1. Another sociological framework, conflict theory, takes a very different approach to explaining gender inequality in relation to the functionalist take. Conflict theorists argue:
A: Gender inequality exists because it benefits a group in power, namely men, who also have the power to shape society to best serve their interests
2. Which of the three primary sociological paradigms is most likely to support the idea of separate spheres (men in the workplace, women in the home)?
3. As one of the three primary sociological paradigms, this theoretical perspective primarily focuses on the social construction of reality; therefore, in terms of gender, this perspective helps us understand how we socially construct gender.
A: Symbolic Interactionism
4. The process of learning normative gender roles, society's cultural norms, value practices, and expectations of gender, specifically masculinity and femininity is described as:
A: Gender socialization
5. Through her ethnographic research on gender, Margaret Mead concluded: If you want to learn more check out Does the us affect which part of the compound cs they are learning from?
A: cross cultural differences in displays of gender between men and women are too great for nature or biology alone to explain gendered behavior
6. Cross cultural research empirically undermined biological essentialist thinking by revealing
A: Wide variation in gender displays as well as wide ranging diversity in gender systems across multiple cultures
7. According to Messner, the parents sitting in the stand of the AYSO opening ceremony declared "they are SO different," in response to the children's gendered displays of behavior (for example, boys chanting, "NO BARBIE" and the girls proudly rallying around their Barbie float). According to Messner, the children's behavior as well as the parents communication about their observations of gendered behavior exemplify how gender gets reproduced and maintained at the:
A: The interactional level
8. As one of the three primary sociological paradigms, this theoretical perspective primarily focuses on uneven power relations and structural inequalities that shape relationships between social groups. If you want to learn more check out What is the medication of deviance?
A: Conflict Theory
9. _____________________ refers to the social expectations about behavior regarded as appropriate for the members of each sex.
10. According to social scientists, one's sex is determined by A: anatomy at birth
11. Some people argue that men and women are better suited for different tasks and separate spheres due to innate and categorical differences between them. This kind of thinking reflects:
A. Biological essentialism
12. In class, we developed a list of traits typically associated with masculinity in our society. Which of the following traits did we identify as characteristic of masculinity?
A: All of the Above
13. The U.S. and most Western Societies treat gender as
A: A binary system comprised of two, and only two, sexes and genders
14. Sociological theories attempt to explain reasons for gender inequality. One sociological framework, functionalism, argues: Don't forget about the age old question of Do people increase speed by increasing sf or sl during walking and running?
A: All of the above
15. According to sociologists, gender is:
A: A social construct
16. Messner discussed a particular institutional character of the AYSO context he analyzed. He discussed ways in which adult divisions of labor and power and formal sex segregation of the teams themselves reinforced a particular gender hierarchy. The division of labor within the organization as well as the sex segregation of the teams reflects an ordering of gender at what level? Don't forget about the age old question of What do parasite need to grow and reproduce?
A: The level of structural context
17. Research shows that on average, women tend to speak more words in a day than men. This finding leads some to argue that this demonstrates that women have higher verbal ability than men. According to your text and professor, other research demonstrates that parents tend to talk more with girl children than male children, thereby suggesting that increased verbal display of women and girls (as compared to men and boys) could be a function of: We also discuss several other topics like How does the neutral stimulus become a cs so that it will elicit a cr?
A: the increased structural and interactional opportunity provided to girls and women to develop verbal skills
18. Which of the three primary sociological paradigms is most likely to support the idea that in order to improve gender relations we need to equalize opportunities and access to power among men and women?
A: Conflict theorists
19. In class, we developed a list of traits typically associated with femininity in our society. Which of the following traits did we identify as characteristic of femininity?
A: All of the Above
20. According to Messner in his article, 'Barbie Girls versus Sea Monsters,' gender socialization occurs on which three levels?
A: Interactional, cultural, structural
21. Symbolic interactionism is a micro level sociological theoretical framework. In terms of gender, symbolic interactionists help us to better understand:
A: How we reproduce gender through our everyday behaviors and interactions We also discuss several other topics like How should the researchr show the maximal change in action potential firing ?
22. Which of the following exemplifies how we begin the socialization process even prior to birth?:
A: All of the Above
23. As one of the three primary sociological paradigms, this theoretical perspective primarily focuses on social order and stability, therefore focuses on the functional role of gender roles in relationships and in society?
24. Which of the following challenge binary constructions of gender?: A: All of the above
25. Through his analysis Messner demonstrates the "multileveled architecture" of the social construction of gender in everyday life. In doing so, we learn that:
A: The interactional, cultural, and structural levels all play equally influential roles in how gender gets created, reproduced, and contested because all three levels work simultaneously toward the social construction of gender
26. We all engage in a lifelong process through which society's norms and values are taught and learned and where a sense of self is developed. Sociologists refer to this process as:
27. In her study of cross cultural variations in displays of gender, Margaret Mead found that societies of New Guinea:
A: each displayed very different gender structures and varied notably compared to American gender systems
28.Which of the following are examples of sex traits purely driven by biology? A: testosterone
29. In 'Social Structure and Testosterone,' Kemper shows that social, situational, and experiential context plays a pivotal role in the production of testosterone. What specific finding from his study and analysis supports this argument:
A: Male testosterone levels were found to increase with the experience of winning or dominating in competition. The same is true of women.
30. Messner described in depth the ways that the boys and girls soccer teams differentiated themselves from each other. Team names, team colors, songs, banners, and Barbie all represented ways that the girls and boys attempted to maintain and sometimes, even contest, gender boundaries at what level?
A: The level of cultural symbol