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KSU / Architecture / ARCH 20112 / What does it mean to be an authority on something?

What does it mean to be an authority on something?

What does it mean to be an authority on something?

Description

Kayla Schmidt


What does it mean to be an authority on something?



Architecture History 2

Date: 9-1-15

*Clicker needed on Tuesday 9-8-15

*First sketch book entry due Tuesday 9-8-15

Went over syllabus

Order of topics that we will be discussed over the class:

∙ Romanesque

∙ Gothic

∙ Renaissance—meaning rebirth

∙ Villas

∙ Baroque

∙ 18th century

∙ 19th century

o For example: The Crystal Palace

Carolingian Architecture

∙ Charlemagne- ran a very loose government


What was used by the ottomans to breach the walls that protected constantinople?



Notes:

Date: 9-3-15

Carolingian Architecture

Dome- vault with a circular base

Oyster vault- vault with an octagonal base  

∙ Palatine Chapel, Aachen 792-805

o Clerestory  

o Columns are organized in an octagon to represent power

o Plans

▪ Lower level

∙ Odo of Metz  

o Compare with S.Vitale in Ravenna

▪ Mosaics (Italian import)

o Charlemagne views himself as a ceaser

▪ Creating a new Roman empire We also discuss several other topics like What do people think of themselves?

∙ Dome meaning-show authority element


Which is the correct progression of the roman orders from the simplest to the most ornate?



o Reach to the heavens

o The element at the core is the most important—relating to power

o Polychroming?---Polychroming-decorated or executed with many colors If you want to learn more check out What do we call it when a court hears evidence for the first trial?

∙ Torhalle, Abbey, Lorsch 767-774

Kayla Schmidt

o “Gate House”

o Monastery- used to be walled for protection to which fragmented down o Reminds me of Triumphal arch

o Adaptive to the Climate

o Tile applied to the surface- typical Roman characteristic

o Roman column

o Pilaster- triangular topper (Doesn’t know what to do with it)-trying to capture the legacy  of Roman  

∙ Oratory, Germigny-des-806

o Clerestory Windows

o Greek Cross Plan-Symmetrical around it

▪ Comparative to a Latin Cross plan

o Arches frame central tower

o Windows- alabaster-sheets of stone If you want to learn more check out Where was zeus born?

∙ Monastery Plan, St.Gall, 820

o Describes thought process of architecture

o Based on a module- passage way 10’- broken down into 4 part-2’each

o South

▪ Cloister

▪ Monks recital

o Small towns-agricultural farms

▪ Ale Houses

▪ Horse Barns

▪ Wineries

▪ Bakeries

o Was never built

o Traveler housing

o Latin-language of writing at the time Don't forget about the age old question of What is the difference between a democratic government and one that is authoritarian?

∙ Anglo-Saxon/Viking

o Stave Church, Urnes, Norway 1125-40

▪ Wood primary materials

▪ Clicker quiz practice

∙ Cupolas on Stave churches

o Answer: Do not communicate with interior space We also discuss several other topics like What is the function of compound light microscope?

▪ Keltic design-original for normal Christian churches

▪ motifs

o Stave Church, Borgund , Norway 1125-40

▪ Not large

▪ Serving fishing and farming communities-small communities

▪ Wood cross- renewed every 50 years- and gargoyles

▪ Wood carvings in the interior

∙ Early Romanesque

o Clicker quiz

o The primary innovation of Romanesque architecture is

Kayla Schmidt

▪ Answer: masonry vaulting

▪ Masonry vaulting-fireproof

▪ Introduced in churches  We also discuss several other topics like What is the difference between saturated and unsaturated fatty acids?

