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by: Rachel W
Rachel W
GPA 3.8
Intro to Cultural Anthropology
Jennifer Wies

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About this Document

notes on culture and chapter 2 & chapter 3
Intro to Cultural Anthropology
Jennifer Wies
Study Guide
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Rachel W on Tuesday September 8, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ANT 120 at Eastern Kentucky University taught by Jennifer Wies in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 62 views. For similar materials see Intro to Cultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Eastern Kentucky University.

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Date Created: 09/08/15
Anthropology Culture Giving meaning to Human lives Chapter 2 Con ict over mascots Such as Native Americans can be viewed as culture but can also seem as disrespectful is quotthe complex whole which includes knowledge belief art law morals custom and any other capabilities acquired by man as a member of societyquot EB Tylor 18321917 process of passing along culture Manv theories of culture 0 Culture is learned 0 Culture uses symbols 0 Dynamic always adapting and changing Integrated with daily experience Shapes everybody s life 0 Shared Understanding culture involves overcoming ethnocentrism Anthropology 2nOI and 3rOI week quotCulture consists of the collective processes that make the arti cial seem naturalquot A If culture is emergent and dynamic why does it feel so stable Societies function most smoothly when cultural processes feel natural and stable Enculturation occurs every day whether we are aware of it or not Symbols do change sometimes dramatically but Are particularly stable Easily remembered Preserve a culture39s conventional meanings Symbols can mean different things in different cultures Symbol of heart in America toilet in Sweden C Values Symbolic expressions of intrinsically desirable principles or qualities EDD Norms Remain stable because people learn them from an early age and because society encourages conformity E Traditions Most enduring and ritualized aspects of a culture Usually assumed to be timeless or at least very old m Elements of functionalism are still used by modern cultural anthropologists especially its holistic perspective 3ml week chapter 3 Beyond Nature and Nurture The individual Biology and Culture A Nature andor nurture Nature and nurture are not opposed and mutually exclusive but rather intertwined processes Biological psychological and cultural factors must be examined One assumption is that biology is destiny which may only be modi ed by culture throughout the course of a human life This assumption has been challenged by decades of cognitive sciences research B The adaptable human brain Most nonhuman primates are born with their brains largely developed 75 of human brain development occurs after birth in a cultural environment Origins Extinct human ancestors such as Homo erectus left traces of extraordinary behavioral versatility problemsolving abilities and environmental adaptability Our cultured brains Our brains especially during the rst ve years of life develop in the context of a particular culture language and set of social relationships and norms The exibility of human brain structure is called neural plasticity Brain and mind The human mind processes information and constructs cognitive models to make sense of the world around us Cognitive models provide a framework for one s own behavior and for interpreting the actions of others Cultural Models Forms of greeting calendars games chants conventional body postures and rituals are examples of shared social institutions that began as cultural models Personal Models For example your mental map of a town or city in which you live Despite living in the same physical space people may have very different personal models or perceptions of that space The nervous system and culture The brain is part of the human nervous svstem The whole nervous system is impacted culturally conditioned mental stresses which affect blood pressure immunity to disease and levels of fatigue Thus biology nature and culture nurture our personal experience of stress combine to affect physical health Culture and personality school Culture and personality studies analyzed how childrearing social institutions and cultural ideologies shaped individual experience personality characteristics and thought patterns


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