Exam 1 Study Guide
Exam 1 Study Guide BIOL 205
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Tarheel4Life on Monday September 7, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to BIOL 205 at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill taught by CONLON,FRANK L in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 129 views.
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Date Created: 09/07/15
BIOL 205 Exam 1 Study Guide Dr Steinwand UNC Know the basics of transcription to translation Describe light fluorescence and electron microscopes as well as their detail intensity and what an image produced by each might look like How does transmission electron microscopy differ from scanning electron microscopy and how does confocal microscopy differ from typical fluorescence Know how cells are frozen for viewing in microscopes Be able to briefly describe the differences and similarities between prokaryotes and eukaryotes Know how different types of cells divide and differences in their cytoplasm s Be able to explain the function composition and structure of each of the components in a eukaryotic and prokaryotic cell Explain the evidence for Endosymbiont Theory and know what cell shape is directly correlated with Know how cells are broken up and how cellular components are sometimes isolated in a mixture Describe centrifugation and sedimentation procedures in relation to cell particulate separation and how each are able to separate cellular components Lightly brush up on components of cells at a molecular level their arrangements dry weight components and carbon compound percentages Briefly become familiar with functional group solubility and hydrogen bonding at a surface level of knowledge Understand proteins peptide bonds and how proteins can be broken apart Know how amino acids and their various sequences play a role in production and the upkeep of proteins Know properties of ionic and hydrogen bonds and how hydrophilic and hydrophobic interactions differ Apply the concepts of hydrophilic and hydrophobic interactions to the inner workings of membranes Understand the basics of amino acids that will and won t interact with water as well as their polarities and how these relate Know the four different ways of showing protein conformation and be able to roughly sketch their features Describe the four levels of protein organization and their functions Know what an alpha Helix and beta sheet are How does Sickle Cell Anemia relate to alpha helices and beta chains and explain the amino acid misconfigurations associated with the disease Explain how proteins function as storage receptor transport structural and other types and know what each of them do for the cell as a whole Understand how ligands and binding sites work on proteins Know how catalysts and enzymes work within reactions and how enzymes bind to substrates What makes allosteric enzymes unique and how are changes in proteins confirmation wise related to phosphorylation and hydrolysis Describe amphipathic molecules and artificial liposomes and how each relate to unique circumstances within cells Explain what kinks and saturation of lipids with hydrogens both are and how they make membranes act How can lipid bilayer fluidity asymmetry and permeability affect the inner workings of cells and their functions Describe the types of proteins in the membrane and what functions they can carry out Know the types of passive and active transport and what they require as well as what they are capable of transporting How might proteins be extracted from a membrane for testing HELPFUL Quick Tips Be prepared to describe processes and how they work Know your way around experimental design and be able to put together experiments to test hypotheses promoted by a question Design and draw multiple processes from within the book they will come in handy Familiarize yourself with graphics and graphs from the chapters in the book and from class and know what they represent
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