Quiz 1 study guide
Quiz 1 study guide 1230.0
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emily Clark on Monday September 7, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 1230.0 at Bowling Green State University taught by Lynne Hewitt in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 104 views. For similar materials see INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNICATION DISORDERS in Language at Bowling Green State University.
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Date Created: 09/07/15
Quiz 1 Study Guide Chapter 1 and Introduction PowerPoint What is Communication An exchange of meaning A way to share Thoughts and feelings Conduct business Express identity Teach Build relationships Learn Pass on traditions Individuals with Communication Disorders Approximately 46 million people have a communication disorder that negatively impacts their ability to hear or talk There are two types Congenital Acquired A problem with one aspect of communication affects many other processes related to it Communication Disorders Impairment Refers to any loss or abnormality of structures or functions Disorder is sometimes a synonym for impairmet Disability Refers to a reduced competence in meeting daily living needs Handicap Often caused by the nature of the impairment andor the attitudes and biases in that person s environment Communication Difference Communication differences are simply differences in dialect or accent that make it difficult to communicate You can have both a difference and disorder but they are not the same thing PersonFirst Languagg Their disorder doesn t define them it is simply a part of their life Classifying Communication Disorders Speech Language Hearing Organic Physical cause versus functional Cause cannot be identified Developmental Early in life versus acquired later in life Pediatric child versus adult Speech interruption in speech production versus language significant deficiency in understandingcreating messages versus hearing how loud sounds need to be before they can be heardthe pitch level that sounds are heard at You can also classify disorders by the source of disruption The chart below shows the speech chain The picture below it show the anatomy of the LarynX Problems in either or both charts can cause disorders The Speech Chain Speaker Listener Sensory Brah nerves Feedbac 333 link Bran Vocal muscles Sensory nerves Sound waves Xv Motor nerves hysiologica hysiologica level ANATOMY OF THE LARYNX Tongue Epiglouis Epigloms Vocal cord laryngopharynx Trachca Vocal cord Eso aglIs larynx LARYNGOSCOPIC VIEW Trachca Esophagus MlDSAGHTAL VIEW FOR SAMPLE USE ONLY 2008 TRIALSIGHT MEDICAL MEDIA Types of Communication Disorders Types of Speech disorders Articulation and phonological disorders Motor speech disorders Fluency disorder Voice disorders Types of Language disorders Developmental EX Dyslexia Acquired EX Aphasia Types of Swallowing disorders Known as dysphagia In scope of practice of SLP In pediatric populations known as feeding and swallowing Etiology cause of a disease anything that can affect structure and function of oralpharyngeal physiology Types of Hearing disorders Developmental versus acquired Conductive problems with low frequencies Sensorineural problems with high frequencies Mixed a mixture of causes from any of the above The Professions Speech2 language and hearing scientists Scientific research foundations for the discipline of CSD Usually PhD required Scientific foundations of clinical work Basic research questions EX What genes control development of the hearing system Applied research questions Ex What types of interventions are most effective to develop communicative abilities in children with autism Speechlanguage pathologists SLP s Clinical profession requiring master s degree for national certification Usually also required for state licensure More than half employed in K12 settings Majority of the rest work in health care settings Certified SLP earns Certi cate of Clinical Competence from ASHA Audiologists Minimum credential for audiologists is AuD Doctor of Audiology Work across lifespan Evaluate type and extent of hearing loss Aural rehabilitation Fitting assistive listening deVices Hearing aids Key Terms are available as a separate sheet
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