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Intro to Children & Adolescents

by: Caroline

Intro to Children & Adolescents NUR 405

Marketplace > La Salle University > Nursing and Health Sciences > NUR 405 > Intro to Children Adolescents
La Salle
GPA 3.0
Care of Children & Adolescents

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About this Document

This is an outline of the basic principles of pediatric nursing. It includes an overview on all of the developmental stages, milestones and theories on development from infancy to adolescence.
Care of Children & Adolescents
Study Guide
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Caroline on Friday September 4, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to NUR 405 at La Salle University taught by in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Care of Children & Adolescents in Nursing and Health Sciences at La Salle University.

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Date Created: 09/04/15
Principles of Pediatric Nursing Growth and Development Growth a physical measurement that evaluates health status Measured by Weight Height Head circumference Abdominal girth Development measurement of the skill or ability to function Cephlocaudal head to tail development Proximal to distal Gross to ne motor skills Measured by Observations performing tasks Communication with parents regarding the child at home Standardized tests Denver Development Screen MCHAT Test for signssymptoms of Autism Given at 18mo and 2yr Factors that affect Growth amp Development Genech Environment Nutrition SocioEconomic Status Relationship with ParentsFamily Ordinal position in family oldest youngest middle Heath Culture Religion Ethnicity Schools Family Systems Stress quotPlayquot is very important in the growth and development of a child Different types of play occur during different stages of development Types of Play include Onlooker Infant and young toddlers Watching Peek a Boo observatioin Solitary Toddlers Self play not much sharing or active interaction Parallel Toddlers Still not much sharing kids could be playing with the same toys right next to each other but not necessarily involving each other in the play No real rules or games Associative PreSchool Interacting Playing house or with a kitchen or tool set Working together in some ways Cooperative School Age Rules games team sports cards Win vs Lose Overview of Ages and Developmental Milestones Infant Very rapid growth Should be losing newborn re exes Separationstranger anxiety is expected Sensorimotor Play 0 Severe irritability Poor alert state 0 Poor suckswallow Absent or asymmetrical grasp HyperHypotonia Asymmetrical re exes Highpitched cry Nonconsolable Toddler quotNo Me I doquot Growth slows Fontanels must close Rituals are very important Potty training language feeding dressing themselves Separation issues still common Gross motor skills developing scribble before writing Not aware of danger 0 Persistent toe walking this can happen from the achellies tendon being too tight due to hypertonia which could be a sign of a neurological disorder Obsessive clinging to parentguardian No loss of primitive re exes tongue thrusting jaw clenching 0 Not walking independently 0 Not talking single words Pre School Taking mitation Active imagination Gender roles start to develop Asks questions is curious about hisher own body AssociativeCooperative Play 0 Signi cant quottoe inquot walking Unintelligible speech no use of sentances Missing speech sounds Extreme withdraw Extreme hyperactivity Overly aggressive School Aged Growth differs from boy to girl Peers are very important School is important hobbies friends Some puberty changes take place Emotional growth Losing teethgetting quotgrown upquot teeth Peer pressure bullying can become to be an issue Group play team sports games Cooperative Play Adolescence Rapid growth High risk behavior is a major concern quotwho am Iquot Primary and secondary sexual characteristics develop Body image Sef image Eating disorders suicide bullying peer pressure


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