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CLEMSON / Anthropology / ANTH 2010 / How do bound morphemes and free morphemes differ?

How do bound morphemes and free morphemes differ?

How do bound morphemes and free morphemes differ?


Anthropology exam 3 StudyGuide 

How do bound morphemes and free morphemes differ?

Phonetics: the study and classification of speech sounds. 

● Phonology

○ Phonemes(L/R in English;LR in Japan)

○ Variations in phonemes

○ Tonal languages- Thai, chinese

○ Clicking languages- !kung san people

Morphology: The study of how sound sequences convey meaning ● Morphology

○ Morphemes

○ Bound morphemes

■ -ed, pre-, -s

○ Free morphemes

■ Boy, girl, happy, close

Syntax: The ways in which words are arranged to form phrases and sentences.

What is an example of a creole language?

Kinetics: I think he meant kinesics which is: The study of communication by non vocal means, including posture, mannerisms, body movement, facial expressions, and signs and gestures. If you want to learn more check out Who is martin seligman?

Creole: a language which incorporates vocabulary from both subordinate and dominant cultures, but has grammar that differs from both.

Dialect: A variety of a language spoken in a particular area or by a particular social group.

Pidgin: Pidgins are simplified languages lacking many of the building blocks found in other languages

-Language that may develop when two groups of people with different languages meet. The pidgin has some characteristics of each language.

Sign Language: language developed by members of a deaf community that uses visual rather than auditory communication

What is the purpose of tag questions?

We also discuss several other topics like What is the job of complex ions?

Ethnomusicology: the study of music in cultural context

Ethno-aesthetics: what one is taught is beautiful and good by one's history, culture, religion, etc.

Pilgrimage: A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.

Cultural Resource Management: A branch of archaeology concerned with survey and/or excavation of archaeological and historical remains that might be threatened by construction or development; also involved with policy surrounding protection of cultural resources. Don't forget about the age old question of What is the location of the spratly islands?

Modernization: The process of reforming political, military, economic, social, and cultural traditions in imitation of the early success of Western societies, often with regard for accommodating local traditions in non-Western societies.

Human development: the scientific study of the changes that occur in people as they age from conception until death

Applied anthropology: The use of anthropological knowledge and methods to solve practical problems, often for a specific client. If you want to learn more check out What does the cult of true womanhood suggest?
We also discuss several other topics like What is the correlation of free will with societal value?

Revitalization movements: movements that occur in times of change, in which religious leaders emerge and undertake to alter or revitalize a society

Business anthropology: applying anthropological theories and practices to the needs of private sector organizations, especially industrial firms

Medical Anthropology: A specialization in anthropology that brings theoretical and applied approaches from cultural and biological anthropology to the study of human health and disease

Tag questions: A short question at the end of a declarative statement, often used by women to soften the sting of potential disagreement or invite open, friendly dialogue.

Language development: The human use of spoken or written words as a communication system

Communication in non-humans: there is communication within other species. Marital rules in different levels of societal complexity

Divorce: The legal dissolution of a marriage.

Endogamy: marriage between people of the same social category Exogamy: marriage outside the tribe, caste, or social group

Polygamy: having more than one spouse at a time Don't forget about the age old question of What led to the establishment of microbiology?

Polygyny: One male, several females.

Monogamy: Marriage to only one person at a time

Ethnicity: Identity with a group of people that share distinct physical and mental traits as a product of common heredity and cultural traditions.

Race: Identity with a group of people descended from a common ancestor.

Gender: in psychology, the biologically and socially influenced characteristics by which people define male and female

Sexuality: desire, sexual preference, and sexual identity and behavior Biological Sex: physical characteristics that define male and female

Third Genders: situation found in many societies that acknowledge three or more categories of gender/sex

Mana: religious power or energy that is concentrated in individuals or objects

Tabu: a Polynesian traditional concept denoting something holy or sacred, with "spiritual restriction" or "implied prohibition"; it involves rules and prohibitions. The English word taboo derives from this later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook's visit to Tonga in 1777. 

Religion in different levels of societal complexity

Globalization: Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope.

World Systems Theory: Theory originated by Immanuel Wallerstein and illuminated by his three-tier structure, proposing that social change in the developing world is inextricably linked to the economic activities of the developed world.

Modernization Theory: a model of economic and social development that explains global inequality in terms of technological and cultural differences between nations

Green Revolution: Rapid diffusion of new agricultural technology, especially new high-yield seeds and fertilizers. 

Social Hierarchy: the division of society by rank or class

Honorifics: terms of respect; used to honor people

Language productivity: the basic units of language permit an almost infinite number of combinations

Language displacement:the ability to use language to talk about things that aren't actually there.

Bridewealth: the gift of goods or money from the groom's family to the bride's family as part of the marriage process

Brideprice: the transfer of cash and goods from the groom's family to the bride's family and to the bride

Bride Service: a designated period of time when the groom works for the bride's family

Unilineal descent Matriarchy: descent that establishes group membership exclusively through either the male or female line

Patriarchy: A form of social organization in which males dominate females

Bilateral descent: a kinship system in which both sides of a person's family are regarded as equally important

Achieved vs. ascribed status Ethnocide:

achieved - acquires on basis of merit or effort/action, changeable

ascribed - by birth, unchangeable, unearned, lifelong, assigned to people or groups based on traits beyond control

Genocide: Deliberate extermination of a racial or cultural group Infanticide: act of killing an infant

Franz Boas: father of modern American anthropology; argued for cultural relativism and historical particularism

Ruth Benedict: Prominent 1930s social scientist who argued that each culture produced its own type of personality

Margaret Mead: United States anthropologist noted for her claims about adolescence and sexual behavior in Polynesian cultures (1901-1978)

Magic: supernatural techniques intended to accomplish specific aims Spirituality: search for the sacred, which may or may not extend to belief in God

Animism: Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life.

Superstition: Attributing to someone or something else a power that belongs to God alone and relying on such powers rather than trusting in God; a sin against the First Commandment.

Capitalism: an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state.

Socialism: a political and economic theory of social organization that advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole.

Currencies: system of money in general use in a country

Dependency Theory: a model of economic and social development that explains global inequality in terms of the historical exploitation of poor nations by rich ones

Enculturation: the process of learning culture

Ecology: Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between organisms and their environment

Sustainability model:a model that emphasizes the conservation and preservation of environmental resources for future generations

Archaeological legislation

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