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JTCC / Biomed Engr/Joint / BIO 141 / Enumerate the two classes of energy.

Enumerate the two classes of energy.

Enumerate the two classes of energy.

Description

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Chapter 3If you want to learn more check out What is raoult’s law for nonvolatile solute?

Energy - the capacity to do work

  • Energy and matter are not the same

Matter takes up space and has mass

We also discuss several other topics like What is the complex nature of defining a social problem?

Two classes of energyWe also discuss several other topics like What is the difference between extensive and intensive environment?

Potential energy is the energy of position or stored energy

Kinetic energy is the energy of motion

Potential energy can be converted or changed to kinetic energy, and vice versaIf you want to learn more check out What is the meaning of chronic infections?

E.G. a bow and arrow - when the arrow is pulled back that is potential energy. The potential is converted to kinetic energy as the string is released and the arrow flies

If you want to learn more check out What is the meaning of convection in the density of air?

Forms of energy

Chemical energy[N form of potential energy]

Chemical energy - The energy stored in a molecules chemical bonds

  • Most important form of energy in the human body
  • Mainly used for the energy - requiring processes of movement, synthesis of molecules

Don't forget about the age old question of What is gram stain?

Three important molecules

Primarily in energy storage:

Triglycerides - involved in long term energy storage in a dispose connective tissue

Glucose - is stored in the liver and muscle tissue in the form of the polymer glycogen

Adenosine Triphosphate - [ATP]

  • Stored in all cells in limited amounts and is produced continuously and used immediately for cells
  • HEHT~ kinetic energy associated with random motion of atoms, ions, or molecules, it's considered unstable measured in temperature

Thermodynamics

  • The study of energy transformations (thermo = heat dynamics = force

~laws~ first law

  • Energy can neither be created nor destroyed it can only be transformed or converted from one form to another

Second law

  • Everytime energy is transformed from one form to another, some of that energy is converted to heat never 100% conversion of one form of unstable energy to another

Kinetic Energy Forms

Electro energy - the movement of charged particles

Mechanical energy - an object in motion due to an applied force

Sound energy - occurs when the compressions of molecules that move in a solid, liquid, or gas in cause by a vibrating object

Radiant energy - is the energy of electromagnetic waves traveling in the universe

The Electromagnetic Spectrum

The electromagnetic spectrum - different forms of radiant energy are represented on an electromagnetic spectrum. The form of energy are arranged from shortest wavelength to longest wavelength, also with frequencies

Chemical Reactions are classified off of 3 different criteria

  1. Changes in chemical structure
  2. Changes in chemical energy
  3. Whether the reaction is irreversible or reversible

Catabolism - involves complex molecules being broken down, or digested, into simpler molecules

Anabolism - is the reverse reaction, namely synthesis or the building of complex molecules from simpler

Metabolism - is the collective term for all biochemical reactions that occur in the human

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