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OLEMISS / Philosophy / Phil 101 / Quine's version of what is really real?

Quine's version of what is really real?

Quine's version of what is really real?

Description

-Depending on what three questions you chose your answers will all be different so I just uploaded the entire semesters notes into this doc to help you pick out points for the essays you choose


Quine's version of what is really real?



Question 1: 

Quine 

● -Quines version of what is really real

● Statement: Pegasus has wings

○ True sentence BUT they don’t actually exist

● Argument: They have to actually exist for the statement to be true

● If a pegasus doesn’t exist then _____ has wings

● When we talk about something that does not exist we are saying that there is a subcategory of existence called “non existence”

● Drawing:

● A big circle (what exists) with a smaller circle inside (non existence)

● A pegasus exist in non existence


What is the difference between many and absolute?



● Imaginary friends exist in nonexistence

● We have an ontology that keeps getting bigger

● Ontology: The study of being (as in existence)

● Statement :

● The present king of france is bald (false)

● “ “ is not bald (false)

● Both are false because the king of france does not exist

● ∃ [P x] -- bound variable

● ∃ [ Px] & ∃x [ Px ⊃ Bx ] -- if this exists then his is bald

● *Can make whole statement go away because it is an “and” statement and if the one thing doesn’t exist then it can not be bald


What is virtue ethics?



● *PHYSICS WILL TELL US WHAT IS REALLY REAL We also discuss several other topics like What are the three arguments behind von daniken’s ideas?

● ∃ x [ Table ] = Table exists

● ∃ x [ Tops and Legs] = tables don’t exist but tops and legs do

● ∃x [ wood and metal] = tops and legs aren't the really real things wood and metal are ● This list can keep going all the down past atoms

● *we need the most precise answer of what is really real

Plato 

Allegory of the Cave

● -Focused on reality and the most real thing

● -The most real thing is not physical, it is a third dimension idea

● - Many v Absolute

○ Divided Line

● -Ultimately everything is grouped into the category of ‘good’

● -You can get ideas without interacting with the physical

● -Forms = physical world is not as true or real as eternal, absolute, unchangeable ideas

● -Forms are the most real thing, the ultimate reality

● - when we see something we do not see the real thing, we see its shadow. The real thing would be the original. Don't forget about the age old question of What is the meaning of substance intoxication?

● Examples used in class

○ -The many ideas of desks we have yet none of them are the original

Question 2 

● Lesser of two goods = Greater Good

● ~Baby example

● Maximize Utility We also discuss several other topics like What is the meaning of the word “i’m hungry”?

● Utilitarianism

● Virtue Ethics

○ Character trait

○ Which are good, which aren’t

● Necessary: A sentence of the form:

● ☐Φ 

● is true if and only if Φ is true in all possible worlds.

● Possibly: A sentence in the form:

● ◇Φ Don't forget about the age old question of What are the functions of the respiratory system?

● Is true if and only if Φ is true in some possible world 

○ We also discuss several other topics like What is the meaning of anthropogenic?

● a= a

● P ---> P

● 1+2 = 2 Don't forget about the age old question of What is the largest part of the human brain?

■ All examples are necessary

Question 3 

Frege 

● -Hesperus

● -Phosphorus

● -a=b → a=a

● -1 object = many things

● Sense: everything that the reference can be (Everything you are ; student, athlete, friend etc)

● Reference: the main object (You)

Grice:

● Rules of communication

● Quantity and Quality

● Can communicate more through a laugh then simply giving a worded answer

Question 4 

● Justified True Belief = definition of knowledge according to Plato

● Hard part is finding the justification

● I exist ---> distinct ideas ----> god------> everything else

● Circular reasoning ----> always go back to the same argument

● Why do you justify a belief you hold

■ Has someone told you, experience, etc

● Sun sets in the east

■ We can watch it happen

● Coherence

Question 5 

Film

Tuesday

-Why do we enjoy horror in film

-we don’t have to experience the consequences

-cathartic in a way

-Some ask interesting ethical questions, others are just violent for the sake of showing violence What is it that makes monsters scary

-

Thursday

Paradox of horror

Dilemma

-people like horror movies for some reason

-people like negative emotions

Or

-there is something else they like, but what

Control thesis

Attention

-where u direct attention, how u direct attention

Fear, anger, adrenaline **

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