Study Guide for Exam 1
Study Guide for Exam 1 SOC 1523
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by KatieNotetaker on Friday September 4, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to SOC 1523 at University of Oklahoma taught by Clay in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 292 views. For similar materials see Social Problems in Sociology at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 09/04/15
Study Guide for Exam 1 09042015 1 The quotDominant Trendsquot Recession housing foreclosure unemployment the national debt 0 Health care system 0 Insurance 0 Federal and state debts o Electoral corruption 0 The disparity between the fortunes of the haves and the quothave notsquot 2 What are some of the good and bad aspects of globalization Good parts 0 Provides lowercost goods for consumers in the US and other advanced industrial nations 0 Brings new jobs and more rapid economic development to developing regions of the world such as the Indian subcontinent and China Bad parts 0 Takes jobs away from workers in the world s wealthier nations including the US 0 Facilitates the rise of new forms of crime and other social problems 3 What is meant by the quotsocial safety netquot and how does this relate to the idea of quotcultural warsquot 0 The quotsocial safety netquot is basically referring to services like welfare unemployment bene ts and universal healthcare provided by the state or other institutions that prevent individuals from falling behind a poverty line 0 This is an example of a cultural war because it shows the two sets of cultural values from conservatives and liberals 0 Different perspectives of the role of government 5 Should they provide a social safety net or not Ex Extreme conservatism vs the social Darwinists Social Darwinists believe that the government should not provide a social safety net Something should be done but we don t know what El What is social Darwinism It refers to the survival of the ttest and natural selection relation to sociology Is there a culture war in the US Yes and some examples include gay marriage abortion and the morningafter pill What is a social problem Often closely interrelated When enough people in a society agree that a condition exists that threatens the quality of their lives and their most cherished values and they also agree that something should be done to remedy that condition The main reason for social problems 0 Societies are always changing and having to adapt to new conditions 0 Failure to adapt leads to social problems Threatens core values 0 Some will argue we don t have core values 0 Hard work 0 Success o Materialism 0 Freedom 0 equality 5 Rupert Murdoch Chinese opium epidemic and women s right to vote 0 The point Kornblum is trying to make is that all of the examplespeopleorganizations are being greedy and doing the wrong thing just to make more money Rupert Murdoch o Tremendous power 0 Owns magazines tv stations 0 The opium problem in China 0 400000 addicts o the role of power 6 What is sociology theoretically driven and it is empirically based The Enlightenment Age of reason All of our social problems were created by people 0 Humanism Everyone was created with this ability of reason A lot of the ideas from the constitution come from the enlightenment What is meant by empiricism The idea that all knowledge is derived from sense experience What are the three dominant theoretical perspectives of sociology Functionalism o Views society as a vast organism whose parts are interrelated o Durkheim As society changes roles and statuses change 0 Macro Con ict theory 0 Views society as marked by con icts due to inequities in class race ethnicity gender age and other divisions that produce con icting values 0 Mark Weber and Karl Marx 0 Macro Symbolic interactionism 0 Holds that de nitions of deviance or social problems are subjective o Mead 0 Micro What is the concept of a social structure The predictable aspect of life pattern and people knowing where they t and staying there I The social sciences table 11 History 0 Study of the past 0 Used to present social problems 0 Cultural anthropology 0 Social organization and development of smaller nonindustrial societies both past and present 0 Psychology 0 Deals with human mental and emotional processes Mainly individual experience 0 Social psychology 0 Study of how psychological processes behavior and personalities of individuals in uence or are in uenced by social processes and settings 0 Economics 0 Study the levels of income in a society and the distribution of income among the society s members Political Science 0 The workings of government at every level of society 8 For a functionalist what is social disorganization and what three ways is social disorganization manifested 0 From functionalism 0 Society has changed so fast so that is why there is this social disequilibrium o Societies are always changing and having to adapt to new conditions Failure to adapt successfully leads to social problems 0 Ways it is manifested o Normalness Arises when people have no rules that tell them how to behave 0 Culture con ict When people feel trapped by contradictory rules 0 Breakdown When obedience to a set of rules is not rewarded or is punished 9 The Natural History of social problems 4 stages Stage 1 Problem de nition 0 When some groups in society are trying to gain recognition leading to social conditions being quotoffensive harmful or undesirablequot Stage 2 Legitimacy 0 When groups pressing their claims are considered credible Stage 3 Reemergence of demands 0 When original groups demand stronger measures more funding and speedier handling of claims Stage 4 Rejection and institution building 0 When complainant groups decide that official responses to their demands are inadequate 10 Barry Glassner s view on the media and social problems sensationalism and violence he believes that the media s obsession with violence and talking about it is masking important changes in social problems that can be addressed through a social policy 11 What are some of the most common forms of research methodologies used to study social problems Ethnography o The close observation of interactions among people in a social group or organization Demographic studies 0 Studies how social conditions are distributed in human populations and how those populations are changing Survey Research 0 A way of gathering information from a number of people sample who represent the behavior and attitudes of the larger population from which they are selected Field Observation 0 When sociologists seek to understand the processes that occur among the people who are directly involved in a social problem 0 The sociologist participates directly in the social life of the individual Social Experiments 0 When experimental methods are applied to a study problem 0 Zimbardo Stanford County prison experiment Human behavior and authority Willing to punish other people for no good reason It was impossible to form a control group Raised questions about the ethical limits of social research The volunteers started to question whether it was the experiment or reality
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