and use alternative energy  technology

d) Make more fuel­efficient cars e) Replant forests

f) Use coal instead of oil or natural gas g) None of the above

31. Which of the following is formed at the  highest pressure and temperature? f) Peat

g) Lignite

h) Bituminous coal

i) Anthracite coal

j) All form at the same pressure and  temperature conditions

32.  What defines the oil window? f) The cost of producing oil

g) The price of oil

h) The temperature and pressure at  which oil is formed

i) The temperature and pressure at  which natural gas is formed

j) All of the above

33.  What does Hubbert’s peak predict? e) Location of oil in the subsurface f) When oil production will decrease  due to decreased supply and 

excessive cost of extraction

g) When oil prices will be the highest h) When oil will form in the crust i) None of the above

34. True or False: More than half of the  energy produced in the US is wasted? f) True

g) False

35. True or False: Oil is a renewable  resource.

c) True

d) False

36. What country currently contains the  most oil reserves?

e) United States

f) Saudi Arabia

g) Canada

h) Norway

i) China

37. What sparked major increases in CO2 in  the atmosphere in recent times?

f) Global warming

g) The industrial revolution

h) Increased volcanism

i) Increased seismicity

j) None of the above

38. In the following image, what type of  oil trap is depicted?

f) Anticline trap

g) Fault trap

h) Salt dome trap

i) Stratigraphic trap

39.  In the image above, what type of rock is A?

f) An impermeable rock like shale g) A very porous rock

h) A very permeable rock

i) A dark colored rock

40. In the image above, which two letters  correspond to oil and natural gas? a) C: oil and D: natural gas

b) B: oil and C: natural gas

c) D: oil and C: natural gas

d) C: oil and B: natural gas

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