Terminology Midterm 2000
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Tiana Roach on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 2000 at East Carolina University taught by Su-Ching Huang in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 53 views. For similar materials see Interpreting Literature in Foreign Language at East Carolina University.
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Date Created: 02/28/16
ENGLISH 2000 Interpreting Literature Midterm: Terminology 1. Character: A person in a story. 2. Climax: the turning point of a story characterized by a crisis. 3. Conflict: a struggle between two characters or a character and opposing forces. 4. Physical conflict: a physical struggle between characters (e.g. argument or fist fight). 5. Internal conflict: a struggle within a character; also called a psychological conflict (e.g. identity crisis or mixed emotions on a certain subject, indecisiveness or determining what is right and wrong. 6. Social conflict: conflict between a character and society or differences between personal and/or societal values (e.g. a child defying his or her parents, challenging the norms of society). 7. Denouement: French term meaning “unknotting”; the unraveling of events, usually at the end of a story. 8. Diction: formal/informal; concrete/abstract 9. Epiphany: a type of climax characterized by a revelation; a moment of enlightenment or realization (e.g. the underlying or deeper meaning of a phrase). 10. Exposition: an explanation of actions that occurred before the initial actions in a story. 11. Flashback: an event or series of events provided in the story that happened in the past. 12. Gaps: events or parts of a story that are left out. 13 . Image: word or phrases that appeal to one or more senses or a sensory experience. 14. In medias res: Latin phrase meaning “into the middle of things”. Stories that start in the middle rather than the beginning (usually using flashbacks as a way to filling in background events). 15. Initiation story: a work of fiction where protagonist undergoes lifealtering experiences. 16 . Irony: a feeling, attitude, tone or mood in which what is expected to happen is usually opposite from reality. 17. Verbal Irony: using words/phrases to express something other than literal meaning. 18. Situational Irony: inconsistency between what is expected to happen and what actually happens; when the expected outcome of a situation is not what actually happens in a story. 19 . Dramatic Irony: when the reader/audience knows more than the characters. ENGLIS 2000 Interpreting Literature 20. Literal: the actual meaning of a word or phrase. 21. Figurative Language: use of language that has a specific effect or special meaning 22 . Motif: a recurring element that is developed throughout a story. 23. Narrator: the person telling the story 24. person POV: story told by the narrator in a personal way. The story told by the narrator relates to events in the author’s life; usually uses “I”, “me” and “we” (e.g. narrators from The House on Mango Street and Daughter of Invention). nd 25. Person POV: the way a story is told by the narrator using the word “you” as if speaking directly to audience/reader. 26. Person POV: story told by an unnamed, unidentified observer from the outside, who does not use “I”, “We” or “You” (e.g. narrator from Love in L.A.). 27. Unreliable Narrator: narrators that are either too young or too young that have limited knowledge do to experiences; they are usually biased (e.g. The House on Mango Street). 28. Naïve Narrator: young or inexperienced narrator who doesn’t fully understand the implications of what he or she is talking about (e.g. the narrator from The House on Mango Street). 29. Plot: the actions or series of events that take place in a story. 30. POV: refers to the narration of a story; the type of narrator and how the narrator tells a story. 31. Recitative: vocal style that imitates speech or the way words are spoken. 32. Repetition: repeated events, words and phrases in a story; usually holds significant meaning in the story. 33. Setting: where the story takes place; can be represented by time (actual time or era) or place (destination).18 Century America is an example of a setting. 34. Style: the way diction is used in a story; can be formal or informal. 35 . Symbol: element(s) in a story that represent more than just its literal meaning (e.g. the use of red in The Red Convertible). 36. Theme: main idea of a story; stated in a sentence (e.g. In Daughter of Invention, the theme is the discovery and acceptance of one’s self). 37. Tone: attitude or voice toward character/events in a story; dialect/ diction conveyed; conveys various meanings. ENGLIS 2000 Interpreting Literature 38 . Voice: characterized by the elements an author uses to convey a story; how an author tells a story. You are expected to know and define the terms listed above and explain how they are applied or used in regards to the short stories read and discussed in class. There will be a short answer essay that involves comparing/contrasting the themes of two of the short stories read and discussed in class. Be sure to bring a small bluebook to class for the exam and a blue or black ink pen for writing. GOOD LUCK ON THE MIDTERM AND HAPPY STUDYING!!!
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