Exam 1 Study Guide!
Exam 1 Study Guide! Bio 1144
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Carly Miller on Thursday September 3, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Bio 1144 at Mississippi State University taught by Thomas Holder in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 267 views. For similar materials see Biology II in Biology at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 09/03/15
Exam 1 Study Guide Flashcards Term Definition Taxonomy of Man Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Class Mammalia Order Primates Suborder Anthropoidea Superfamily Hominoidae Family Hominidae Subfamily Homininae Genus Homo Species Homo Sapiens Five Kingdoms Monera Protista Fungi Plantae and Animalia Carolus Linaeus System Binomial system two names based only on morphological features Systematics Study of biological diversity and evolutionary relationships using molecular genetics and morphological features Taxonomy The study of classifying and grouping organisms based only on morphology Taxon Each level of taxonomy based on similarities Clade Group of related organisms Heterotrophs Ingest feeders Autotrophs Self feeding make their own food usually via photosynthesis Saprotrophs Absorb feeding Terrestrial Lives on land Xylem Vascular tissue conducts water and minerals Phloem Vascular tissue conducts food Naked seeds Embryo stored in food and protective coverings does not require external water for reproduction Hox genes Writes the blueprints for an organisms body present in embryonic development Radial symmetry Line through the midpoint Bilateral symmetry Only one line of symmetry Tissue Congregation of cells for a common function Diplobastic tissue Two layers of germ tissues endoderm and ectoderm Triploblastic Tissue Three layers of germ tissues endoderm ectoderm and mesoderm Gastrulation Tissues developing during early ages Cleavage Cell division without increase in cell size of the structure creates a hollow space and more cells can pack into one space Blastopore Indentation made in zygote during gastrulation the opening Protostomes Blastopore becomes the mouth Deuterostomes Two openings one becomes the mouth one becomes the anus Coelom Fluid filled body cavity of an animal Acoelomate without coelom cavity is not surrounded by mesoderm Pseudocoelomate false coelom not completely surrounded by mesoderm tissue Eucoelomate true coelom found in advanced metazoan Notochord Dorsal support rods Metamerism Segmentation and repetition of body parts Cephalization Distinct head end and localization of sensory spots think the brain Hepatophyta Liverworts Anthocerophyta Homwarts Bryophyta Mosses Lycopodiophyta Lycophytes Pteridophyta Ferns and allies Cycadophyta Cycads Gingophyta Gingko tree Gnetophyta Gnetophytes Coniferophyta Conebearing trees Anthophyta Floweringfruitbearing trees Hermaphroditism Produces both egg and sperm can reproduce sexually and asexually Mesoglea Covering of gelantous material foul tasting used for protection Portifera Sponges Cnidaria and Ctenophora J ellyfishes anemones corals comb jellies Platyhelminthes Flatworms and tapeworms Parthenogenisis Form of asexual reproduction where a new individual develops from an unfertilized egg Rotifera Rotifers Mollusca Snails slugs mollusks oyster squid and octopus Ecdysis The shedding of an outer layer Annelida Segmented ringworms Nematoda Roundworms Athropoda Insects spiders and crustaceans Enchinodermata Sea stars starfish and urchins Dorsal hollow nerve cord Spinal cord protected by notochord or vertebrae expansion at anterior end brain Nerve crest Embryonic cells that migrate during development and lay out the blueprint of the nervous system Myxini Hagfishes Tetrapod Fourlimbed animals Amniotic egg No external water need advanced shell with three internal membranes Shell amnion and chorion Cephalospidomorphi J awless fishes Chondrichthyes Cartilaginous fishes Osteichthyes Bony fishes Amphibia Frogs salamanders toads Reptilia Turtles crocodiles lizards dinosaurs and snakes Only class that uses all three modes of reproduction Amnion Encloses the embryo brings the pond to the egg39 Allantois Waste and storage in an amniotic egg Chorion Inner membrane by the shell in an amniotic egg Pinna Outer ear cartilage used to direct sound waves to inner ear Heterodontdentition Type of teeth where various kinds of teeth are present on the jawbone Thecodontdentition Type of condition of teeth having long roots in the jaw bone Diphyodontdentition Organism will have two set of teeth over a lifetime babymilk teeth and adultpermanent teeth Endothermic Body temperature determined by trapped internally produced heat stable body temperature can survive in hot or cold environments hotblooded Ectothermic Body temperature determined by external conditions varying body temperatures cold blooded Modes of Reproduction Oviparous Ovoviviparous and Viviparous Oviparous Condition of egg laying outside the female s body Ovoviviparous Modified livebearing with retention of eggs but no maternal connection ie no nutrition from the mother ViViparous livebearing With retained egg and maternal connection ie nutrients transferred from mother to offspring Via the placenta
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