▪ Disadvantage-extremely heavy

∙ Much more expensive

∙ Transportation of materials- 100s on tons of stone

∙ Lifting- extensive labor

▪ Even small communities who didn’t have money would build masonry vaulted  churches-to last longer- even if they didn’t have money for it

o St.Martin at Canigou 1001-61

▪ Retaining walls

▪ Small affair church

▪ Masonry vaulted church

▪ Bell tower-modest piece of construction

▪ The church

∙ Nave- upside down ship (just a reference)

∙ Not experience in masonry vaulting (one of the first masonry vaulted  churches)

∙ Want church to last when Christ comes again

∙ Very dark interior-very hard to build window

∙ Barrel vault-half cylinder

o Very hard to punch a hole in a barrel vault

∙ Supporting barrel vault by an arcade

∙ Haven’t figured out how to put windows in

o Major theme later on in the Romanesque period

o Starting out very modest

∙ Carving  

o Column capitals

▪ Telling stories

▪ Riske  

∙ From the new testament  

▪ Monk-read

∙ Most people are illiterate at this time

∙ Cloister

o Crypt underground

o Romanesque Architecture of the Holy Roman Empire

▪ Clicker quiz

∙ Ottonian churches had a raised platform in the west for the:

o Answer: emperor

▪ St.Michaels, Hildesheim 1001-31

∙ Tile roofing originally- nowadays it has metal roofs for upper towers and  tiling roofing towards the bottom

∙ Two transepts-west work-symbolically for the emperor

∙ Plan

Kayla Schmidt

o Modular plan

o Two smaller columns and pier sequence

∙ Timber truss roof

∙ Walls are entirely thick

∙ Clerestory windows

o Cathedral, Speyer 1030-60

▪ Towers at each end

▪ Plan

∙ Diagonal lines

∙ Trace out Groin Vaulting-Later Added?

▪ Polychroming

▪ East end-blind arcade

∙ Arched corbtable

o Cantilever  

∙ Two towers-bell towers

▪ Interior-timber truss interior-then later on transformed into vaults ▪ Nave elevation-----pay attention for exam

o Pisa Cathedral, 1063-1118,1261-72

▪ Doesn’t rain much in Italy

▪ Hard to get away from classical intent

∙ Rome-used spoiled materials----I think this a side note

▪ Wanted to be the never Rome-Charlemagne

▪ Façade-Blind arcade

▪ Disks

▪ Colored marbles

∙ Received from Rome

▪ Jewel like façade

▪ Transept arm- horizontal marble strips

∙ Transept arms look like small churches on their own

▪ 5 aisle plan-4 aisle and a nave

∙ Ambition- normally see 3 aisle plans

▪ Nave

∙ Timber truss-wood ceiling-reasonably sized clerestory windows

▪ Groin vault- intersection of 2 barrel vaults  

▪ Dome center-is added in the gothic period

▪ Squinch supported dome

o Pisa Baptistery 1153-1265 Dioto Salvi

▪ Circular building

▪ Vaulted dome

▪ Cone shaped dome in the center of it

Kayla Schmidt

Architecture History 2

Date: 9-1-15

*Clicker needed on Tuesday 9-8-15

*First sketch book entry due Tuesday 9-8-15

Went over syllabus

Order of topics that we will be discussed over the class:

∙ Romanesque

∙ Gothic

∙ Renaissance—meaning rebirth

∙ Villas

∙ Baroque

∙ 18th century

∙ 19th century

o For example: The Crystal Palace

Carolingian Architecture

∙ Charlemagne- ran a very loose government

Notes:

Date: 9-3-15

Carolingian Architecture

Dome- vault with a circular base

Oyster vault- vault with an octagonal base  

∙ Palatine Chapel, Aachen 792-805

o Clerestory  

o Columns are organized in an octagon to represent power

o Plans

▪ Lower level

∙ Odo of Metz  

o Compare with S.Vitale in Ravenna

▪ Mosaics (Italian import)

o Charlemagne views himself as a ceaser

▪ Creating a new Roman empire

∙ Dome meaning-show authority element

o Reach to the heavens

o The element at the core is the most important—relating to power

o Polychroming?---Polychroming-decorated or executed with many colors

∙ Torhalle, Abbey, Lorsch 767-774

Kayla Schmidt

o “Gate House”

o Monastery- used to be walled for protection to which fragmented down o Reminds me of Triumphal arch

o Adaptive to the Climate

o Tile applied to the surface- typical Roman characteristic

o Roman column

o Pilaster- triangular topper (Doesn’t know what to do with it)-trying to capture the legacy  of Roman  

