Study Guide for Lesson 13
Study Guide for Lesson 13 JPN 2220
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Deanna Davis on Sunday September 6, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to JPN 2220 at Florida State University taught by Kentaro Tabata in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 84 views. For similar materials see Intermediate Reading and Conversation in Japanese at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 09/06/15
JPN 2220 Intermediate Reading and Conversation Study Guide of Test 1 The Kanji for Lesson 13 are W pronounced b 0 meaning thing vii pronounced 0 meaning bird I pronounced O J 9 meaning ingredients or fare 33 pronounced V meaning reason I E pronounced 32 lt meaning special a pronounced 63 3 meaning cheap or ease a pronounced ii A meaning food or cooked rice I j pronounced C lt meaning meat Jup pronounced 2b meaning bad or wrong izix pronounced 755 5 73 meaning body 1 7 a pronounced lt 9 meaning sky or empty pronounced L 9 meaning port or harbor g pronounced 9 or 53 meaning to reach or to wear In pronounced if 7 meaning same V 39 pronounced 9 09 meaning sea EE pronounced U E meaning noon or daytime If you want to know the stroke order as well as uses for these kanji go to pages 276 to 277 The Grammar Points for Lesson 13 are 1 Potential Verbs Potential verbs are used to say someone can or has the ability to do something This would be like saying I can run or I have the ability to draw in English To conjugate a E verb from dictionary form to potential form you drop the final E and add 5 211 E For example 7173 2 E to return becomes 7173 Z 5 2 1 E can return To conjugate an 5 verb from dictionary form to potential form you drop the final 5 sound and add X E For example E E lt to walk becomes E E U E can walk 1 5 at lt to swim becomes 218 at Cf can swim i 9 to wait becomes i C E can wait 0 33 to take drink becomes 0 E E can drink 7173 5 to own a pet becomes 7173 2 E can own a pet L 61 to die becomes L 1 E can die E E there is becomes E 2 1 E there can be 6i 72 5 to speak becomes 6i 7 65 E can speak i 3 to play becomes 3 Zn can play To conjugate irregular verbs such as j Zn and lt 29 from the dictionary form to potential form you have to remember their specific conjugations j Zn to do conjugates to T 3 Zn can do lt Zn to come conjugates to C 6 ZI L Zn can come There is also a form of conjugated Z verbs that removes the 5 sound but this is considered substandard and in some cases impolite For example 733 71 Zn becomes 733 71 ZI L Zn You will also have to be able to conjugate the potential form into short form T form negative form and past tense For example vorbs Shori Form Form Posiiive N39 Positive N it L i ii Ei i i v Pasi L L verbs Shoii Form Posiiive Posiiive t moogmt wiLt wiv Lt If a verb were to take the particle 7 in potential form it can use either the particle 753 or 75 However in the case of T 3 Z the potential form of j 2 you must use the particle 753 For more examples go to pages 30 and 31 in the textbook For exercises go to pages 37 to 38 11 L If you want to give a reason from something you can use 733 5 however if you have multiple reasons for something you can use L L will follow a short form predicate You can also use L to imply there is more than one reason for something Occasionally L can come after the description of the situation L follows the present tense of short forms so if will appear in the case of 7S adjectives and nouns but not in the case of C3 adjectives For example 03 adjectives are written with L like 11 it 03 L 72 adjectives are written with L like USA 3 if L Nouns are written with L like 65 1 65 L if L For more examples go to pages 31 and 32 For exercises go to pages 39 to 40 111 T 5 T 539 Adding T 5 T 5 to 03 and 7SCadjectives gives the context of seemingly having those qualities When using this we are guessing about the nonvisual qualities using visual means based on our impression This would be like saying That sushi looks delicious in English You cannot verify if the sushi is delicious by looking but you can make an assumption based on what you see To use T 5 T 5 with C3adjectives drop the final 03 to use T 5 T 5 with 72 adjectives drop the 72 The exception to this rule is the 03 adjective 03 C3 which must be changed to at 35 before adding T 5 T 5 C3adjectives 25 b L T 5 T 0303 37 iJ ot 3T5T T DCadjectives 5 3 T 5 T To make a negative impression using T 5 T 5 change the negative 73 C3 ending to 72 35 andthenadd T 5 Ti C3adjectives 218 L C T 5T 0303bfzi7b ii lt T5T Qadjectivesj 3735T5T T You can use T 5 in conjunction with an adjective to qualify a noun T 5 is a 72 adjective so it is T 5 73 when used before a noun wT LTinzh7yu iLto Since 5 is based on visual guesswork you would not use it with visual adjectives such as 793 2b 03 03 If you can see it is cute you can already conclude it is cute For more examples go to pages 33 to 34 For exercises go to pages 41 to 43 IV Ca39QE You can use C form and the helping verb 0399 E to say you are trying something new and are unsure of the result This would be like saying I can drink now so Iwill try beer iu wamas w apairo Also since 0399 E comes from the verb E E it is treated like a E verb but it is always written in hiragana For more examples go to page 34 For exercises go to pges44 to 45 V 72 5 The phrase 7 5 is used to contrast a situation or make a conditional statement This would be like saying I have never tried sushi but I have had fried pork cutlets in English It would also be like the following English conversation Can you understand French I can read French but I cannot speak French uaam95 amptca b0ir ru amptamp b0iea 7 5 yxg bm O i M 7 yx ampaa7 yx bieao The phrase implies something positive about the contrasted object Such as the person liked fried pork cutlets but has never had sushi In the second situation the person cannot speak French but can read it For more examples go to pages 34 to 35 For exercises go to pages 44 and 45 v1 L a 5793M 5 79m You can say how many times you have done something or how many times something happens by using the following grammatical structure This is like saying I eat six times a day in English Amount of time 6 the amount of time you did the activity or the event happened u aw mw sifo For more examples go to page 35 For exercises go to pages45 to 46
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