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Notes to Study for the ATR 200 midterm

by: Kaylin Higgins

Notes to Study for the ATR 200 midterm ATR 200

Marketplace > Central Michigan University > Physical Education > ATR 200 > Notes to Study for the ATR 200 midterm
Kaylin Higgins
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Lower extremity note: injuries, bursae, pulses, muscles, and ligaments
Functional Anatomy for Athletic Trainers
Taylor Maylee
Study Guide
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kaylin Higgins on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ATR 200 at Central Michigan University taught by Taylor Maylee in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see Functional Anatomy for Athletic Trainers in Physical Education at Central Michigan University.

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Date Created: 02/28/16
ATR 200 MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE LOWER LEG 1. Posterior Compartment (pg. 371 in Trail Guide) Muscle: Origin: Insertion: Action: Gastrocnemius Medial and Lateral Calcaneus via the 1. Flex the knee Condyles of the Femur calcaneal tendon 2. Planter Flex the (Posterior Surfaces) ankle Soleus Soleal line; proximal, Calcaneus via the 1. Planter Flex the posterior surface of calcaneal tendon ankle tibia and posterior aspect of head of fibula 2. Anterior Compartment (pg. 379 in Trail Guide) Muscle: Origin: Insertion: Action: Extensor Middle, anterior Distal phalanx of the 1. Extend the first toe Hallicus surface of fibula and first toe 2. Dorsiflex the ankle Longus interosseous 3. Invert the foot membrane Extensor Lateral condyle of Middle and distal 1. Extend the second Digitorum tibia; proximal, phalanges of second through fifth toes Longus anterior shaft of fibula through fifth toes 2. Dorsiflex the ankle and interosseous 3. Evert the foot membrane Tibialis Lateral condyle of the Medial cuneiform and 1. Invert the foot Anterior tibia; proximal, lateral base of the first 2. Dorsiflex the ankle surface of tibia and metatarsal interosseous membrane 3. Deep Posterior Compartment (pg. 382 in Trail Guide) Muscle: Origin: Insertion: Action: Tibialis Proximal, posterior All five tarsal bones and 1. Invert the foot Posterior shafts of tibia and bases of the second 2. Plantar Flex the fibula; and through fourth ankle interosseous metatarsals membrane Flexor Middle posterior Distal phalanges of 1. Flex the second Digitorum surface of the tibia second through fifth though fifth toes Longus toes 2. Weak Plantar Flexion of the ankle Flexor Hallicus Middle half of Distal phalanx of first 1. Flex the first toe Longus posterior tibia toe 2. Weak Plantar Flexion of the ankle 3. Invert the foot ATR 200 MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE 4. Lateral Compartment (pg. 376 in Trail Guide) Muscle: Origin: Insertion: Action: Peroneus Head of fibula and Base of the first 1. Evert the foot Longus proximal two-thirds of metatarsal and medial 2. Assist to Planter Flex lateral fibula cuniform the ankle Peroneus Distal two-thirds of Tuberosity of fifth ▯ 1. Evert the foot Brevis lateral fibula metatarsal 2. Assist to Planter Flex the ankle HIP AND PELVIS ATR 200 MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE 1. Quadriceps Femoris Group (Acronym: F.I.L.M or Femoris, Intermedus, Lateralis, Medialis) Muscle: Origin: Insertion: Action: Rectus Femoris AIIS Tibial tuberosity via Extend the knee patella and patellar Flex the knee ligament Vastus Anterior and Lateral Tibial tuberosity via Extend the knee Intermedius shaft of the femur the patella and patellar ligament Vastus Lateralis Lateral lip of the Tibial tuberosity via Extend the knee linea aspera, gluteal the patella and tuberosity and patellar ligament greater trochanter Vastus Medialis Medial lip of linea Tibial tuberosity via Extend the knee aspera the patella and patellar ligament 2. Hamstring Group Muscle: Origin: Insertion: Action: Biceps Femoris Long head: Head of fibula Flex the knee Ishial tuberosity Laterally rotate the flexed Short head: knee Lateral lip of linea Tilt the pelvis posteriorly aspera Long head: Extend the hip Assist to laterally rotate the hip Semitendonosis Ischial tuberosity Proximal, medial shaft Flex the knee of the tibia at pes Medially rotate the flexed anserinus tendon knee Extend the knee Assist to medial rotate the hip Tilt the pelvis posteriorly Semimembranosi Ischial tuberosity Posterior aspect of Flex the knee s medial condyle of Medially rotate the flexed tibia knee Extend the hip Assist to medial rotate of the hip Tilt the pelvis posteriorly 3. The Gluteals (3M’s Maximus, Medius, Minimus) Muscle: Origin: Insertion: Action: ATR 200 MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE Gluteus Maximus Coccyx, edge of Upper fibers: All fibers: sacrum, posterior Iliotibial tract Extend the hip iliac crest, Lower fibers: Laterally rotate the hip sacrotuberous and Gluteal tuberosity Abduct the hip sacroiliac ligaments Lower fibers: Adduct the hip Gluteus Medius Gluteal surface of Lateral aspect of All fibers: the ilium, between greater trochanter Abduct the hip posterior and Anterior fibers: anterior gluteal lines, Flex the hip just below the iliac Medially rotate the hip crest Posterior fibers: Extend the hip Laterally rotate the hip Gluteus Minimus Gluteal surface of Anterior aspect of the Abduct the hip the