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KSU / Art History / HIST 152 / What was mainly abolished in the 13th amendment?

What was mainly abolished in the 13th amendment?

What was mainly abolished in the 13th amendment?

Description

School: Kansas State University
Department: Art History
Course: Hist US Since 1877
Professor: Phil tiemeyer
Term: Fall 2019
Tags: history and us
Cost: 50
Name: Hist 152 A Exam 1 Study guide
Description: These notes cover all of what was listed on the study guide of terms given to us
Uploaded: 09/26/2019
9 Pages 62 Views 3 Unlocks
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Exam 1 Study Guide  


What was mainly abolished in the 13th amendment?



People Groups Things 

Chapter 15  

 13th Amendment 

o Abolished slavery

o The only part of Lincoln’s reconstruction plan for after the Civil War  that was truly known  

 14th Amendment 

o The result of lawmakers proposing a new measure that would protect  African Americans by defining US citizenship

o Said that all people born in the US were citizens  

o Gave all citizens fair treatment in the courts  We also discuss several other topics like What is dalton's atomic theory about?

o The most significant law to emerge from the Reconstruction   15th Amendment  


Who is known as the kind of petroleum?



o Protected the male right to vote despite color, race, or slave status  o Did not give women the right to vote  

 Freedmen’s Bureau 

o Purpose was to help displaced former slaves and other refugees from  the Civil War  If you want to learn more check out What is the most prevalent psychological disorder?

o Supported Southern Reconstruction  

o Helped to found colleges in the south  

 Ku Klux Klan  

o Terrorized freed African Americans in the south, and southern  Republicans running for office  

o Consisted mostly of members of the Democratic party  

 Andrew Johnson 

o Succeeded Abraham Lincoln  

o Opposed the ratification of the 14th and 15th amendments  o Was impeached but was not found guilty


What characterize the subsistence class?



We also discuss several other topics like How are coordination and collaboration different?

o Had a radical reconstruction plan  

 Thaddeus Stevens  

o Wanted to give African Americans land as a Reconstruction plan  o “40 acres and a mule”

 Carpetbaggers 

o Ex-Confederate name for northern whites who supported  Reconstruction  

o Named after people who carry their belongings in carpetbags   Republicans VS Democrats: Reconstruction 

o Republicans  

 Did not support giving land to freed slaves although some tried   Supported public reforms in education, law, and transportation   Created the Freedman’s Bureau  

 Supported women’s rights to an extent  We also discuss several other topics like What are the types of cellular transport?

o Democrats

 Against African American Rights  

 Tried to end Reconstruction in the South  

 Formed the KKK  

Chapter 17 

 Trusts -  

o Described large corporations known to have excessive power   Mass Production –

o A new form of manufacturing where every worker only had one job on  the assembly line to make production much quicker

 John D. Rockefeller  

o Known as the “King of Petroleum”  

o Started the oil firm Standard Oil of Ohio, Cleveland’s largest oil refinery o Practiced vertical and horizontal integration in his businesses   Scientific Management  

o A new form of running businesses in which the workers had no “brain  work” and that one person should handle all the management  o Ended up not being a great success at the time, but slowly crept into  factories

 Chinese Exclusion Act  

o Banned Chinese immigrants to come to the US to work  

o Heavily barred Chinese women  

o Was renewed every decade until 1943  

 Andrew Carnegie  

o Immigrant to the United States  

o Caused steel to become a major industry in the United States  o Wrote The Gospel of Wealth If you want to learn more check out What is the structure of nucleosides?

