The Reconstruction Review U.S. History 1876 to Present:
1. What was the central issue of the Reconstruction?
2. What were the viewpoints of radical republicans?
3. Describe the WadeDavis Bill of 1864
4. What did the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction do?
5. What was the Ten Percent Plan also known as?
6. Explain Abe Lincoln’s position on the Reconstruction and his goals. 7. How will Andrew Johnson become president?
8. Which southern states will have Unionist governments by 1864?
9. Understand Andrew Johnson’s political beliefs and views
10. What was Andrew Johnson’s Reconstruction Plan?
11. In what ways did Congress restrict presidential Reconstruction?
12. What was the Tenure of Office Act?
13. What is vagrancy?
14. What were Jim Crow Laws?
15. What were Black Codes?
16. What role will Congress play, and what actions will they take in the Reconstruction? 17. Why did northerners and Republicans grow uneasy and disillusioned with Johnson’s approach to Reconstruction?
18. What events caused Congress to take the initiative in passing the 14th amendment? 19. How did the Reconstruction Amendments create or expand civil rights in the United
States, and were they effective?
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20. What was the Freedman’s Bureau?
21. What did the Supreme Court case Marberry v. Madison establish? 22. Explain sharecropping.
23. What were the viewpoints of radical democrats? We also discuss several other topics like Which molecules have london dispersion forces?
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24. What was the Civil Rights Act of 1866, and who will draft it? 25. What were the Reconstruction Acts?
26. What did the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments do?
27. Why will the Reconstruction Era end, and what document will officially end it? 28. What happened at the Massacre at Colfax, Louisana? Don't forget about the age old question of Which discount is allowed for timely payment of due amount?
29. Explain the 1876 Presidential Election.
30. Why will Andrew Johnson be impeached?
31. Was Andrew Johnson removed from office? If no, why?
32. Who was Robert Smalls
33. When was Reconstruction?
The Reconstruction (KEY):
1. The main issue of the Reconstruction was how to satisfy the South while satisfying the north. Also, what would be done with the 8 million freed slaves.
2. Radical republicans fought for freed slaves freedoms. They wanted to be stricter on the South and pass legislation that would effectively aid freed slaves.
3. The WadeDavis Bill was written by Congress and required that 50% of a state’s white males take a loyalty oath to be readmitted into the United States; it forced states to give blacks voting rights. Abe Lincoln will pocket veto this bill.
4. Lincoln wrote the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction. This plan proposed for 10% of a state’s voter population (at the time white males) to swear allegiance to the United States government as the requirements for a state to be readmitted to the Union. This plan also required the state to approve Emancipation.
5. The Ten Percent Plan is also known as the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction. 6. Lincoln believed that the South illegally seceded from the Union; due to this, his plans for Reconstruction were forgiveness based. Hence the Ten Percent Plan. If you want to learn more check out What is caused by faulty genetic imprinting?
7. Andrew Johnson will become president after the assassination of Abe Lincoln. 8. Louisiana and Arkansas
9. Andrew Johnson was a radical democrat. Johnson wanted to restrict black freedoms. 10. Johnson’s Reconstruction Plan provided pardons to those taking a loyalty oath (limited to high Confederate officials and people owning over $20,000 in property). His plan also stated that a state must abolish slavery to be readmitted.
11. Congress will pass several laws to restrict presidential powers; these laws will restrict him from appointing Supreme Court justices and restricted his authority over the army. The Tenure of Office Act will be one of the major acts passed by Congress to limit presidential powers.
12. The Tenure of Office Act restricted presidential power over the army by making it illegal for the president to remove specific officials without the consent of the Senate. 13. Vagrancy laws made it illegal for certain groups of people to work in specific fields 14. Jim Crow laws were both state and local laws that enforced racial segregation. 15. Black codes were restrictive laws that were designed to limit the freedoms of freed slaves. If you want to learn more check out What are the 5 types of building construction?
16. Congress will seize control of the Reconstruction from Andrew Johnson to adopt laws that protect blacks rights. The 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments will be passed to protect natural rights.
17. Johnson refused to punish the South for the actions of slavery; he also refused to pass strict laws to prohibit unequal rights.
18. Andrew Johnson intended to abandon the Republican party and the readmittance of Confederate states.
19. Reconstruction amendments abolished slavery, provided natural rights, and gave voting rights to freed slaves. They were effective for equality.
20. The Freedman’s Bureau was established by Congress to help millions of freed slaves in the South from the aftermath of the Civil War.
21. This Supreme Court case established judicial review.
22. Sharecropping is a form of agriculture in which a landowner allows someone to use their land, and in return, that person receives a share of the crops produced.
23. Radical democrats were against black rights. They advocated for Jim Crow laws and the Black Codes.
24. This was the first federal law to define citizenship and affirm that all citizens are equal under the law. This was written by Congress, but vetoed by Johnson.
25. They were legislation that would outline how the United States would readmit Confederate states. Republicans will write most bills
26. The 13th amendment abolished slavery. The 14th amendment gave natural rights to freed slaves and blacks. The 15th amendment gave voting rights to blacks.
27. The Compromise of 1876 will effectively end the Reconstruction Era. This will be a result of the 1876 election.
28. A white, Southern militia murdered approximately 150 black men. 29. This was a race between Rutherford Hayes (Republican) and Samuel Tilden (Democrat). It was one of the most controversial presidential elections in American history. 30. Andrew Johnson will be impeached for illegally removing Edwin Stanton from his appointed position twice, replacing him the first time with Ulysses Grant, and the second time with General Lorenzo. He was also impeached for conspiring to threaten and intimidate Stanton, and for conspiring to steal government property with Lorenzo. 31. No. The Senate did not reach a 2/3rds vote to remove him from office. 32. A black politician.
33. Presidential Reconstruction was from 18651866, and radical Reconstruction was from 1867 to 1877.