ilium between greater trochanter Medially rotate the hip the anterior and Flex the hip inferior gluteal lines 4. Adductor Group (Pneumonic: Peanut Butter Leaves Me Greasy or Pectineus, Brevis, Longus, Magnus, Gracillis) Muscle: Origin: Insertion: Action: Pectineus Superior ramus of Pectineal line of Adduct the hip the pubis femur Medially rotate the hip Assist Flex the hip Adductor Inferior ramus of Pectineal ine and Adduct the hip Brevis pubis medial lip of linea Medially rotate the hip aspera Assist flex the hip Adductor Pubic tubercle Medial lip of linea Adduct the hip Longus aspera Medially rotate the hip Assist flex the hip Adductor Inferior ramus of the Medial lip of linea Adduct the hip Magnus pubis, ramus of aspera and adductor Medially rotate the hip ischium and ischial tubercle Assist flex the hip tuberosity Posterior fibers: Extend the hip Gracilis Inferior ramus of Proximas medial shaft Adduct the hip pubis of the tibia at pes Medially rotate the hip anserinus tendon Flex the knee Medially rotate the flexed knee 5. Iliopsoas (Psoas Minor is only in roughly 40% of people, *horizontal rumba) Muscle: Origin: Insertion: Action: Psoas Major Bodies and Lesser trochanter of Unilaterally: ATR 200 MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE transverse femur Assist Lateral Flex of lumbar spine processes of lumbar W/ origin fixed: vertebra Flex the hip May laterally rotate the hip W/ insertion fixed: Flex the trunk toward the thigh Tilt pelvis anteriorly Psoas Minor Body and Superior ramus of Assist to create lordotic curvature transverse the pubis in the lumbar spine st processes of the 1 Tilt the pelvis posteriorly lumbar vertebra Iliacus Iliac fossa Lesser trochanter of W/ origin fixed: the femur Flex the hip May laterally rotate the hip W/ insertion fixed: Flex trunk toward the thigh Tilt pelvis anteriorly 6. Oddball structures Muscle: Origin: Insertion: Action: Tensor Fasciae Iliac crest, posterior Iliotibial tract Flex the hip Latae (TFL) to the ASIS Medially rotate the hip Abduct the hip Iliotibial Tract:Gluteal fascia Tibial tubercle Stabilization component of superficial the hip and knee sheet of fascia along the lateral thigh Sartorius ASIS Proximal, medial shaft of Flex the hip tibia at pes anserinus Laterally rotate the hip tendon Abduct the hip Flex the knee Medially rotate the flexed knee LIGAMENTS (ALL) Seen in photos*** Lateral Ligaments of the Ankle:  Posterior talofibular ligament ATR 200 MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE  Anterior talofibular ligament  Calcaneofibular ligament  Bifurcate ligament – made up of the calaneonavicular ligament and the calcaneocuboid ligament Medial Ligaments of the Ankle:  Anterior tibiotalar ligament  Tibionavicular ligament  Tibiocalcaneal ligament  Posterior tibiotalar ligament  Spring ligament – runs from the sustentaculum tali to the navicular Ligaments of the Knee:  MCL- medial collateral ligament  LCL- lateral collateral ligament  PCL- posterior crutiate ligament  ACL- anterior crutiate ligament  Lateral meniscus  Medial meniscus Bursae:  Suprapatellar bursae (knee)  Prepatellar bursae (knee)  Infrapatellar bursae (knee)  Trachanteric bursae (hip) Pulse of the lower leg:  Tibial pulse- posterior to medial malleolus ATR 200 MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE  Distal pedis pulse- between metatarsals one and two INJURIES Sever’s Disease: When the muscles and tendons can’t grow fast enough to keep up with the bones during rapid growth and the structures are stretched too tight affecting the apophysis of the calcaneus “Turf Toe”: A hyperextension of the first phalange results in a sprain of the metatarsophalangeal joint either from repetitive stress or trauma Retrocalcaneal Bursitis: Inflammation of the calcaneal bursae is most commonly caused by repetitive trauma or overuse, and the condition is aggravated by friction, such as when athletes wear either loose-fitting shoes Inversion Sprain: Injury of the talofibular ligament (which functions to stop forward subluxation of the talus) caused by inversion, plantar-flexed, and internally rotated of the foot Syndesmosis Sprain: “high ankle sprains” are isolated injuries to the distal tibiofemoral joint. These ligaments are torn with increased external rotational or forced dorsiflexion MTSS (Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome): “Shin Splints” a catch-all term that indicates pain in the anterior part of the shin. Commonly conditions such as stress fractures, muscle strains, and chronic anterior compartment syndromes Jones Fracture: A fracture to the base of the fifth metatarsal by either repetitive stress or trauma Osgood Schlatters: A disease that causes a tightness of the knee that causes the tibial tuberosity to chip off and ossify Jumper’s Knee: (patellar tendonitis) ATR 200 MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE Swelling in the patellar or quadriceps tendon. Sudden repetitive extension of the knee may lead of jumpers knee Peroneal nerve contusion: Compression of the peroneal nerve as it crosses directly behind the underlying neck of the fibula. Most common with a kick or direct blow Hip Pointer: A contusion the follows the iliac crest on the abdominal musculature Myositis Ossificans: Repetitive severe blows to the thigh. Leading to ossification of the muscle


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