Cheat Sheet #2
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emma Myhre on Monday February 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYCH 270 at University of North Dakota taught by Dr. Virginia Clinton in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 192 views.
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Date Created: 02/29/16
Chapter 6 --Antidepressants: help make neurotrans work --atypical anorexia nervosa: all criteria for anorexia st Major depressive disorder: 2wks, 5+) depressed normally, 1 gen- (tricyclic, and monoamine oxidase nervosa but their weight is w/in or above the normal mood, loss of interest, weight loss, loss in appetite, inhibitors MAOIs) weight gaind probs w/ sleep, low range insomnia, hypersomnia, mentally slowed down, sex drive, food sensitive, 2 gen- SSRIs has limited --bulimia nervosa-low frequency/limited duration: all fatigue, worthlessness, difficulty to concentrate, side effects and works on serotonin criteria for bulimia nervosa but the binge eating and thoughts of death --Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT): give patient purging happen less than once/week or for less than 3 Persistent depressive disorder: 2 yrs. off and on, 2+) seizure, creates over activity in brain, last resource if months poor appetite, insomnia, hypersomnia, fatigue, low not responding to meds or other treatment, really --binge eating disorder-low frequency/limited self-esteem, difficulty thinking, hopelessness effective, memory probs, muscle spasms duration: all criteria for binge eating disorder but Double depression: people w/ persistent depressive --Light Therapy: SAD, seeing the light changes happens less than once/week or for less than 3 mnth disorder and also major depressive episodes hormones, 1 hr for morning and evening --purging disorder: uses purging behavior or control Major depressive disorder w/ Peripartum onset: 6wks- --Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: painless their weight or shape but they are not binge eating 1yr, Symp) weight change, withdrawal, feelings of magnetic pulses, brain regions stimulated, effective, Avoidant restrictive food intake disorder: very narrow inadequacy, thoughts of harming self or baby stimulates part of brain for activity targets region to range of foods, an eating or feeding disturbance based Postpartum blues: 80% of all women, normal, treat depression. on apparent lack of interest in eating or food, weepiness, irritability, 3-14 days after birth, due to Biological treatments of bipolar disorders: avoidance based on the sensory characteristics of hormone crash at day 3 --Lithium: metallic element used to treat Bipo, food, Symp) weight loss, nutritional deficiency, Major depressive disorder w/ seasonal pattern: winter- moderates glutamate levels in brain dependence on internal feeding or oral nutritional too much sleep, too much food. Summer-too much --Anticonvulsants: not completely known how it supplements, interference psychosocial func. sunlight, to little sleep, not enough food works, helps w/ neurotrans Biological Viewpoint Factors: brain acts differently Bipolar I (full mania): Manic episode- 1wk, 3+) high --Atypical Antipsychotics: full mania w/ w/ anorexia, they respond more to candy rewards, but self-esteem, decrease need for sleep, more talkative, hallucinations obese people do not do the same. flight of ideas, distractibility, increase in goal --ECT: used for severe depressive episodes in Bipo, Diathesis-Stress Model: genetics/biology, born w/ activities, lots of high painful consequenceful prolonged mania, or catatonia certain genetic make-up for how patients handle activities. Can need to be hospitalized. ALSO, MDD Behaviorist explanations for depression: mood stress, stress in life brings out the problem of criteria disorders rooted by environment, depression because anorexia/bulimia Bipolar II (hypomania): 4 days, 3+) +) high self- of lack of + reinforcement to how they can enjoy Sociocultural etiological factors for anorexia and esteem, decrease need for sleep, more talkative, flight themselves, difficulty to function as an adult, hard bulimia of ideas, distractibility, increase in goal activities, lottime being around others avoid people which causes a --Ideal Body weight: unrealistic of high painful consequenceful activities. No need to lack of socialization, makes it worse. --Fiji Study: curvy women was preferred, then when be hospitalized. ALSO, MDD criteria Behavioral activation: treatment that schedules the western media entered the area. 1995-98, 10% of Cyclothymic disorder: symps alternate between pleasurable activities, social skills training, and time women were vomiting to maintain their weight. hypomanic and depressive management, increase in + reinforcement Family models of eating disorders Creativity and mood disorders: 59-77%, high in those Thought distortions in depression: faulty thinking --Enmeshment: focused on family member, enmeshed w/ arts, artists/music high in maniac Bipo disorders, patterns in their life architects/writers/poets high in MDD --dichotomous thinking: one way or