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Description

School: Virginia Commonwealth University
Department: Religion
Course: HUMAN SPIRITUALITY
Professor: James wilson
Term: Fall 2019
Tags: hierophany, sacred, Buddhism, Hinduism, Prophet, Moses, and Muhammad
Cost: 25
Description: Terms and ideas from class notes and Chapter 3 for Test 2
Uploaded: 09/26/2019
45 Pages 67 Views 0 Unlocks
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Front
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Sample card

Sample card

When and where was Muhammad born?

c. 570 CE in Mecca, Saudi Arabia 

At what age did he receive a revelation from an angel?

age 40 

When did Muhammad flee Mecca?

622 CE

Hijrah

The word for Muhammad's migration from Mecca to Medina

What led to the Hijrah?

the persecution of Muhammad's followers in Mecca

Qur'an

the written "Word" of Allah (God) given to Muhammad

Where did Moses receive a revelation from God?

Mt. Sinai

Torah

The written "Word" of God given to Moses

Moses is the great _____ of ______

Moses is the great prophet of Judaism

Muhammad is the great ____ of _____

Muhammad is the great prophet of Islam

Hierophany 

An appearance of the sacred in human life

Prophetic hierophany

appearance of the sacred through words

Mystical hierophany

appearance of the sacred through enlightenment

Sacramental hierophany

appearance of the sacred through material reality

Examples of Prophetic Religions:

Judaism, Islam

Examples of Mystical Religions

Hindu, Buddhism

Examples of Sacramental Religions

Christianity, Shinto

Brahman

The ultimate sacred reality the unifying principle of the universe in Hinduism

Nirvana

The sacred reality of Buddhism

Kami

Sacred beings or powers that are manifest in natural forms, places, and people in the Shinto religion example of sacramental hierophany

linear time

associated with prophetic traditions: Judaism, Islam, Christianity

cyclical profane time

associated with mystical traditions: Buddhism, Hindusim

cyclical sacred time

associated with naturalistic traditions: nature religion Ancient Greece

Samsara

the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth in which humans are caught Hinduism, Buddhism

Karma

the inexorable law of cause and effect Hinduism, Buddhism

Moksha

liberation from the cycle of samsara Hinduism

Enuma Elish

Babylonian Creation Myth Marduk the Storm God slays Tiamat the Goddess of Chaos, and brings order to the world. Marduk then creates humankind out of the blood of Tiamat's leading warrior, Kingu. 

Akitu Ceremony

Babylonian New Year's festival which re-enacts the Enuma Elish

Wepet Renpet

New Year's Eve festival of Ancient Egypt a re-enactment of the subdoing of the goddess Sekhmet

Sekhmet

Ancient Egyptian lion-headed Goddess whose thirst for human blood threatens to destroy the human race

Myth of Eternal Return

Mircea Eliade's idea that one can return to the "mythical age"-- the time when the events described in one's myths occurred-- through public worship or festivals 

Ra

Ancient-Egyptian sun God responsible for tricking Sekhmet into drunkenness

Demeter

Greek Goddess of grain

Persephone

daughter of Greek Goddess Demeter

Buddha

the enlightened one

Bodhi Tree

The central point from which Buddhist faith radiates place where Siddhartha Gautama became enlightened as the Buddha

Who is Siddhartha Gautama

Man who sought enlightenment and became the Buddha

Whos is Mara?

Demon of desire who tempted Siddhartha Gautama as he meditated under the Bodhi Tree

At what age did Buddha begin his teachings?

age 35

How many years did Siddhartha Gautama live an ascetic life?

Six years

Torii

gate marking the entry for a sacred place Shinto religion

What example makes Christianity a Sacramental tradition?

During the Eucharist (the Lord's supper) bread and wine are thought to become the body and blood of Jesus. 

What example makes Shinto a sacramental tradition?

Sacred beings and powers are manifest in the human world as rocks, trees, rivers, places, people, et c.