∙ Oratory, Germigny-des-806

o Clerestory Windows

o Greek Cross Plan-Symmetrical around it

▪ Comparative to a Latin Cross plan

o Arches frame central tower

o Windows- alabaster-sheets of stone

∙ Monastery Plan, St.Gall, 820

o Describes thought process of architecture

o Based on a module- passage way 10’- broken down into 4 part-2’each

o South

▪ Cloister

▪ Monks recital

o Small towns-agricultural farms

▪ Ale Houses

▪ Horse Barns

▪ Wineries

▪ Bakeries

o Was never built

o Traveler housing

o Latin-language of writing at the time

∙ Anglo-Saxon/Viking

o Stave Church, Urnes, Norway 1125-40

▪ Wood primary materials

▪ Clicker quiz practice

∙ Cupolas on Stave churches

o Answer: Do not communicate with interior space

▪ Keltic design-original for normal Christian churches

▪ motifs

o Stave Church, Borgund , Norway 1125-40

▪ Not large

▪ Serving fishing and farming communities-small communities

▪ Wood cross- renewed every 50 years- and gargoyles

▪ Wood carvings in the interior

∙ Early Romanesque

o Clicker quiz

o The primary innovation of Romanesque architecture is

Kayla Schmidt

▪ Answer: masonry vaulting

▪ Masonry vaulting-fireproof

▪ Introduced in churches  

▪ Disadvantage-extremely heavy

∙ Much more expensive

∙ Transportation of materials- 100s on tons of stone

∙ Lifting- extensive labor

▪ Even small communities who didn’t have money would build masonry vaulted  churches-to last longer- even if they didn’t have money for it

o St.Martin at Canigou 1001-61

▪ Retaining walls

▪ Small affair church

▪ Masonry vaulted church

▪ Bell tower-modest piece of construction

▪ The church

∙ Nave- upside down ship (just a reference)

∙ Not experience in masonry vaulting (one of the first masonry vaulted  churches)

∙ Want church to last when Christ comes again

∙ Very dark interior-very hard to build window

∙ Barrel vault-half cylinder

o Very hard to punch a hole in a barrel vault

∙ Supporting barrel vault by an arcade

∙ Haven’t figured out how to put windows in

o Major theme later on in the Romanesque period

o Starting out very modest

∙ Carving  

o Column capitals

▪ Telling stories

▪ Riske  

∙ From the new testament  

▪ Monk-read

∙ Most people are illiterate at this time

∙ Cloister

o Crypt underground

o Romanesque Architecture of the Holy Roman Empire

▪ Clicker quiz

∙ Ottonian churches had a raised platform in the west for the:

o Answer: emperor

▪ St.Michaels, Hildesheim 1001-31

∙ Tile roofing originally- nowadays it has metal roofs for upper towers and  tiling roofing towards the bottom

∙ Two transepts-west work-symbolically for the emperor

∙ Plan

Kayla Schmidt

o Modular plan

o Two smaller columns and pier sequence

∙ Timber truss roof

∙ Walls are entirely thick

∙ Clerestory windows

o Cathedral, Speyer 1030-60

▪ Towers at each end

▪ Plan

∙ Diagonal lines

∙ Trace out Groin Vaulting-Later Added?

▪ Polychroming

▪ East end-blind arcade

∙ Arched corbtable

o Cantilever  

∙ Two towers-bell towers

▪ Interior-timber truss interior-then later on transformed into vaults ▪ Nave elevation-----pay attention for exam

o Pisa Cathedral, 1063-1118,1261-72

▪ Doesn’t rain much in Italy

▪ Hard to get away from classical intent

∙ Rome-used spoiled materials----I think this a side note

▪ Wanted to be the never Rome-Charlemagne

▪ Façade-Blind arcade

▪ Disks

▪ Colored marbles

∙ Received from Rome

▪ Jewel like façade

▪ Transept arm- horizontal marble strips

∙ Transept arms look like small churches on their own

▪ 5 aisle plan-4 aisle and a nave

∙ Ambition- normally see 3 aisle plans

▪ Nave

∙ Timber truss-wood ceiling-reasonably sized clerestory windows

▪ Groin vault- intersection of 2 barrel vaults  

▪ Dome center-is added in the gothic period

▪ Squinch supported dome

o Pisa Baptistery 1153-1265 Dioto Salvi

▪ Circular building

▪ Vaulted dome

▪ Cone shaped dome in the center of it

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