another --Rigidity: not adapting to developmental life, keep Suicidal ideation: thoughts of death --overgeneralizing: one experience is bad for rest treating child as one or let them be 16 --Passive: wish to be dead, but does not have any --catastrophizing: small thing went wrong, everything --Overprotectiveness: age appropriate allowed planning is ruined activities --Active: thoughts about how to commit the act, --personalizing: everything about you -ly, assume bad --Poor Conflict Resolution: cannot come to where, when, how things are happening to you understanding of differences Parasuicide: behaviors such as superficial cutting of CBT for bipolar: discussing the feeling of a mania, Cognitive distortions w/ anorexia and bulimia the wrists or overdoes of nonlethal amounts of develop skills to change inappropriate or - thought --Black+White: all or nothing medications, unlikely to result in death patterns --Catastrophizing: overemphasizing the importance of Suicide attempts: taking pills indicates a non-lethal Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy Bipo: one event and always assuming the worst way, however violent attempts such as hanging, promotes adherence to regular daily routines, healthier --Overgeneralizing: making a link between 2 gunshot, or jumping from a building, previous relationships, routines and schedules to regulate mood unrelated things to support irrational view attempts at suicide increase the risk 30-40 times more CBT for Depression: focus on changing thoughts to --Personalizing and Comparison: comparing ideals likely to commit. These require treatment changing actions, understand how thoughts, between yourself and others, and assuming peoples Gender differences in methods and suicide: males are perceptions, and behaviors influence depression actions are in response to you more likely to commit suicide, females are more Interpersonal psychotherapy Depress: how to Biological treatments for anorexia likely to report suicidal ideation. Males choose more communicate w/ others as a part of the social aspect of --Stabilize weight, get enough calories, feel good lethal methods than females depression about self, medicate for symps of anorexia, Risk factors for suicide: Chapter 7 --Hospitalization: healthy weight, social supports, --Family history: suicide in family can be seen across Anorexia nervosa: Low body weight according to work, school, suicidal ideation, therapy w/ patient, generations BMI, fear of gaining weight or becoming fat even group, and family, reward them w/ things they want to --Psychiatric illness: 90% of attempts, and completed though very underweight do by telling them they have to eat first suicides have a connection w/ disorders, MDD and --Restricting Type: 3mnth, has not engaged in Nutritional counseling: Nutritionists will give advice, suicide, suicide common w/ Bipo episodes of binge eating and purging, weight loss what a healthy diet looks like, guiding them w/ food --Aggressive and Impulsive behavior: much related to accomplished by dieting, fasting, or excessive choices BipoI&II, caused by low serotonin exercise Cognitive behavioral therapy: focus on distortions of --Biological factors: low levels of serotonin, causes --Binge-eating/purging type: 3 mnth, has engaged in self, what healthy weight is, address automatic aggressive and impulsive thoughts and behaviors episodes of binge eating or purging, such as vomiting thoughts/how you react to the thoughts, stop having - --Copycat Suicide: one suicide becomes a compelling or the misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or enemas thoughts, FIND OUT what causes the thoughts, self- model for successive suicides, duplication of one Bulimia nervosa: Recurrent episodes of binge eating monitoring themselves suicide that the person attempting suicide knows via discrete period of time and food is in large Interpersonal psychotherapy: time-limited therapy about either from media, other persons, or amounts or a sense of lack of control over eating, 1 approach that focuses on decreasing eating disorder descriptions per week for 3mnth symps by enhancing social skills in relationships, Psychological autopsy: an attempt to identify Compensatory behaviors: actions of using items to addresses- interpersonal disputes, role transitions, psychological causes of suicide by interviewing counteract binge or to prevent weight gain abnormal grief, and interpersonal deficits family, friends, coworkers, and health care providers Binge eating disorder: regular binge eating behaviors Dialectical behavior therapy: mindfulness, distress Biological etiological factors of depression: mood w/out any compensatory behaviors. Usually tolerance, interpersonal effectiveness, emotion disorders are heritable, ~90% in Bipo, serotonin overweight or obese, recurrent episodes, in 2hrs- regulation, teach people skills, don’t let emotions regulates mood and there is abnormal levels in eating rapidly, eating past the point of feeling full, control you depression, Norepinephrine has low levels in earing large amounts, eating alone, feeling disgusted Gastric bypass