When and where was Muhammad born?
c. 570 CE in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
At what age did he receive a revelation from an angel?
When did Muhammad flee Mecca?
The word for Muhammad's migration from Mecca to Medina
What led to the Hijrah?
the persecution of Muhammad's followers in Mecca
the written "Word" of Allah (God) given to Muhammad
Where did Moses receive a revelation from God?
The written "Word" of God given to Moses
Moses is the great _____ of ______
Moses is the great prophet of Judaism
Muhammad is the great ____ of _____
Muhammad is the great prophet of Islam
An appearance of the sacred in human life
appearance of the sacred through words
appearance of the sacred through enlightenment
appearance of the sacred through material reality
Examples of Prophetic Religions:
Examples of Mystical Religions
Examples of Sacramental Religions
The ultimate sacred reality the unifying principle of the universe in Hinduism
The sacred reality of Buddhism
Sacred beings or powers that are manifest in natural forms, places, and people in the Shinto religion example of sacramental hierophany
associated with prophetic traditions: Judaism, Islam, Christianity
cyclical profane time
associated with mystical traditions: Buddhism, Hindusim
cyclical sacred time
associated with naturalistic traditions: nature religion Ancient Greece
the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth in which humans are caught Hinduism, Buddhism
the inexorable law of cause and effect Hinduism, Buddhism
liberation from the cycle of samsara Hinduism
Babylonian Creation Myth Marduk the Storm God slays Tiamat the Goddess of Chaos, and brings order to the world. Marduk then creates humankind out of the blood of Tiamat's leading warrior, Kingu.
Babylonian New Year's festival which re-enacts the Enuma Elish
New Year's Eve festival of Ancient Egypt a re-enactment of the subdoing of the goddess Sekhmet
Ancient Egyptian lion-headed Goddess whose thirst for human blood threatens to destroy the human race
Myth of Eternal Return
Mircea Eliade's idea that one can return to the "mythical age"-- the time when the events described in one's myths occurred-- through public worship or festivals
Ancient-Egyptian sun God responsible for tricking Sekhmet into drunkenness
Greek Goddess of grain
daughter of Greek Goddess Demeter
the enlightened one
The central point from which Buddhist faith radiates place where Siddhartha Gautama became enlightened as the Buddha
Who is Siddhartha Gautama
Man who sought enlightenment and became the Buddha
Whos is Mara?
Demon of desire who tempted Siddhartha Gautama as he meditated under the Bodhi Tree
At what age did Buddha begin his teachings?
How many years did Siddhartha Gautama live an ascetic life?
gate marking the entry for a sacred place Shinto religion
What example makes Christianity a Sacramental tradition?
During the Eucharist (the Lord's supper) bread and wine are thought to become the body and blood of Jesus.
What example makes Shinto a sacramental tradition?
Sacred beings and powers are manifest in the human world as rocks, trees, rivers, places, people, et c.