Human Anatomy Exam 1 Study Guide
Human Anatomy Exam 1 Study Guide BIO271
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This 15 page Study Guide was uploaded by Mackenzie de Vicente on Sunday September 6, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to BIO271 at University of North Carolina - Greensboro taught by Dr. Ingram in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 128 views. For similar materials see Human anatomy in Biology at University of North Carolina - Greensboro.
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Date Created: 09/06/15
Ch 1 Biological Organization and TerminologL 1 Studying cells 2 Studying tissues 3 Put in order of organization Cells Tissues Organ Systems Organelles quotlittle organsquot Organs 4 List major organs associated with each system Integumentary System Muscular System Skeletal System Nervous System Lymphatic System Digestive System Respiratory System Urinary System Male Reproductive System Endocrine System Female Reproductive System Cardiovascular System 5 Attached to lines the cavity wall 6 Attached to directly covers organs 7 Name the proper plane a Divides body or part of body into left or right portion b Divide body or part into top and bottom c Divides body into front and back part 8 Name the body regionare mono9 7r 39 39TLQ rhrDQpUpJ Ch 2 Cells 1 Cell used to build organstissue 2 Cell used for reproduction 3 Name the cell part matching the description a Item that makes separation from inside environment to outside environment 991 8 9 Inside of cell contains uid called cytosol Fluid outside the cell Control center of cell Where DNA molecules reside in nucleus Where ribosomes are made in nucleus Nucleus membrane Holes in nuclear envelope allowing things inout ER with ribosomes attached involved in protein synthesis ER with no ribosomes Modi es and packages items produced by ER quotpower supply stationquot of the cell Small complexes of protein and RNA molecules that are found oating freely in the cytoplasm or attached to the ER n Has protein strands that provide quotscaffoldingquot or quotframequot for cell shape and cell strength 0 Small immobile protrusions p Large ngerlike moveable protrusions Proteins found on outer or inner surface of cell membrane Proteins found inthrough the membrane of cell membrane anxtraenweoe Name the different types of transport through the cell membrane a Slip through the phospholipids of the membrane b Go through a quotholequot in the membrane provided by a transmembrane protein c Membrane rearranges its structure around the object i Bulk transport into cell ii Bulk transport out of cell quotPackagesquot that golgi apparatus packages items produced by ER into a Contain digestive enzymes that degradebreak down b Contains products that cells will export secrete into the extracellular uid c Contain products to be moved around inside cell d Will add new material to cell membrane Folds in inner membrane of mitochondria Fluid environment inside mitochondria 10Protein strands used as part of cytoskeleton a Thin threadlike protein strands b Slightly thick threadlike strands c Large hollow tubelike protein strands Ch 4 Tissues 1 Study of tissues 2 Name the different kind of tissue a Cover surfaces line spacespassageways form glands has many subtypes b Fill internal spaces support other tissues transport materials store lipids varied subtypes c In skeletal muscles the heart and walls of various hollowtubular organs d In brain spinal cord and nerves Where can epithelial tissue be found General functions of epithelial tissue Notable characteristics of epithelial tissue 6 Collection of epithelial cells that produce a secretion 7 Classi cations of glandular epithelial tissue a Release secretion into internal uids b Release secretion via ducts onto the surface of an epithelial tissue 8 Classi cation of glandular epithelial tissue by description of secretion a Water secretion b Thick slimy secretion c Both serous and mucous secretion 9 The only glandular epithelial cells that are found by themselves 10Connective tissue characteristics 11Common factors of connective tissue 123 categories of connective tissue a Connect other tissues together protect organs and store lipids b Provide structural support of the body c Transport substances around the body 132 groups of connective tissue proper a Mostly protein bers tough b Lots of ground substance 143 types of dense connective tissue proper a Fibers run parallel mostly collagen