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OLEMISS / Psychology / PSY 309 / What does pavlov's dog mean?

What does pavlov's dog mean?

What does pavlov's dog mean?

Description


What did pavlov's experiment prove?




What was john watson's theory?




What does pavlov's dog mean?



2/4 2/6 Chapter 3 reflex→ not the leg kick, the relationship between the patellar strike and the muscle reflection → innate stimulus reaction → relationship between stimulus and a response, not the behavior Neutral/Conditioned ⇨ Unconditioned Stimulus (metronome) Stimulus (meat) ⇩ ⇩ ⇨ Reflex Conditioned Unconditioned Response (drool at Stimulus (drool) Sound of metronDon't forget about the age old question of primacy effect interpersonal communication
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ome) Pavlov - He was a physiologist - Studied digestion - He became interested in salivation - Took dogs and placed a system in the glands that cause salivation in order to measure it - Weighed drool under different conditions - Thinks everything has a cause and effect until he does this experiment and the effect happens but there is no cause - The experiment laid the foundations and is still the overarching model even today The experiment: - He would prepare and unconditioned stimulus (meat) and produce and unconditioned response (drool) - This is what is expected, but the dogs started salivating before they got the meat powder - He then paired the unconditioned stimulus (meat) with a neutral stimulus (metronome) - The neutral stimulus does not produce any response on its own - Once neutral stim has been paired with the unconditioned stimulus it is called the conditioned stimulus - Many often think that he used a bell but actually used a metronome - Paired the sound metronome with the meat powder- Later when the metronome came on the dogs salivated despite no meat powder being released (conditioned response) - Conditioned response and unconditioned response will be the same in form as well as intensity - So predictable that we have a mathematical formula Need to be able to recognize conditioned and unconditioned responses in example questions for test - Making your pupils dilate Pavlov experiment End of the 19th century beginning of the 20th century - Makes its way from russia, translated, transported to USA translated to english, and is in the john hopkins university library in digestion and physiology section and a psychologist finds it John Watson - Did terrible things but changed psychology but nearly ever domain of public and private life forever by torturing babies - Watson-Rainer experiments - Made millions using classical conditioning in order to make people buy product - Little albert- kid from day care at john hopkins, mom had no idea watson was doing experiments on him - He was so sure of what the outcome was gonna be because of posterity, videoing was a lot harder back then and he paid to do this - Had the money and the ego to do this - Exposing albert to fire, dogs, and monkeys (things that are scary) and no reaction - Introduce him to a rat, want to show that he has no fear of the rat - Shows albert the rat and then smashes a pan behind him and scares him, does it multiple times (6 times with a few minutes in each trial) - Eventually did they started putting the rat in alberts lap and he would automatically pop his pants and fall over without the pans being smashed behind him - Unconditioned stimulus is the sound, unconditioned response is fear, conditioned stimulus is rat, conditioned response is fear - Every single one of our emotions have been conditioned over our lives, outside of our own awareness - Only born with 7 maybe 8 primary emotions

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