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OLEMISS / Psychology / PSY 309 / What does pavlov's dog mean?

What does pavlov's dog mean?

What does pavlov's dog mean?


What did pavlov's experiment prove?

What was john watson's theory?

What does pavlov's dog mean?

2/4 2/6 Chapter 3 reflex→ not the leg kick, the relationship between the patellar strike and the muscle reflection → innate stimulus reaction → relationship between stimulus and a response, not the behavior Neutral/Conditioned ⇨ Unconditioned Stimulus (metronome) Stimulus (meat) ⇩ ⇩ ⇨ Reflex Conditioned Unconditioned Response (drool at Stimulus (drool) Sound of metronDon't forget about the age old question of primacy effect interpersonal communication
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ome) Pavlov - He was a physiologist - Studied digestion - He became interested in salivation - Took dogs and placed a system in the glands that cause salivation in order to measure it - Weighed drool under different conditions - Thinks everything has a cause and effect until he does this experiment and the effect happens but there is no cause - The experiment laid the foundations and is still the overarching model even today The experiment: - He would prepare and unconditioned stimulus (meat) and produce and unconditioned response (drool) - This is what is expected, but the dogs started salivating before they got the meat powder - He then paired the unconditioned stimulus (meat) with a neutral stimulus (metronome) - The neutral stimulus does not produce any response on its own - Once neutral stim has been paired with the unconditioned stimulus it is called the conditioned stimulus - Many often think that he used a bell but actually used a metronome - Paired the sound metronome with the meat powder- Later when the metronome came on the dogs salivated despite no meat powder being released (conditioned response) - Conditioned response and unconditioned response will be the same in form as well as intensity - So predictable that we have a mathematical formula Need to be able to recognize conditioned and unconditioned responses in example questions for test - Making your pupils dilate Pavlov experiment End of the 19th century beginning of the 20th century - Makes its way from russia, translated, transported to USA translated to english, and is in the john hopkins university library in digestion and physiology section and a psychologist finds it John Watson - Did terrible things but changed psychology but nearly ever domain of public and private life forever by torturing babies - Watson-Rainer experiments - Made millions using classical conditioning in order to make people buy product - Little albert- kid from day care at john hopkins, mom had no idea watson was doing experiments on him - He was so sure of what the outcome was gonna be because of posterity, videoing was a lot harder back then and he paid to do this - Had the money and the ego to do this - Exposing albert to fire, dogs, and monkeys (things that are scary) and no reaction - Introduce him to a rat, want to show that he has no fear of the rat - Shows albert the rat and then smashes a pan behind him and scares him, does it multiple times (6 times with a few minutes in each trial) - Eventually did they started putting the rat in alberts lap and he would automatically pop his pants and fall over without the pans being smashed behind him - Unconditioned stimulus is the sound, unconditioned response is fear, conditioned stimulus is rat, conditioned response is fear - Every single one of our emotions have been conditioned over our lives, outside of our own awareness - Only born with 7 maybe 8 primary emotions

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