 Samuel Gompers  

o Started the major labor union, the American Federation of Labor Don't forget about the age old question of What is the meaning of limiting reactant?

$$ $

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Manual Laborers:

Middle Class –

Skilled laborers like coal miners

White educated men native to America Good wages and steady labor  

Working Class

Unskilled people working on production lines  Not great wages  

Steady work, usually  

White, uneducated immigrants  

Men, women, or children  

Subsistence Class

Unsteady work  

Bad wages  

Immigrants: African Americans

 or Asian Americans  

Poor children  

Office Jobs:  

$

Middle Class  

$

Skilled managers  

Good wages

$

Steady work  

Fluent in English  

University educate white men  

Working Class  

Menial office jobs  

Steady work, low wages  

White women  

Educated  

Fluent in English  

Subsistence Class  

African and Chinese Americans Children  

Poor wages  

Unsteady work  

$

Chapter 18  

 Eugenics  

o An idea that grew from Darwinism that encouraged “Survival of the  Fittest”  

o Led to the belief that people of certain races and the mentally ill should be sterilized  

o Reinforced racism in a scientific way  

 New Woman  

o The new idea that came from the Gibson Girl paintings

o Was inspired by the new jobs and activities women were participating  out of the house  

 Domesticity

o Women’s relationship with domesticity was changing  

o Women were finding roles outside the home  

o They were not having as many children as women had in the past   Birth control  

 Economics  

o New jobs  

 Nursing and teaching  

o College  

o Fashion became less restrictive  

o Political Roles  

 Temperance and suffrage advocates  

 Temperance and Prohibition 

o Women were fighting to prohibit the sale of alcohol because of the  abuse they experienced from their husbands who were drunk  o Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (discussed more later)   Suffrage  

o Suffrage groups such as the National American Woman Suffrage  Association fought for women’s rights to vote

o They had little success at this time, and even had a group of men and  women form a group against them

 Social Gospel  

o The Protestant action of using the Gospel to promote justice and social  welfare  

o Shown in Charles Sheldon’s In His Steps

o The Salvation Army was a group that practiced the Social Gospel   Booker T. Washington  

o Founded Tuskegee Institute (1881)

o Autobiography: Up from Slavery

o Encouraged African Americans to accept the “separate but equal” form of segregation at the time  

 Ida B. Wells 

o African American journalist  

o Refused to leave the ladies’ train car she was in, was thrown out of the  train, then sued and won lawsuits because of it  

o Campaigned against lynchings and debunked their causes   Plessy v. Ferguson

o Homer Plessy, who was 1/8 African American, was ordered to leave his  white train car  

o Case was taken to court, but was ultimately overruled, saying the cars  were “separate but equal”  

 Billy Sunday  

o Brought evangelism to the modern era  

o Based his political beliefs on his religious beliefs  

o Advocated some progressive ideas  

o Famous for playing baseball  

Chapter 19  

 Jane Addams  

o Founded the Hull House, one of the first settlement houses in the US o Wrote Democracy and Social Ethics  

o Known peace advocate  

o Encouraged Theodore Roosevelt to promote women’s suffrage   Tenements  

o Buildings where low income families would live to be close to work  o Could sometimes have 20 families to an apartment  

o Had terrible sanitation and health conditions  

o Were cleaned up and changed by progressive reforms and the public  health movement  

 Hull House  

o Settlement house founded by Jane Addams  

o One of the first settlement houses in the United States  

o Chicago  

o Helped offer medical care, hygiene education, child care, and other  helpful programs for the working and subsistence class  

 Coney Island  

o Amusement park in New York

 W. E. B. DuBois  

o Called for a “talented tenth of educated blacks” to help come up with  new civil rights strategies  

o Sociologist who studied at Harvard  

o Published a study called The Souls of Black Folk  

o Endorsed Woodrow Wilson in the 1912 election  

o Wrote Black Reconstruction in America to encourage reconstruction in  the South  

 W. C. Handy  

o Famous trumpet player who helped make the blues famous   City Beautiful  

o A movement that promoted better parks and more trees in urban areas o Encouraged physical activity in children  

 Triangle Shirtwaist Fire  

o Fire at the triangle Shirtwaist Company

o Employees had been locked in their floors and could not escape the fire o All 146 employees died in the fire  

o Encouraged a new wave of labor reforms  

 Upton Sinclair  

o Wrote Jungle, a novel that revealed the terrible working and sanitary  conditions of meat-packing plants in Chicago  