protein tough b Fibers in random meshwork arrangement mostly collagen c Made of mostly elastic protein bers run parallel branching arrangement 153 types of loose connective tissue proper a Contains multiple types of protein bers scattered through b Consists mostly of fat cells wvery little or no ground substance or protein bers c Used to make framework of delicate organs 162 types of supporting connective tissue a Ground substance is a rm gel often surrounded by perichondrium b Ground substance is solid protein ber mostly collagen 173 types of cartilage a Tough exible white glistening appearance pliable b Elastic when moved and pulled rebounds back c Tough protein bers run parallel 18Fluid connective tissue with ground substance mostly water wdissolved substances like proteins electrolyes waste products 194 varieties of membranes a Line internal body cavities epithelial cells often secrete watery uid b Line passageways that are open to outside environment epithelial cells often secrete thick uid c Line joint spaces epithelial cells secrete thin uid called synovial uid d The skin 203 varieties of muscle tissue a In our muscles connected to skeleton b In our heart c In our organs blood vessels etc 212 main cell types of nervous tissue a Conduct electrical signals b Support cells Ch 5 lntegumentary System 1 Functions of skin 2 The 2 parts of the cutaneous membrane a Outermost part of skin b Just underneath to the epidermis Loose connective tissues adipose regular Strati ed squamous epithelial tissue can be 4 or 5 layers thick Put the layers in the right order a Stratum granulosum b Stratum basale c Stratum spinosum d Stratum corneum e Stratum lucidum Made by melanocytes stored and deposited in vesicles called melanosomes The 2 kinds of melanin a Black or brown b Reddish 8 Yelloworange pigment found in some red yellow orange veggies 9 Other in uences for skin color P1P NP 10Anchors accessory structure contains capillaries lymphatic vessels and sensory receptor 112 layers of connective tissue in the dermis a Thinner part primarily areolar connective tissue b Thicker part dense irregular connective tissue 12Has good supply compared to dermis has lots of adipose tissue where injections are put into 13The 4 types of accessory glands a Most associated with hair follicles has a waxy oil secretion b Sweat producing glands has 2 types c Ear wax glands d Milkproducing glands 14The 2 types of sudoriferous glands a Not associated with hair follicle quotwatery sweatquot most numerous and abundant on palms soles b Associated with hair follicle abundant in arm pits around nipples in groin area 15The 3 regions of hair a Enlarged bottom end b From bulb to skin surface c Exposed part beyond skin surface 16Types of hair a Fine hair located over much of body b Corse hair located on scalp eyebrows eyelashes in nose armpits groin 17Nai part imbedded in skin 18Growing part of nail 19Visible portion of nail that covers nail bed 20Pae crescent at base of nail 21Name the type of sensory receptor a Nerves of pain and temperature b Nerves of touch and pressure c Nerves of vibration Ch 6 Skeletal System 1 General functions of skeletal system 2 Connective tissue with ground substance of hydroxyapatite 3 Protein bers of bone are 4 4 types of bone cells Mature bone cells maintain the bone matrix Add tobuild new bone matrix during growth and remodeling Removetear down bone matrix during growth and remodeling Maintain osteoblast population 5 The 2 ayers of periosteum a Dense connective tissue layer b Epithelial tissue layer Covers inside surface lining of marrow cavity with epithelial tissue What compact dense bone is arranged into What spongy cancellous bone is arranged into Circular repeating unit of compact bone arranged in special way to give compact bone its strength 10Factors that affect rate of buildupbreakdown of bone apem 99 F 11Disorder of bone causing quotporous bonequot particularly affects spongy bone 12Disorder of bone caused by a spontaneous or inherited genetic abnormality in gene found on chromosome 4 strongly affects epiphyseal plate growth in long bones EptheHal Tissues Connchve Tissues I I Supporting Fluid Connchve Tissue Proper Connective Connective TIssue TIssue By Shape By Layering I Loose Dense Squamos Cuboidal Simple Strati ed Connective Connective Cartilage Bone Blood Tissue Tissue Columnar Pseufci39eojtrat39 Areolar Regular Hyaine Adipose Fibrocartilage Spongy Reticular
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