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ALBANY / OTHER / APSY 101 / Is the development of moral and ethical reasoning inborn?

Is the development of moral and ethical reasoning inborn?

Is the development of moral and ethical reasoning inborn?

Description

School: University at Albany - State University of New York
Department: OTHER
Course: Introduction to Psychology
Professor: Bruce svare
Term: Fall 2019
Tags: Intro to Psychology
Cost: 25
Name: APSY 101, Week 10 class notes
Description: Hi, These notes cover this week in Prof. bruce Svare’s class.
Uploaded: 11/02/2019
11 Pages 26 Views 2 Unlocks
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Looking at “Possible” and Impossible EventsIf you want to learn more check out What are the two major groups of bilateral animals?

This 4 months old baby will look longer at an “impossible” event instead of a “possible” event

When does symbolic thinking emerger?

  • A symbol is something that stands for something else. The ability to engage in symbolic thinking separates us from other species.

Don't forget about the age old question of Why do bonds formed?

Understanding the USE of symbols

  • Using and understanding symbols begins to emerge as young as 3 years of age

We also discuss several other topics like What is the definition of standard hydrogen electrode (she)

Lawrence Kohlberg and Moral Development

  • We pass through 6 stages of moral development
  • Stages can’t be skipped
  • Each stage is more comprehensive and integrated than its predecessor

Don't forget about the age old question of How is the individual secure?

Level 1: Preconventional stage (Young children)

  1. Obedience and punishment orientation
  • How can I avoid punishment
  • Self interest orientation
  • What is it for me?
  • What benefit is there for me?
  1. Lack of a societal perspective

We also discuss several other topics like What is the meaning of eugenics?

Level 2: Conventional Stage ( Adolescent and Adult)

  1. Interpersonal award and conformity
  • Living with to expectation
  • Being a “good” boy or girl
  1. Authority and social order
  • Goes beyond the need for individual approval
  • Obeying laws is important for maintaining a functional society

Don't forget about the age old question of What is an example of chemiosmosis?

Level 3: Post-conventional stage (many adults say never reach)

  1. Social contract orientation
  • World is viewed as having different opinions
  • Laws are social contrasts
  • Majority rules democratically
  1. Universal Ethical Principles
  • Abstract reasoning
  • Obligation to disobey unjust rules
  • Doing what is right

Is the development of moral and ethical reasoning born?

  • Dr. Karen Lynn, Yale University
  • Are babies born good?
  • Can infants tell right from wrong?
  • Can a 3 to 5 month old tell good from bad?

Which puppet will the baby choose?

Which puppet will the baby prefer? The one that was kind or the one that was mean?

Sigmund Freuel The concepts of , ego, and superego and psychosexual development.

What drives, psychosexual development:

  • Behavior is determined by instinctual voges.
  • We have energy producing centers that are primarily sexual in th eorientation called the libido
  • We seek pleasure and avoid pain.

Freud's Theory of Psychosexual Development

Name of Stage                                Erogenous zone (key conflict or Development Task)

Oral (0-18 months)                                Mouth cleaning from breast or bottle

Anal (18 months - 3 years)                        Anus toilet training

Phallic (3-6 years)                                Genitals (overcoming oedipus complex by  

                                                identifying with same-sex parent)

Latency (6 years - puberty)                        None (interacting with same-sex peers)

Genital (puberty - adult)                        Genitals (establishing in relationship with the

                                                Opposite sex.

Conclusion:

  • Babies and infants are much smarter and more social than we think.
  • Ingenious research performed by developmental / psychologists throughout the world has helped to reveal the extraordinary mental and social  capabilities of the developing child.

Harry Harlow:

        A pioneering Psychologist

  • Was first interested in studying the effects of brain lesions on learning and memory.. Learning set theory

Harlow’s Five Types of Love:

  • Love an infant shows for its mother
  • Love for one’s own age (peer love)
  • Love for member of opposite sex (heterosexual)
  • Love a mother shows its infants (motherly love)
  • Love a father shows for its infants

Harlow’s research on love and attachment in chimps.

Harlow’s Essential

Warmth: For the first 2 weeks of life this is the critical stimulus

Contact comfort: after the first two week of life, close contact between the infant and the mother's abdomen is critical for comfort.

Trust: the attachment of the infant to the surrogate mother solidifies as it knows that the mother will be there to provide comfort when it is needed.

   

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