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PSYC 2010- Exam 2 Study Guide

by: Morgan Dimery

PSYC 2010- Exam 2 Study Guide Psyc 2010-003

Marketplace > Clemson University > Psychlogy > Psyc 2010-003 > PSYC 2010 Exam 2 Study Guide
Morgan Dimery

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About this Document

This is a study guide for exam 2, which is this coming Thursday. All of the answers can be found from all the previous notes posted on here, but if you have any questions about what the correct ans...
Introduction to Psychology
Edwin G. Brainerd
Study Guide
PSYC, Psychology
50 ?




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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Morgan Dimery on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psyc 2010-003 at Clemson University taught by Edwin G. Brainerd in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 96 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at Clemson University.

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Date Created: 02/28/16
Exam  2  Study  Guide     1. What  is  habituation?  Adaptation?  Why  are  they  so  important  to  the  basis  of   our  learning?               2. Explain  classical  conditioning  using  Pavlov’s  dogs  as  an  example.               3. What  is  stimulus  generalization?  Give  the  example  regarding  Little  Albert.                 4. How  are  generalization  and  discrimination  different  from  each  other?             5. What  changes  did  B.F.  Skinner  make  to  operant  learning?  Why  was  this   important?               6. Explain  the  difference  between  negative  reinforcement  and  punishment.               7. Distinguish  between  fixed  ratio,  variable  ratio,  fixed  interval,  and  variable   interval.               8. What  does  preparedness  tell  us  about  phobias?               9. What  is  the  explanation  for  why  once  we  get  sick  after  eating  a  certain  food,  it   makes  us  nauseous  whenever  we  taste  or  smell  it  again?             10.There  are  two  scenarios-­‐     A  father  tells  his  child  that  if  he  cuts  the  grass  for  him  he  will  take  him  out  for  ice   cream  later.   A  father  tells  his  child  that  if  he  cuts  the  grass  for  him  it  will  make  things  a  lot  easier   for  him  when  he  gets  home  from  work.     Which  child  is  more  likely  to  want  to  cut  the  grass?  What  term  in  psychology  relates   to  this?                   11.Why  do  many  people  say,  “Knock  on  wood”  so  they  don’t  jinx  themselves?                     12.What  did  Bandura  say  the  4  basic  types  of  observational  learning  were?   Explain  each  of  them.                 13.What  did  the  power  of  modeling  tell  researchers  about  violence  in  the   media?             14.When  does  Dr.  Brainerd  believe  punishment  is  necessary?               15.What  are  the  four  steps  to  memory?  Which  one  did  Dr.  Brainerd  say  was   extremely  important?  Why?                 16.Which  of  the  encoding  processes  is  the  least  effective?  Most  effective?                   17.What’s  the  difference  between  elaboration  and  visual  imagery?           18.How  does  information  pass  through  the  sensory  memory  to  the  STM?  How   long  can  it  stay  here?  How  many  things  can  be  stored  here  at  a  time?                 19.What  did  Alan  Bladdeley  say  about  the  STM  being  more  complex?                 20.What  are  flashbulb  memories?             21.What  organizational  technique  care  most  things  put  into?               22.Which  measure  of  retention  is  the  most  difficult?  Which  one  do  students   usually  like  the  most  when  it  comes  to  tests?                 23.What  is  the  Trace  Decay  theory?  How  did  Dr.  Brainerd  demonstrate  this  in   class?             24.Why  did  Sigmund  Freud  say  that  we  forget  certain  memories?                 25.What  is  the  controversy  regarding  recovered  memories?                   26.What  brain  structure  is  associated  with  memory?  What  happens  when  this   structure  is  removed?                 27.Put  the  following  into  as  many  memory  system  categories  as  applicable:   • December  25   • Your  dog’s  name   • A  dog   • You  need  to  go  to  the  store  later   • What  did  you  do  last  weekend?               28.What  are  mnemonic  devices?               29.What’s  the  difference  in  Skinner’s  belief  about  language  and  Chomsky’s  belief   about  language?                 30.What  are  some  advantages  and  disadvantages  to  bilingualism?               31.What  is  linguistic  relativity?  Who  was  a  big  advocate  for  it?               32.An  analogy  problem  is  which  type  of  problem  solving?               33.Which  is  the  hardest  type  of  problem  solving?               34.What  is  a  big  example  of  something  present  in  a  problem-­‐solving  problem   that  is  usually  irrelevant  information?                 35.What’s  a  good  approach  to  use  for  problem  solving  when  there  are  only  a   small  amount  of  options?               36.Why  would  changing  the  representation  of  the  problem  help  in  problem   solving?             37.What  is  the  fast  and  frugal  heuristic?               38.Do  IQ  tests  meet  all  of  the  requirements  for  a  psychology  test?  Explain.                 39.Who  came  up  with  the  first  test  for  mental  ability?  Who  revised  this  test?   Who  came  up  with  the  first  IQ  test  for  adults?                   40.How  can  twin  studies  and  adoption  studies  be  used  to  determine  the  role  of   genetic  factors  in  intelligence?           41.How  do  genetics  and  the  environment  work  together  to  influence   intelligence?               42.What  did  Robert  Sternberg  say  the  3  factors  of  intelligence  were?  Describe   them.               43.What  are  Howard  Gardner’s  8  types  of  intelligence?                 44.True  or  false:  There  is  a  strong  correlation  between  people  who  have  high   IQs  and  people  who  are  very  creative.                        


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