August 31, 2015
Intro to Comparative Politics- Week 2
I. What do states do?
A. Definition of a state (in notes from last week)
B. State functions:
1. Provide security and order (internal and external)
2. Create and enforce law
3. Provide services
4. Gather revenue (taxation)
5. Build a national identity (nation-state)
II. Comparing state strength
A. State strength is a variable, it’s different in every state around the world (failed, weak, strong)
B. Failed: Somalia- there is virtually no recognition of the state’s authority over the people who live there, people who live in the state Somalia do not identify as “Somalian”, state is not capable of providing services and enforcing laws (Somali pirates own a large part of the state’s coastline)
Don't forget about the age old question of What is the definition of summer solstice?
C. Weak: Lebanon, India- there is recognition of the state’s authority and legitimacy but they are not very effective in enforcing laws and providing services to their people (ex: in Lebanon, there is no waste services, so garbage is just piling up in the streets)
D. Strong: United States, United Kingdom- these states’ legitimacy and authority are almost nationally recognized and they are effective in performing the functions of a state (listed above), however, they are not perfect states
E. There is a correlation between how wealthy a state is and how strong it is III. Where do states come from?
A. The Philosophical Answer
August 31, 2015
1. People moved from the state of nature to states, and idea that Thomas Hobbes speaks about
a) In the state of nature, people are almost entirely concerned with their personal wellbeing, even if that involves killing another person, state of nature was very violent Don't forget about the age old question of What is prompting?
b) Hobbes says that people will agree to a “social contract”, which means that they give up some of their freedom that they had in the state of nature and in return, the state offers them rules that keep them protected
B. The Historical Answer
1. Hunter-gatherer bands
a) close to the state of nature, not very large groups, very little rules 2. Civilizations and city-states
a) Leviathan (some laws), arose because of an agricultural revolution that allowed people to become sedentary and grow their own food rather than searching for it If you want to learn more check out What is the content of the stanford-binet iq test?
Don't forget about the age old question of What is mono substituent?
We also discuss several other topics like What is the definition of reaction rate?
3. Modern states If you want to learn more check out Bioenergetics is the study of what?
a) Early Modern States: in Europe forming between 1500-1800, also in China
b) Late Modern States: former European colonies (US, Latin America, Africa, etc.), independence from early 1800s and mid-20th century