 Margaret Sanger  

o Started a birth control movement nationwide to lessen women’s  suffering in bearing children

 Muckraking 

o Term given to journalists who wrote too much about the negative side  of America  

Chapter 20 

 16th Amendment  

o Legalized an income tax  

o Most successful progressive idea  

 Poll taxes, literacy tests, understanding clauses  

o Put in place to make it harder for African Americans to vote even  though it was legal for them to  

 Muller v. Oregon  

o Limited women’s workdays to 10 hours to protect mothers   William Jennings Bryan  

o Nominated for president three times, but lost all three times  o Made a speech: “The Cross of Gold”  

o Woodrow Wilson’s secretary of state  

 Woodrow Wilson  

o Won the election of 1912

o Was supported by the North, West, and South progressives  o Was hoped to bring race reform but did not

o Had Fourteen Points that explained his ideas during WWI

 Democrats 1890-1910 

o Mostly found in the old Confederacy  

o Promoted ideas that supported white supremacy  

o Called themselves the “white man’s party”

o Promoted “states rights”  

o Only one democratic president (Grover Cleveland) was elected from  1856-1912

o Did not have a large support group because they were only supported  by white Southerners  

 Republicans 1890-1910  

o Republicans main supporters were in the old Union and the West  (mostly Kansas)  

o Republicans supported African American rights only through the 1880s o They supported the ideals of industrialists

o Laissez-faire economic policies = classical economic liberalism o The republicans became vulnerable to social reforms  

 Populists (Progressives)  

o Became the party of social reform and political change  

o “Sockless Jerry Simpson”  

 Kansas progressive  

o Goals

 Clean up political corruption  

 Limit big business  

 Reduce poverty  

 Promote social justice  

o Wanted to remove the US dollar from the gold standard and put it on  the silver standard  

o Southern Progressives  

 Fought against white supremacists  

 Mostly made up of black and white farmers  

 Were not successful but formed the first civil rights group  (NAACP)  

o Northern Progressives  

 Supported urban reforms such as settlement houses  

 Goal was to break up trusts running factories and abusing  workers  

 Fought for an income tax

Chapter 21  

 “Open Door “ Policy 

o Trade policies that allowed free trade for the United States in Asia on  the terms that the US did not want to take any land there  

 Platt Amendment  

o Prohibited Cuba from adopting treaties with any country but the United States and allowed the US to intervene with military power whenever  the US saw fit  

 League of Nations  

o Purpose was to keep disputes between countries to a minimum,  supervise weapon reduction, and use military action to push down  aggressive nations  

o The United States did not join the League of Nations  

 Great Migration  

o The movement of African Americans from the South to the North  during WWI because of increased job opportunities  

 Roosevelt Corollary  

o Theodore Roosevelt’s addition to the Monroe Doctrine

o Said that the United States would intervene in Latin American  countries whenever the US saw fit, and that European countries were  not welcome to intervene

 19th Amendment  

o Gave white women the right to vote  

 Fourteen Points  

o President Wilson’s ideas for how world peace should be accomplished   Guantanamo Bay  

o Naval base given to the US by Cuba  

 Panama Canal  

o Canal built by the Army Corp of Engineers  

o Built through the newly formed country of Panama after Colombia  refused to give Roosevelt the land to build the canal  

o Meant to stimulate the global trade economy  

o Was policed by the US military  

 Territories Acquired by the US ~1898 

o Puerto Rico

o Guam

o Philippines  

o Guantanamo Bay  

Last Call  

 Prohibition  

o Movement trying to prohibit the sale of alcohol in America  o Was successful in limiting the consumption of hard liquor, but beer  consumption increased

 Adolphus Busch  

o Founded Budweiser  

o Created America’s largest brewery and developed ways to mass  produce beer and sell it all over  

 Carrie Nation 

o Member of the WTCU  

o Large advocate for women’s suffrage  

o Violently encouraged prohibition in Kansas  

o Used rocks and hatchets to destroy alcohol  

 Woman’s Christian Temperance Union  

o Group dedicated to prohibition and women’s rights

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