PSYS 371 EXAM THREE STUDY GUIDE
PSYS 371 EXAM THREE STUDY GUIDE PSYS 371
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This page Study Guide was uploaded by Erin@BSU on Monday February 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYS 371 at Ball State University taught by Rohrer in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Applied Behavior Analysis in Psychlogy at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 02/29/16
mm 3 Prep Studv Guide Spring 2015 Chapter Nine Stimulus Discrimination and Stimulus Generalization Know and be able to give examples for the following terms and be able to answer the study questions and the questions on notes at the end of each chapter 1 Stimulus anything in the environment that gets a response EX sounds people 2 Stimulus Control what is the relationship between the stimulus amp the response ie what stimulates you EX cold room jacket 3 Positive Reinforcers if the stimulus doesn t reinforce the behavior it is not a reinforcement EX candy weekend 4 Discrimination Stimulus when or when not to do a behavior sd Go s A Stop EX stoplight green sd red sA EX you re teaching a child to respond to a family member how are you doing and they say hey what s up the child will not know how to respond Can be both yes sign says go to back door sd go to back door sA don t go through this door 5 Stimulus Discrimination Training Procedure of reinforcing a response in the presence of a sd and extinguishing the sA Sd garage door open SA garage door closed 6 Stimulus Discrimination Learning learning to respond differently to different stimuli Error SA is present but still do it EX hunter goes on No trespassing territory 4 Things to Look for when using Chaining 1 Choosing distinct symbols 2 Minimize the variations of the behavior 3 Maximize the number of trials 4 Describe contingencies 7 Natural Reinforcers an unknown reaction to a behavior EX eating better makes you feel better 8 Conditioned Stimulus something you have learned to respond to how to react 9 Controlling Stimulus a stimulus controls whether the behavior will occur or not Exz the weather the temperature 10 ContingencyShaped Behavior if a behavior is performed to a certain degree the client will be rewarded 11 Know what is meant by an error in discrimination training What would happen if you accidently taught an error made a mistake while teaching be specific EX client responding to a sA 12 Be able to answer the study questions throughout chapter Exz be able to answer the questions in the book 13 Stimulus Generalization different examples for the same concept EX Popsicle sticks and stickers are different but used for same response 14 Generalization due to physical similarities look different but operate the same EX computers XbOX one and ps4 showers 15 Generalization due to Common Characteristics red ball blue ball both balls EX bracelet on left is same as would be on the right 16 Generalization due to Equivalence Class same meaning but different image EX professor vs teacher Chapter Seven Shaping 1 Define shaping successive approximations of the targeted behavior working towards the goal amp give reward every bit of progress towards the end goal Exz teacher rewarding writing name then first 3 problems then 5 2 Define amp understand examples of the four dimensions of behavior that can be shaped Topography every part of the behavior Amount frequencyduration Latency PPPL Intensity 3 Know and understand the four factors that in uence the effects of shaping Specifying the final desired outcomebehavior goal Choosing a starting behavior Choosing the shaping steps Moving along at the correct pace PPPL 4 Know and understand the Guidelines Select final target behavior reinforcer initial plan and acting on plan 5 Be able to answer the study questions and questions on notes within the chapter Chapter Ten Fading Know and be able to give examples for the following terms and be able to answer the study questions and the questions on notes within the chapter 1 Fading gradually reducing the prompts given goal is to use one prompt EX Teaching a dog to sit give a treat verbal command sit their butt down in the end you just want the command 2 Physical Prompts Physical guidance helping EX Pushing someone toward the sidewalk EX Touching a shoulder to get attention 3 Environmental Prompts alterations of the environment to signify a behavior EX Put pop in the back of the fridge behind water bc no one likes water EX caution sign on coffee 4 Gestural Prompts Using motion to prompt EX Point wave 5 Modeling Prompts Model the behavior showing Exz Everyone claps Exz Say sound you want them to say SLP 6 ExtraStimulus Prompts something added to environment to make behavior more likely Exz If the board says no computers then there will be no computers EX It s for emergencies 7 WithinStimulus Prompts Variations of a stimulus to make it EX Highlighting information italicize bold words on a handout Exz Power button on toy bigger to distinguish 8 TimeDelay Prompts Time interval between instruction of presentation and the time of prompt EX Which one is the circle wait yes it is that one Chapter Eleven Behgviorgl Chaining StimulusResponseStimulusResponse Start with stimulus that starts response the response becomes stimulus for next response Know and be able to give examples for the following terms and be able to answer the studv auestions and the auestions 0n notes at the end of each chapter 1 Chaining Procedures and Guidelines a Do a task analysis preliminary modeling trial decide chaining method chaining method to reduce help use back or forward chaining client uses all components ample reinforcement Ola 9 make sure reinforcement is effective 2 PurePart Chaining teach stages EX A 123 B 456 C 789 3 Forward Chaining 1 12 123 1234 EX You do this when you can t undo the steps EX teach craft in steps EX folding clothes EX teaching a dance 4 Task Analysis take a task to put it in parts l234 what they can accomplish Exz forward chaining but don t undo larger steps EX morning routine brush teeth shower eat breakfast 5 Backward Chaining start with last step go through process backwards Start over after each task End result is the reinforcer EX long complicated tasks making a bed 6 Total Task Presentation Chaining teach task from start to finish EX How to make a craft EX Teacher showing morning routine sign in go to desk Be able to answer the study questions and questions on notes within the chapter Dter TwentyFive Tolen Economies back up reinforcers you have a token that can be added to to buy something bigger B ackup reinforcers have to be extrinsic physical It has to have value amp token have no value EX gold stars stickers EX cd player is backup reinforcer token is canteen points Know how to design a token economy Do NOT memorize but DO understand why each step is important the client understands that the token does not have value Be able to answer the study questions and questions on notes within the chapter Direct vs Indirect Assessment 2 Behaviors observable amp non observable overt amp covert Continuous vs Non Continuous Latency Conditioned vs Unconditioned Reactivity TF the environment must be arranged in order for change in the behavior What type of chaining is similar to the topography of shaping total task chaining teach all of them at one time which requires knowledge of topography What is a problem that can occur with shaping The steps could be too large too fast or confusing to the overall vs temporary goals
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