PSYC 2010- Exam 2 Study Guide
PSYC 2010- Exam 2 Study Guide Psyc 2010-003
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Morgan Dimery on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psyc 2010-003 at Clemson University taught by Edwin G. Brainerd in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 96 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 02/28/16
Exam 2 Study Guide 1. What is habituation? Adaptation? Why are they so important to the basis of our learning? 2. Explain classical conditioning using Pavlov’s dogs as an example. 3. What is stimulus generalization? Give the example regarding Little Albert. 4. How are generalization and discrimination different from each other? 5. What changes did B.F. Skinner make to operant learning? Why was this important? 6. Explain the difference between negative reinforcement and punishment. 7. Distinguish between fixed ratio, variable ratio, fixed interval, and variable interval. 8. What does preparedness tell us about phobias? 9. What is the explanation for why once we get sick after eating a certain food, it makes us nauseous whenever we taste or smell it again? 10.There are two scenarios-‐ A father tells his child that if he cuts the grass for him he will take him out for ice cream later. A father tells his child that if he cuts the grass for him it will make things a lot easier for him when he gets home from work. Which child is more likely to want to cut the grass? What term in psychology relates to this? 11.Why do many people say, “Knock on wood” so they don’t jinx themselves? 12.What did Bandura say the 4 basic types of observational learning were? Explain each of them. 13.What did the power of modeling tell researchers about violence in the media? 14.When does Dr. Brainerd believe punishment is necessary? 15.What are the four steps to memory? Which one did Dr. Brainerd say was extremely important? Why? 16.Which of the encoding processes is the least effective? Most effective? 17.What’s the difference between elaboration and visual imagery? 18.How does information pass through the sensory memory to the STM? How long can it stay here? How many things can be stored here at a time? 19.What did Alan Bladdeley say about the STM being more complex? 20.What are flashbulb memories? 21.What organizational technique care most things put into? 22.Which measure of retention is the most difficult? Which one do students usually like the most when it comes to tests? 23.What is the Trace Decay theory? How did Dr. Brainerd demonstrate this in class? 24.Why did Sigmund Freud say that we forget certain memories? 25.What is the controversy regarding recovered memories? 26.What brain structure is associated with memory? What happens when this structure is removed? 27.Put the following into as many memory system categories as applicable: • December 25 • Your dog’s name • A dog • You need to go to the store later • What did you do last weekend? 28.What are mnemonic devices? 29.What’s the difference in Skinner’s belief about language and Chomsky’s belief about language? 30.What are some advantages and disadvantages to bilingualism? 31.What is linguistic relativity? Who was a big advocate for it? 32.An analogy problem is which type of problem solving? 33.Which is the hardest type of problem solving? 34.What is a big example of something present in a problem-‐solving problem that is usually irrelevant information? 35.What’s a good approach to use for problem solving when there are only a small amount of options? 36.Why would changing the representation of the problem help in problem solving? 37.What is the fast and frugal heuristic? 38.Do IQ tests meet all of the requirements for a psychology test? Explain. 39.Who came up with the first test for mental ability? Who revised this test? Who came up with the first IQ test for adults? 40.How can twin studies and adoption studies be used to determine the role of genetic factors in intelligence? 41.How do genetics and the environment work together to influence intelligence? 42.What did Robert Sternberg say the 3 factors of intelligence were? Describe them. 43.What are Howard Gardner’s 8 types of intelligence? 44.True or false: There is a strong correlation between people who have high IQs and people who are very creative.
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