Europe section gry 100
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kathleen Notetaker on Sunday September 6, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to gry 100 at Missouri State University taught by Deborah Corcoran in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see World Regional Geography in Geography at Missouri State University.
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Date Created: 09/06/15
EUROPE STUDY GUIDE GRY 100 FALL 2014 Physical Geography 0 Geographic setting countries size latitudinal extent 0 42 countries 0 23 the size of America Latitudinal extent ranges from 3770N 4 physical landscape regions know characteristics of each 0 North European lowland Really at and below sealevel Europe wars fought here because atter and easier 0 Intensive farming and high population density 0 Western uplands Ireland Norway Scandinavia Iberian peninsula Geologically the olderst parts 600 million years old Glacial scouring l U shaped valleys fjords thin and poor soils 0 Central uplands Mid Europe heart of Europe like Germany France and Czech RepubHc Forested hills Ironcoil deposits like fuel resources that are close to the rivers Scenic river valleys and castles Alpine system 0 Italy Greece alps and Switzerland spine of Europequot Youngest most active mountains Earthquakes and volcanoes Mt Blanc is highest point 15000 ft above sea level 0 High risk zones for geologic hazards Convergent subduction Southern Europe and Iceland Climates 3 major climate zones in uence of North Atlantic Current 0 Marine west coast like Spring eld weather mild GB Spain Ireland 0 Continental cold long winters hot summers Mediterranean dry summers sheep rainy winter 0 North Atlantic current In uences western Europe climates Brings warm water on the edges Moderates temps in high altitudes o No part of Europe is more than 320 miles from the ocean Water resources signi cance of the Rhine River Europoort the Danube 10000 miles of coastline Rhine river busiest waterway RotterdamEuroport the busiest port has re neries Danube river 10 countries ows west to east Environmental issues deforestation air pollution acid precipitation hot spotsquot NEED 0 Air pollution creates acid rain in Sweden 0 Water pollution from swiss factories pollute the Rhine River 0 Poland killed 90 of their countries rivers Energy alternatives 0 30 from nuclear power 0 France gets 80 from nuclear power 0 Denmark has the largest offshore wind farm 0 More bikes smaller and fewer cars Land reclamation efforts in the Netherlands Polder piece of land that used to be underwater Most densely populated area in Europe Population Size settlement urbanization 3rd largest population cluster 0 530 million people Largest history of human settlement 0 Over 90 urbanized Trends in growth rates TFRs Demographic Transition stage 0 Mostly lowno growth based on Rle Declining TFRs Aging population majority over 65 o In postindustrial stage Progrowth policies Paying people to have babies Generous maternity leave large family discount subsidized childcare Migration issues PostWar Recovery immigration policies Germany France 0 Until end of WW2 high emigration Post war recovery l needed workers so immigration rose and provided social welfare bene ts 0 Germany had a guest worker program turks came 0 France assimilation no formal recognition of ethnicity so the idea is to blend in cultures 0 Migration within Europe Schengen Agreement Allows for freer movement across national borders 0 Not all of the EU agreed like the UK 0 Some non EU have signed like Norway Cultural Characteristics 0 Language diversity cultural nationalism con ict in Belgium 0 The Belgian divide Flemish in the north French in the south brussels is bilingual Religion regional patterns secularism Catholic central and south Protestant north Eastern orthodox southeast Balkans Islamic France 10 muslim Increasing Islamic in uence 0 Less than 2 million jews live in Europe 0 Area full ofjews became known as the Pale Geopolitical Issues Geopolitical changes Supranationalism know examples Separatism Supranationalism 2 countries form an alliance and work together 0 NATO north atlantic treaty organization Created to stop the soviet union Ukraine wants in and russias pissed 0 EU Separatism states breaking smaller and smaller like the Balkans Impacts of World Wars I and II population landscape boundaries political changes since 1945 0 Population holocaust caused 6 million jews 5 million others 0 Landscape destroyed cities trench warfare creation of new bounda es Political changes the cold war iron curtain berlin wall Geopolitical Hot Spotsquot Devolution know de nition and examples 0 A religion within a state demands more political autonomy like a civil war Basque region northern Ireland Scotland 0 Geography of the British Isles 2 islands 0 UK England Scotland wales north ireland Republic of Ireland 0 Issues in Northern Ireland and Scotland 0 N Ireland protestant majority hates the catholic minority so have massive walls surrounding neighborhoods 0 Scotland wants independence and just earned it through a vote 0 The Balkans Breakup of Yugoslavia ethnic cleansing in Srebrenica A geopolitical nightmare Balkanization based on ethnic fault lines means to break into smaller and hostile units Irredentism desire to gain control over separated populations and or territories Nationalism led to desires to create nation states 0 Ethnic cleansing 8000 Muslims killed tons of women raped EconomicSocial Development Wealthy Core 0 Has 4 countries that are part of the G8 UK france germany Italy Regional differences within Europe NEED 0 Eastwest divide Birthplace of Capitalism Industrialization NEED Started in England 17301850 Became wealthy through conquering other places shipping goods home Impacts of Colonization amp Decolonization Colonization dominated by western European powers and resulted in cultural diffusion languages religions sports economics Decolonization british empire used to be the biggest and was on every continent Characteristics of the EU members nonmembers currency economic crisis languages Started only for an economic association 1945 0 Currently a political alliance and has its own government stationed in Brussels 0 28 members and more countries want in 0 Switzerland and Norway DON T want in Balkan states and turkey want in 0 Euro is used by some but not all Bailouts happened Germany was helping out others when their economy crashed 40 of Britain want out of the EU 0 24 of cial EU languages 6O indigenousregional languages Need tons and tons of translators for every legal document Concepts Marine West Coast Climate Continental Climate Mediterranean Climate North Atlantic Drift Acid precipitation Polders Postindustrial Guest workers Assimilation Schengen Agreement Ethnic fault lines Cultural nationalism Secularism Supranationalism Separatism Devolution Iron Curtain Peace walls Balkanization lrredentism Industrial Revolution Cultural diffusion Decolonization Trade bloc EuroEurozone Wigwam my 5 a EUROPE Kr1a MF ll Miles 3m ll Eil m l m l 3 32 ftJ3 alt w MAP LOCATIONS English Channel The Alps The Netherlands Strait of Gibraltar The Apennines Germany North Sea The Pyrenees Poland Baltic Sea The Carpathians Estonia Mediterranean Sea United Kingdom Italy Adriatic Sea Ireland Switzerland Thames River Norway Czech Republic Seine River Sweden Croatia Bosnia amp Rhine River Spain Herzegovina Danube River Portugal Greece Ibenan Peninsula France Romania
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