for binge eating disorder: stomach depression, dopamine leads to psychosis w/ self. volume decreased, BE more difficult Biological treatments of depression: Eating disorder not otherwise specified: Chapter 8 Substance use: low to moderate-use that do not Loose associations: thoughts that have little or no Alfred Kinsley and the Kinsley scale: first sex produce problems w/ social, educational, or logical connection to the next thought, I worked at researcher, there is a range between hetero and homo, occupational func. army base. It is important on. I like to travel to AZ. Indiana University Substance intoxication: EXTREME – really effects Thought blocking: Long pauses in the patients speech. Stages of human sexual response body, substance induced disorder Clang associations: speech governed by words that --desire: response to external and internal cues Tolerance: use and abuse, need more and more sound alike, I like bills, summer hills, and bummer. --arousal: physical and psychological signs of sexual Withdrawal: physically need substance Catatonia: person is awake but not is not responsive to arousal Delirium tremens: disorientation, severe agitation, external stimulation. --orgasm: pleasure that is based in the brain and the high blood pressure, and fever, which can last up to 3- Anhedonia: Person feels no joy or happiness. genitalia 4 days after stopping drinking Avolition (apathy): Inability to follow through on --resolution: more common in men, resting period Alcoholic cirrhosis: liver needs rest, cirrhosis is plans. Differences between men and women in sexual degeneration of cells, inflammation and thickening, Alogia: term used to describe decreased quality and/or response and activity: men engage in more activity liver usually covered in fat quantity of speech. and think about sex more, women equate sexual desire Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome: “Wet Brain”, Psychomotor retardation: slowed mental or physical w/ a need for emotional intimacy prevents body from absorbing thyamine, confusion, activities. Speech slowed to where others can’t Sexual dysfunction: absence or impairment of some amnesia, confabulation-fill in the blanks w/ fake understand. aspect of sexual response that causes distress or information, unsteady gait-shuffle back and forth Echolalia: repeating verbatim of what others say impairment, based on: desire-start sexual response Behavioral addictions: compulsive behaviors for Social cognition: ability to perceive, interpret, and stage, orgasm-not have a climax w/o it, pain-prevent short-term + benefits, long-term - consequences understand social information including others beliefs, attempts at sex --controversial: addicted to something you don’t attitudes, and emotions. Subtypes for all disorders ingest like gambling, similar patterns to substance Brief psychotic disorder: sudden onset of any --acquired or lifelong: acquired at a certain age abuse psychotic symptom, such as delusions, hallucinations, --generalized or situational: situation for a particular Etiology: biological scarring- someone is addicted disorganized speech, or grossly disorganized or object/individual does not have same dopamine catatonic behavior. May resolve after 1 and does not Female sexual interest arousal disorder: 6mnth, --Genetic factors: 50-60% influence, biological parent last for more than 1 month. female doesn’t want sex 75% of time, psychological w/ subabuse 4-5x greater to have it, environment is Schizophreniform disorder: same as schizophrenia but reasons-sex is wrong, physiological reasons-heart very influential-live where everyone drinks shorter duration ranging from 1 to 6 months. In a few probs w/ blood flow heavily=you will too instances the symptoms seem to disappear. --etiological factors and treatment: hormonal --Behavioral factors: PosRein: adding pleasure, use Schizoaffective disorder: patient has both imbalances, testosterone therapy, female Viagra, and more. NegRein: escape from unpleasant thoughts, schizophrenia and affective disorder, Jack thought his for anxiety and stress-communication w/drawal neighbors were tracking him but not his co-workers Male hypoactive sexual arousal disorder: 6mnth, no Treatments Delusional disorder: consists of presence of non- more interest in sex, age and context of person’s life, --Stimulus avoidance: avoid drug cues, avoid sights, bizarre delusion. Defined as event that might actually similar to female arousal disorder and remove glasses, ads, out of sight out of mind happen. Erectile disorder/dysfunction: inability to maintain an --Abstinence violation effect: someone listens to any Biological etiological factors with psychotic disorders erection, man is soft increases as men age, feelings toward addiction, sober person tells you no, --genetics: heredity, passed on from family members testosterone decreases w/ age relapses-tries to learn from mistake --neurotransmitters: chemical substance that is --etiological factors and treatment: age, smoking, poor --Transtheoretical model and motivational released at the end of a nerve fiber heart, obesity, Prostaglandin