Dance Appreciation Exam 1 study guide
Dance Appreciation Exam 1 study guide ESS 104
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Courtney Schmitz on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ESS 104 at University of Wisconsin - La Crosse taught by Kathy Gorman in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Dance Appreciation in Physical Education at University of Wisconsin - La Crosse.
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Date Created: 02/28/16
DANCE APPRECIATION Unit 1 – Study Guide Introduction 1. What is the definition of dance? (don’t need to know) 2. What are the 8 functions of dance? 3. What are the 9 forms/styles of dance? Ballet, modern, jazz, tap, musical theatre dance, ethnic/folk, social/ballroom, exercise, other allied movement forms Ancient Dance 1. What were the 4 types of religious dance among ancient cultures? Dances of imitation, medicine dances, commemorative dances, dances or spiritual connection 2. How was dance used by the ancient Egyptians? What 3 important developments happened in dance history in ancient Egypt? –used dance for religious worship and entertainment, dance found a formal and established place, second development: range and variety improved greatly, profession________ 3. How was dance viewed by the ancient Hebrews? Used dance for religious worship and every day celebrations 4. What were the 4 functions of dance used by the ancient Greeks? 4:religious worship, education(military), greek theatre, entertainment 5. In what 2 places was dance found in ancient Rome? Urban festivals and roman theatre….pantimime, and became associated with torture and killing. How was dance debased during their reign? What form of dance/theatre was the ancient Romans greatest contribution to dance history? Dance of the Middle Ages 1. How was dancing in the Middle Ages related to the Christian Church? 2. What 3 forms of dance were prevalent during the Middle Ages? Which, if any, were acceptable to the Christian Church? Dance processions (only in the Christian church ), dance of the death and danceomania Dance of the Renaissance 1. What are balli and when and where were they found? Dance, drama, sets performed in ball a 2. Where does the word “ballet” come from? 3. Who danced in the early court ballets and why/ 4. What is considered to be the first “ballet”? 5. Where were these early court ballets performed? 6. What was Louis XIV's contribution to early ballet? What did he establish in 1669 that helped to draw the first line between amateur and professional ballet? 7. Who was Louis XIV's dancing master? What is he credited with having invented? 8. Why do ballet dancers used a turnedout position of the legs and feet? 56 reasons 9. How did the start of The Paris Opera Ballet and the consequent move of ballet from the ballroom to the proscenium stage finally draw the line between amateur and professional ballet dancers? Steps got more difficult Piair invented the 5 positions of ballet 1 Century Ballet 1. What are the 2 reasons The Loves of Mars and Venus was important to dance history? first ballet with no talking or singing in it, 2 it was the first ballet d’acion 2. What are Marie Camargo's 2 main contributions to dance history? nd could dance as well as a man, strong and could jump high, 2 she shortened her skirt and invented the ballet shoe and didn’t wear a wig 3. What is a ballet d'action? Ballet that tells a story.When did they start? 4. What imporatnt event happened in Flore et Zephyre , choreographed by Charles Didelot in 1796 that led to a major development in ballet in the 19 century? dancers were hung from seiling so they could dance on toes then point shoe was invented Romantic Era 1. During which century did ballet achieve its modern identity? (19 century) 2. What caused ballet to become a female art form during the Romantic era? urning for the unattainable(woman as a witch or creature), colorful and exotic things of the world(folk dancing) 3. What are the2 aspects of Romantic art which influenced Romantic ballet? woman were main roles ppl came to see females on point 4. When did dancing on pointe start for women and why did it begin at that time? 5. What was the first choreographic example of the Romantic era in ballet? Put her in the dance of the nuns in an opera called ________ 6. Who starred in La Sylphide and who choreographed it? first time of ballet with a tutu 7. What is a “tutu”? netting type skirt What is the difference between a romantic tutu and a classical tutu? Long skirt is the romantic, classical skirt came towards end of 19 century 8. What was the Romantic era's last ballet that we watched in class? Only comedy 9. What are the years for the Romantic era in ballet? (18301870) 10. Why did interest in ballet decline towards the end of the 19 century in Western Europe? no good male, female dancers, or good choreographers, stories bad, music bad, and bad pantomime, ballet was much too long Russian Ballet 1. What was Marius Petipa's contributions to Russian ballet? What type of ballet did he begin? 18 century, St. Petersburg, classical balletknow the characteristics 2. What are the characteristics of a classical ballet? ….devertsma(short dances diversions) and more….. 3. What are the 4 parts of a Grand Pas de Deux? entrée, adagio, solo/variations (woman last), coda/finale 4. What Russian music composer did Petipa often collaborate with in creating many of his classical ballets?Peter : nutcracker, sleeping beauty, swan lake th Early 20 Century Ballet 1. What Russian choreographer started the era of the contemporary ballet? inspired by freedom in movement of __________ also know the characteristics of classical ballet 2. What was Michel Fokine's first abstract ballet? 3. What are the differences between classical and contemporary ballet? 4. Who were Michel Fokine's 2 most famous dancers? Pavlova, diaghilev 5. Who was Sergei Diaghilev and what was his contribution to contemporary ballet? Vaslav Njinsky 6. What were Michel Fokine's 4 most important contributions to contemporary ballet? Created the one act ballet, and made male dancer important again, about real adult passion and emotion, imunified the work of art, 7. What were the 2 ballets Vaslav Njinsky choreographed for Ballets Russe? Which one caused a riot at its premiere? afternoon of a fawn, rite of springcaused a riot….choreography was modern/ugly, ____ American Ballet 1. Who was George Balanchine and what American ballet company did he found? What ballet style is he credited with? Is he more wellknown for his classical ballet d'actions or his abstract contemporary ballets? New York city ballet, Neo classical, choreographed abstract contemporary./what hes known for 2. Besides New York City Ballet, what is the other largest U.S ballet company? How does their style differ from NYCB? Presents ballets from different eras, present American stories 3. What were Agnes de Mille's and Jerome Robbins' contributions to American ballet? Jerome: fancy free 4. What are the characteristics of The Joffrey Ballet? rock ballet was Trinity 5. Who founded The Dance Theatre of Harlem? What motivated him to start the school and company? Martin luther king jr’s death Know body of a dancer 3 countries in the world with best ballet programs today US, Russia, and England 10 true false, rest is multiple choice, bring a pencil
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