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ECC / Engineering / Sociology 113 / How gender gets reproduced and maintained?

How gender gets reproduced and maintained?

How gender gets reproduced and maintained?

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1. Another sociological framework, conflict theory, takes a very different  approach to explaining gender inequality in relation to the functionalist take.  Conflict theorists argue:


How gender gets reproduced and maintained?



 A: Gender inequality exists because it benefits a group in power, namely  men, who also have the power to shape society to best serve their interests  

2. Which of the three primary sociological paradigms is most likely to support  the idea of separate spheres (men in the workplace, women in the home)?  

 A: Functionalism  

3. As one of the three primary sociological paradigms, this theoretical perspective  primarily focuses on the social construction of reality; therefore, in terms of  gender, this perspective helps us understand how we socially construct gender.

 A: Symbolic Interactionism  

4. The process of learning normative gender roles, society's cultural norms, value  practices, and expectations of gender, specifically masculinity and femininity is  described as:


How we reproduce gender through our everyday behaviors and interactions?



 A: Gender socialization  

5. Through her ethnographic research on gender, Margaret Mead concluded:  If you want to learn more check out Does the us affect which part of the compound cs they are learning from?

 A: cross cultural differences in displays of gender between men and  women are too great for nature or biology alone to explain gendered behavior

6. Cross cultural research empirically undermined biological essentialist thinking  by revealing  

 A: Wide variation in gender displays as well as wide ranging diversity in  gender systems across multiple cultures  

7. According to Messner, the parents sitting in the stand of the AYSO opening  ceremony declared "they are SO different," in response to the children's  gendered displays of behavior (for example, boys chanting, "NO BARBIE" and  the girls proudly rallying around their Barbie float). According to Messner, the  children's behavior as well as the parents communication about their  observations of gendered behavior exemplify how gender gets reproduced and  maintained at the:  


How we begin the socialization process even prior to birth?



 A: The interactional level  

8. As one of the three primary sociological paradigms, this theoretical perspective  primarily focuses on uneven power relations and structural inequalities that  shape relationships between social groups.  If you want to learn more check out What is the medication of deviance?

 A: Conflict Theory  

9. _____________________ refers to the social expectations about behavior  regarded as appropriate for the members of each sex.  

 A: Gender

10. According to social scientists, one's sex is determined by   A: anatomy at birth  

11. Some people argue that men and women are better suited for different tasks  and separate spheres due to innate and categorical differences between them.  This kind of thinking reflects:  

 A. Biological essentialism  

12. In class, we developed a list of traits typically associated with masculinity in  our society. Which of the following traits did we identify as characteristic of  masculinity?

 A: All of the Above  

13. The U.S. and most Western Societies treat gender as  

 A: A binary system comprised of two, and only two, sexes and genders  

14. Sociological theories attempt to explain reasons for gender inequality. One  sociological framework, functionalism, argues: Don't forget about the age old question of Do people increase speed by increasing sf or sl during walking and running?

 A: All of the above  

15. According to sociologists, gender is:  

 A: A social construct

16. Messner discussed a particular institutional character of the AYSO context he  analyzed. He discussed ways in which adult divisions of labor and power and  formal sex segregation of the teams themselves reinforced a particular gender  hierarchy. The division of labor within the organization as well as the sex  segregation of the teams reflects an ordering of gender at what level?  Don't forget about the age old question of What do parasite need to grow and reproduce?

 A: The level of structural context  

17. Research shows that on average, women tend to speak more words in a day  than men. This finding leads some to argue that this demonstrates that women  have higher verbal ability than men. According to your text and professor, other  research demonstrates that parents tend to talk more with girl children than  male children, thereby suggesting that increased verbal display of women and  girls (as compared to men and boys) could be a function of:  We also discuss several other topics like How does the neutral stimulus become a cs so that it will elicit a cr?

 A: the increased structural and interactional opportunity provided to girls  and women to develop verbal skills  

18. Which of the three primary sociological paradigms is most likely to support  the idea that in order to improve gender relations we need to equalize  opportunities and access to power among men and women?  

 A: Conflict theorists  

19. In class, we developed a list of traits typically associated with femininity in  our society. Which of the following traits did we identify as characteristic of  femininity?  

 A: All of the Above

20. According to Messner in his article, 'Barbie Girls versus Sea Monsters,'  gender socialization occurs on which three levels?  

 A: Interactional, cultural, structural  

21. Symbolic interactionism is a micro level sociological theoretical framework.  In terms of gender, symbolic interactionists help us to better understand:

 A: How we reproduce gender through our everyday behaviors and  interactions  We also discuss several other topics like How should the researchr show the maximal change in action potential firing ?

22. Which of the following exemplifies how we begin the socialization process  even prior to birth?:  

 A: All of the Above  

23. As one of the three primary sociological paradigms, this theoretical  perspective primarily focuses on social order and stability, therefore focuses on  the functional role of gender roles in relationships and in society?  

 A: Functionalism

24. Which of the following challenge binary constructions of gender?:   A: All of the above  

25. Through his analysis Messner demonstrates the "multileveled architecture"  of the social construction of gender in everyday life. In doing so, we learn that:  

 A: The interactional, cultural, and structural levels all play equally  influential roles in how gender gets created, reproduced, and contested because  all three levels work simultaneously toward the social construction of gender  

26. We all engage in a lifelong process through which society's norms and values  are taught and learned and where a sense of self is developed. Sociologists refer  to this process as:  

 A: Socialization  

27. In her study of cross cultural variations in displays of gender, Margaret Mead  found that societies of New Guinea:  

 A: each displayed very different gender structures and varied notably  compared to American gender systems  

28.Which of the following are examples of sex traits purely driven by biology?   A: testosterone

29. In 'Social Structure and Testosterone,' Kemper shows that social, situational,  and experiential context plays a pivotal role in the production of testosterone.  What specific finding from his study and analysis supports this argument:  

 A: Male testosterone levels were found to increase with the experience of  winning or dominating in competition. The same is true of women.  

30. Messner described in depth the ways that the boys and girls soccer teams  differentiated themselves from each other. Team names, team colors, songs,  banners, and Barbie all represented ways that the girls and boys attempted to  maintain and sometimes, even contest, gender boundaries at what level?

 A: The level of cultural symbol

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