E1 and Vacuum Pumps interviewing: encourage people to use treatment, --neuroanatomy: dramatic abnormalities in perception, Female orgasmic disorder: 6mnth, no orgasms, focus on their strengths, goals, and achieving them thought, and behavior found among people w/ consider age stimulation, and sexual experience, not --Coping skills interventions: learn to deal w/ schizophrenia led naturally to consideration of brain able to climax Male orgasmic disorder: 6mnth, problem, people w/ disorders need life skills, their use abnormalities, which may be structural or functional. delayed ejaculation, man cannot climax inhibits living right, develop support systems --Dopamine hypothesis: increases amount of Premature ejaculation: 6 mnth w/in 1 min, 30% peep --Aversion therapy and aversive treatments: pair dopamine level in neural synapse, in turn can lead to Etiological factors and treatment of orgasmic something they use w/ something gross, show pictures development or worsening of psychotic symptoms disorders: issues w/ orgasm similar to hypoactive of something bad w/ substance, medication- --Prenatal issues and schizophrenia: associated with desire, females need to masturbate, stop squeeze disulfiram=ingest alcohol and puke later onset of schizophrenia include maternal genital technique for preejac --Contingency management approaches: blood/urine or reproductive infections during time of conception. Genito-pelvic pain disorder: 6 mnth, vaginal test=sober, get reward for it. Expressed emotion: Families emotional involvement penetration during intercourse, pelvic pair during --Twelve step programs: have a higher power, no and critical attitudes found among people w/ a intercourse, fear about pain, tensing a tightening person leading, people recovering helps another by psychological disorder. Vaginismus: when outer 1/3 musculature contracts so providing support --etiological factor: the level of emotional involve and much make penetration impossible, muscles used in --Controlled drinking: not physically dependent, critical attitudes that exist w/in the family of a patient sex=painful response, woman needs right sexual perhaps for people not alcoholics, coping skills, with schizophrenia, these patients will relapse more attention moderation management and need more hospitalization. Dyspareunia: pain during intercourse, male or female, --Harm reduction: put people in wet house to basically Gene-environment correlation: person who provides experiencing pain other than psychological die. patients genetic makeup also provides environment in Impact of sexual disorders on the individual: both Chapter 10 which that person lives, did Linda get schizophrenia individuals sexual well-being is affected, impacts self- Psychosis: severe mental condition characterized by from mom’s genes or from environment she was esteem, sexual relationship, not always overall loss of contact with reality fostered in relationship, only less than 19% of people seek Delusions: false belief Typical antipsychotics: antipsychotics. Reduce treatment --delusions of influence: Belief that others control positive symptoms of schizophrenia but produce side Difference between sex and gender: how cultures ones behavior or thoughts, move things w/ mind effects such as muscle stiffness and, tremors, and identify a person=gender, sex=what you are naturally --persecutory delusions: Belief that someone is tardive dyskinesia. born w/. harming or attempting to harm the person. --tardive dyskinesia: common symptoms include Gender dysphoriaADULT: 6 mnth, dressed based on --Self-significance: you are god, or president movement of tongue (lip licking, fly catching gender, want to rid of one’s primary sex/secondary --somatic: there is something wrong w/ ur body movements), face (tics), jaw (chewing, grinding) sex too, wants the sex of another gender, wants to be Hallucination: false sensory perception Atypical antipsychotics: medication to treat pos. treated as other gender Schizophrenia: severe psychological disorder symptoms of schizophrenia. Biological etiological factors for gender dysphoria: characterized by disorganization in thought, Psychoeducation: process to educate patients/family brain of males similar to heterosexual females, perception and behavior. People with this disorder members. Goal is to reduce distress. prenatal hormone imbalances, hormonal condition, don’t think logically, perceive world accurately or CBT for schizophrenia: used to reduce psychotic androgen production-too much male hormone in behave in way that permits normal everyday life and symptoms. Consists of psychoeducation about female blood work. psychosis and hallucinations and teaches patient on Psychosocial etiological factors for gender dysphoria: --positive symptoms: delusions, hallucinations using coping strategies to deal with symptoms such as parental rejection, parents want a boy born a girl never --negative symptoms: catatonia, no emotional hallucinations. let you forget that expression, anhedonia, avolition, Alogia, psychomotor Chapter 9 retardation
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