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OLEMISS / History / ART 101 / What is the social contract?

What is the social contract?

What is the social contract?

Description

School: University of Mississippi
Department: History
Course: Introduction to American National Government
Professor: Heather ondercin
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: pol 101, Introduction to American National Government, and political science
Cost: 50
Name: Pol 101 Study Guide for Exam 1
Description: This study guide includes a definition, short answer, and fill in the blanks section and compiled from all the lecture notes over the past semester. It is based off of the notes I have uploaded to the website.
Uploaded: 02/28/2016
3 Pages 197 Views 13 Unlocks
Reviews

Kaela (Rating: )

I was sick all last week and these notes were exactly what I needed to get caught up. Cheers!



Study Guide for Exam 1 


What is the social contract?



Definitions 

1. Politics (*also name whose definition it is)

2. Power

3. Government

4. Civil Liberties

5. Voting Rights Act of 1965

6. Checks and Balances

7. Authority

a. Name and define the two types of authority

8. Theocracy

9. Enumerated Powers

10. Jim Crow Laws

a. Grandfather Clause

b. Literacy Tests

c. Poll Taxes

11. Oligarchy

12. Civil Rights Act of 1865

13. Judicial Review

14. Republicanism

15. Civil Rights Act of 1964

16. Civil Rights

17. Dictator


Who was the last state to ratify the 19th amendment?



18. Ideology

a. Also define political ideology

19. Monarchy

20. Fascism

21. Civil Rights Act of 1968

22. Federalism

a. Define the two types of Federalism

23. Political Culture

Fill in the Blank 

1. Quasi-Institutions are ____________________.

2. The three purpose of government are ________________,  ________________, and ________________.

3. Hobb’s state of nature without government is ____________,  ______________, _____________, _______________, and ____________. 4. Article 1 of the Constitution sets up the ____________________ branch;  Article 2 sets up the ________________________ branch; Article 3 sets up  the _________________________ branch.


Who was the first state women gained full suffrage?



5. A suspect class requires _____________________ scrutiny; Quasi-suspect  class requires __________________________ scrutiny; non-suspect class  requires __________________________.We also discuss several other topics like What market structure has very few large firms?

6. The last state to ratify the 19th amendment was  

______________________________.

7. Hobb’s said the best way to ___________________ is through government. 8. John Locke focused on ________________, _________________, and  _________________.

9. The original dilemma is _________________ vs _________________; the  modern dilemma is __________________ vs ___________________. 10. Minimum wage is used to promote _____________________________. 11. In the House of Representatives, each state gets _________ votes;  how many votes a state gets in the Senate is determined by  _________________________________. We also discuss several other topics like How to keep bureaucratic agencies accountable?

a. *Bonus: Slaves counted as ____________________ in the population  counts for senate votes.

12. Social equality is promoted through laws at _____________,  ________________, and ________________ levels.

13. The Declaration of Sentiments starts with “We hold these truths  to be self-evident that all _____________________________ are created  equal.” If you want to learn more check out Which type of network topology connects a peripheral device to a host?
We also discuss several other topics like What is the basic unit for carbohydrate structures?

14. A totalitarian government has a _______________ government and  ___________________ economic system.

15. ___________________ was the first state women gained full suffrage in.

16. If you are born on US soil, you can claim ___________________. 17. Political culture is __________________________________________.

Short Answer 

1. What is the social contract?

2. Why does government provide public goods?

3. What are the 3 parts of democracy?

4. What is Taxation without Representation and what impact did it have  on the colonies? Use specific examples of taxation in your answer 5. What is the significance of Plessy v Ferguson?

6. Since the Equal Rights Amendment failed to be ratified, how did  women get the rights they have today? Don't forget about the age old question of What is agricultural revolution?

7. What does having free and fair elections means?

8. What are the 5 types of totalitarian governments?

9. Referring to the Key Issue from the notes:

a. Why would the government want to record your phone calls? b. What key principles are at the center of this debate?

c. Is this a modern dilemma or original dilemma?

d. Ideologically, who is for monitoring phone data and who is  against monitoring phone data?

10. What are the characteristics of a democratic government? 11. What are the four elements of dual federalism?

12. What groups of people generally fall under suspect class? Quasi suspect class?

13. What are the characteristics of an authoritarian government? 14. What was the impact of Brown v Board of Education? 15. Name the three problems the country had under the Articles and  give at least two explanations for those problems.

16. What are the features of a socialist economy?

17. How was the federal government limited under the Articles of  Confederation?

a. What rights did state governments have in comparison? 18. Why were the colonists looked at as low class?

19. What are the features of a capitalist economy?

20. What are the Civil War Amendments and what did they do? 21. What was the ruling in Korematsu vs United States? 22. Why is the Necessary and Proper clause significant? 23. What is freedom in the United States? If you want to learn more check out What are the ten reasons for poor listening?

24. What is freedom of religion? How does it impact the US? 25. What are the three elements of cooperative federalism? 26. Why does the government promote equality?

27. Describe the Lemon Test.

28. What type of federalism does the US practice? Dual or  Cooperative?

29. Name and describe the 4 Post 9/11 Civil Liberties in the notes. 30. Why is one executive more ideal than several?

31. What are the two reasons that the right to privacy is  controversial?

32. What are the advantages of federalism? What are the  disadvantages?

33.What is the significance of Griswold v Connecticut (1965)?

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