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KSU / Art History / HIST 152 / Who is the head of the federal bureau of narcotics from 1930-1962?

Who is the head of the federal bureau of narcotics from 1930-1962?

Who is the head of the federal bureau of narcotics from 1930-1962?

Description

School: Kansas State University
Department: Art History
Course: Hist US Since 1877
Professor: Phil tiemeyer
Term: Fall 2019
Tags: history, exam, final, and America
Cost: 50
Name: Exam 3 Study Guide
Description: Covers the study guide given to us in class, including chapter 27-30 and the original lectures given by Professor Tiemeyer
Uploaded: 12/10/2019
6 Pages 53 Views 3 Unlocks
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Exam 3 Study Guide  


Who is the head of the federal bureau of narcotics from 1930-1962?



Smack

 Bebop  

o Considered countercultural music that encouraged originality and  improvisation

o Considered rebellious  

o Was often inspired by heroin use  

 Hipsters

o A group of counter-cultural rebels during the 1950s who was fighting  the “square” society and its music  

 Harry Anslinger  

o The head of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics from 1930-1962  Heroin use by US solders in Vietnam  

o The soldiers used heroin in Vietnam to cope with the stresses and pain  of war

o However, when using it in Vietnam, they ingested it rather than  injected it

o When they returned home away from the stresses of war, many of the  soldiers stopped, using heroin completely, showing that change of  social setting could be a solution for heroin addicts  


What is an office building housing the democratic party headquarters for the 1972 election?



 Methadone  

o A drug meant to counteract the bad side effects of heroin so users  could lead a normal life without withdrawal symptoms  

Camelot to Chaos  

 Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy  

o JFK’s wife  

o Came from a wealthy, Catholic family who lead an elite life  o Along with JFK, she embodied the American Dream  We also discuss several other topics like What populations should consume vitamin or mineral supplements?

 Camelot (also ch 27)  

o Reporters referred to the White House during Kennedy’s presidency as  “Camelot” due to their embodiment of the American Dream and the  bold changes they brought  

 Free Speech Movement (also ch 27)  

o Began at the University of California (1964)  

o Meant to support progressive causes such as antiwar, civil rights, and  the sexual revolution


Who is rev. billy graham?



o Slogan: “Never trust someone over age 30!”  

 Birmingham Protests 1963 (also ch 27)  

o Black activists nonviolently picketed department stores in Birmingham o Was met with violent police force

o Caused Kennedy to embrace a Civil Rights Act  

 Woodstock  

o A music festival characterized by peace and harmony  

o Considered an embodiment of 1960s ideals  

 Altamont  

o Meant to be similar to Woodstock but ended in violence due to lack of  security  

Chapter 27  

 Thurgood Marshall

o Led the NAACP’s legal team to win several civil rights court battles  o First African American Supreme Court Justice  

 Southern Christian Leadership Council  

o A nonviolent group led by pastors, churches, and ultimately headed by  MLK  

 Greensboro Sit-ins 1960

o African American college students sat at an all-white lunch counter for  three weeks until they were served  If you want to learn more check out How do we know that speech is localized on the left side of the brain in most individuals?

 Freedom Rides 1961  

o African American and white civil rights activists would ride interstate  buses

o Ended violently with the attack of Klansmen in Birmingham   Civil Rights Act of 1964  

o Resulted from the long, nonviolent protests of civil rights activists  o Ended Jim Crow segregation in all public places

o Outlawed discrimination in employment on the basis of race, religion,  national origin, and sex  

 Voting Rights Act of 1965  

o Came to be after a protest in Selma, Alabama  

o Put voting laws in the hands of the federal government and not state  governments  We also discuss several other topics like What is a study that media promotes causes and controls public opinion by using symbols, stories, reports, and photos?

o Increased African American voter registration in the South   Black Power  

o Expelled white members from some civil rights groups  

o Called for self-reliance of black groups  

o Focused on the poverty and social injustice faced by most African  Americans  We also discuss several other topics like What is a warehousing layout?
We also discuss several other topics like What is the formula using labor force participation rate?

Vietnam War Lecture  

 Ho Chi Minh  

o Young leader of Vietnamese rebels who declared Vietnamese  independence from France in 1945

 Dien Bien Phu 1954  

o Communist Vietnamese rebels defeated France’s army  Don't forget about the age old question of What is the most common illness affecting travelers and is often related to contaminated food and drink?

o North Vietnam became independent and communist under Ho Chi Minh o South Vietnam remained partially under French control  

 Ngo Dinh Diem  

o Became leader of South Vietnam and allowed voters to choose whether they wanted to become permanently independent from North Vietnam   Strategic Hamlet Program  

o Forced rural villagers to live in camps that were similar to prison in  order to protect them from Communist rebels  

