HDFS 101 Exam 2 Study Guide
HDFS 101 Exam 2 Study Guide HDFS 101
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lauren Caldwell on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HDFS 101 at Colorado State University taught by Jennifer Aberle in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views.
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Date Created: 02/28/16
HDFS 101 Study Guide 1. True/False: Teens born preterm generally catch up by school entrance. 2. At what time in the lifespan is growth greatest? 3. Weight [doubles/triples/quadruples] by the end of the first year of life. 4. Height [doubles/triples/quadruples] by the end of the first year of life. 5. Why is fat so important for an infant? 6. What does the term cephalocaudal refer to? 7. Define proximodistal principle. 8. What are some examples of primitive reflexes? 9. What are some examples of adaptive reflexes? 10.While [primitive/adaptive] reflexes are key for survival, the lack of [primitive/adaptive] reflexes may be a cue for unknown potential disabilities. 11.How big is the brain of a newborn compared to how big it will be as an adult? 12.Describe the process of myelination. 13.Why is pruning so critical for survival? 14.Define Exuberance. 15.___________ is an adaptive tool in order to overcome damage caused by environmental impacts – such as neglect or abuse. 16.How much do neonates sleep in a day? 17.At what age do children begin sleeping 6-7 hours at night? 18.True/False: Parents need to regulate sleeping habits for a child, such as beginning to sleep at night. 19.Why do babies cry? Are there different types of cries? 20.Provide an example of a Gross Motor Skill. 21.What develops faster – gross motor skills or fine motor skills? 22.What is ossification? 23.True/False: You are born with half of the muscles you will have in your entire life. 24.__________ mixes with _________ to produce personality. 25.What is intermodal perception? 26.Why is breast milk so beneficial for newborns? 27.What is Cholostrum? 28.How long can it take, after birth, for milk to truly develop within the mother? 29.How do immunizations work? 30.At what age range does SIDS impact children? 31.What is the definition of SIDS? 32.What campaign is advocating to end SIDS? (Hint: their slogan is really relative to the concept of what causes SIDS) 33.While [Assimilation/Accommodation] is defined as fitting something into an existing scheme, [Assimilation/Accommodation] is defined as reshaping schemas to fit new information. 34.What are Piaget’s four stages? 35.Under what age is it considered impossible to spoil a child by responding to them? 36.True/False: Social Development is accumulative throughout life. 37.What are the three basic temperments of children? 38.Define goodness-of-fit. 39.What are some examples of primary emotions? 40.What are some examples of secondary emotions? 41.What is Erikson’s crisis during infancy? a. How does one develop through this first crisis? As in, what social bonds help an infant overcome this struggle? 42.What does Bowlby’s Attachment Theory put emphasis on? 43.Define Attachment. 44.What is Synchrony? Provide an example. 45.What is the biggest cause of death for toddlers? Back up your answer with reasoning. 46.By what age is a child about half of their adult height? 47.What is the number one deficiency in developing countries for children? 48.Where does moth brain development, at this time, occur? 49.True/False: Large motor skills become automatic over time. 50.How many synapses are created per second (on average) for toddlers between 12 months and 3 years? 51.What is the best way to develop gross motor skills for young children? 52.What are some examples of fine motor skills for toddlers? 53.What is another name for ‘secondary emotions’? 54.True/False: “Secondary Emotions” are the same across collectivistic and individualistic communities. 55.What is the definition of self-regulation? 56.How does the term Dyadic relate to self-regulation? 57.There are five steps in emotional coaching for toddlers. List them. 58.What three key elements are toddler self-development based on? 59.What is Erikson’s crisis for toddlers between? 60.What is the difference between sex-typed behavior, gender roles/schemas, and sex-typed behavior? 61.True/False: In general, boys and girls are more alike than different. 62.What two researchers fueled attachment studies? 63.What three things are attachment based on? 64.What are the four Ainsworth Attachment styles? 65.What is Self-Reflection? 66.What is Erikson’s Crisis for Toddlers? In Early Childhood? 67.What is the class’s difference between the definitions of ‘shame’ and ‘guilt’? a. Which is based on caregiver responsiveness and responsibility? 68.Baumrad has four parenting styles” Authoritative, Permissive, Authoritarian, and Disengaged. a. Which one stems from parents simply having a lot they have to deal with on a day-to-day basis? b. Which one results in irresponsible, conforming, immature children? c. Which is nicknamed Helicopter parent? d. Which is nicknamed the Drill Sargent? e. Which is when parents have high expectations and the kids are held accountable, yet the parents are warm? f. Which tends to lead to kids that do drugs and have early sex? 69.What is parental self-efficency? 70.About how much of reported child abuse (in 2014) is physically caused by parents? 71.What adult figure in a child’s life is most likely to abuse or neglect a child? 72.True/False: constant exposure to abuse or neglect has no effect on the format of the brain. 73.What are some factors that increase the risk of abuse for children? 74.What are some factors that decrease the risk of abuse for children? 75.What is Relationally Aggressive relating to? 76.What group (boys/girls) is more likely to be relationally aggressive? 77.
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