 Gulf of Tonkin Resolution  

o Congress gave Lyndon Johnson permission to station US troops on the  ground in Vietnam in 1964  

 Tet Offensive  

o Considered the turning point in the Vietnam war

o A series of attacks on South Vietnam villages and hamlets done by  Vietcong rebels and North Vietnam forces  

 Détente  

o Nixon developed this strategy in 1972

o Involved closer cooperation with the USSR to reduce the tension of  communism in Vietnam  

 Vietnamization  

o Making South Vietnamese soldiers lead in combat to allow more US  soldiers to come home  

o Was not necessarily successful  

Chapter 28  

 Great Society  

o Lyndon Johnson’s programs to fight poverty  

o Included:  

 Head Start  

 Medicaid

 Department of Housing and Urban Development  

 Medicare  

 Medicare  

o Government health insurance for people 65 and older  

 Barry Goldwater  

o Won Republican nomination for President in 1964  

o Part of the new conservative movement that grew along with the  suburbs  

 New Left  

o Groups of mostly college students against the Vietnam War and were  advocates for civil rights  

o Students for a Democratic Society was the largest New Left group  against the Vietnam War

 New Right  

o Made up of conservative activists who were against abortion,  homosexuality, and the Equal Rights Amendment, among other things   Robert Kennedy  

o The Democratic presidential nominee who was assassinated in 1968   Democratic National Convention  

o August 1968

o The mayor of Chicago ordered police to attack nonviolent protesters  outside of the Democratic National Convention site  

 The Silent Majority  

o White working class and Southern whites

o Nixon promised these things to appease this group:  

 Limits on race-based civil rights  

 Increased “law and order” on the streets  

 Contempt for the culture of the youth at the time  

Feminism and LGBT Rights  

 National Organization for Women

o Led by Betty Friedan  

o Group devoted to women’s equality at work and other feminist issues  o Eventually became the largest women’s rights group  

 Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)  

o Allowed equal treatment to all American citizens not despite their sex o Failed ratification in the states due to the Religious Right  

 Miss America protest  

o Feminist protest against the Miss America Pageant due to the sexual  revolution’s increase of rape, sexual harassment, and unwanted  pregnancy  

 Roe v. Wade

o The Supreme Court case that legalized abortion due to the feminist  campaign regarding body control  

 Stonewall Riots  

o Occurred at a gay bar in New York  

o LGBT citizens fought back against police brutality and energized the  LGBT movements  

 Harvey Milk  

o An openly gay politician in San Francisco  

o Became a key proponent in LGBTQ causes and prevented the passage  of the Briggs Amendment (banned gay teachers in public schools)   AIDS Quilt  

o Memorial dedicated to those who have died because of AIDS o Displayed occasionally on the National Mall in DC

Chapter 29

 Watergate  

o An office building housing the Democratic Party headquarters for the  1972 election

o Men were discovered trying to break into the building to spy on the  Democratic Party

o President Nixon ultimately resigned from the Presidency due to the  scandal  

 Watergate babies  

o New Democratic members of Congress elected after Watergate who  encouraged greater transparency in the government  

 Stagflation  

o The combined experience of high unemployment rates, high inflation,  and a decrease in consumer demand  

o Led to the lowest standard of American living since WWII  

 OPEC oil embargo  

o The Middle East temporarily stopped selling oil to the US due to the  US’s aid to Israel in the Yom Kippur War  

 Affirmative action  

o The principle of working for greater representation of racial minorities  and women in the workplace and in other areas of life  

 Rev. Billy Graham  

o The most prominent preacher post-WWII  

o Reinstated the importance of family life  

 Religious Right  

o Opposed abortion, the ERA, and LGBTQ movements  

o Known as the “perfect enemy” to the New Left and began the “culture  wars” of the 80s  

Chapter 30  

 Ronald Reagan  

o Republican President in the 80s  

o Was conservative in issues such as politics, economics, culture, and  foreign policy  

o Encouraged free-market economics, religious traditionalism, and  anticommunism  

 “Reagan Democrats”  

o Democrats who supported Reagan because of his ideals  

 “Supply-side” economics  

o The idea that tax cuts would stimulate supply in businesses and the  benefit would trickle down to the middle class in the form of jobs and  affordable products

 “rollback”  

o A policy mean to not only contain communism, but to completely force  it out of countries where it already existed

 Mujaheddin  

o A group that the US supported in Afghanistan  

o The mujaheddin ultimately forced communism out of Afghanistan  o Seen as the biggest success of rollback  

 AIDS crisis  

o AIDS became prominent in the 80s, but because of the Religious  Right’s opposition of homosexuality, research and medical treatment  was greatly suppressed  

 “family values”  

o Opposition to feminism, abortion, pornography, LGBT rights, and sex  ed was the basis of the Religious Right in the 1980s

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